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Ștefan Vodă District

Ștefan Vodă
Flag of Ștefan Vodă
Flag
Coat of arms of Ștefan Vodă
Coat of arms
Location of Ștefan Vodă
Coordinates: 46°30′N 29°40′E / 46.500°N 29.667°E / 46.500; 29.667Coordinates: 46°30′N 29°40′E / 46.500°N 29.667°E / 46.500; 29.667
Country Moldova
Administrative center
(Oraș-reședință)

Ștefan Vodă
Government
 • Raion PresidentVasile Buzu (PDM), since 2011
Area
 • Total998 km2 (385 sq mi)
Population
 • Total62,072
 • Density62/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Area code(s)+373 42
Car platesSV
Websitewww.stefanvoda.md

Ștefan Vodă is a district (Romanian: raion) in the south-east of Moldova, with the administrative center at Ștefan Vodă. As of 1 January 2011, its population was 71,900. The city is situated 100 km from Chișinău and 100 km from Odessa, Ukraine.

History

Localities with the earliest documentary attestation are: Cioburciu, Olănești, Carahasani, first certified locations in 1405-1456. In the 16th-18th centuries, intense agriculture was developed, with important wine-making industries and population growth attested. In 1812, after the Russo-Turkish War (1806-1812), Bessarabia was incorporated into the Russian Empire during this period (1812–1917), and an intense russification of the native population occurred. In 1918, after the collapse of the Russian Empire, Bessarabia united with Romania (1918–1940, 1941–1944), and the district was part of the Cetatea Albă County. In 1940, after Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, Bessarabia was occupied by the Soviet Union. In 1991 as a result of the proclamation of Independence of Moldova, the district became part and residence of the Tighina County (1991–2003), and in 2003 it became an administrative unit of Moldova.

Geography

Stefan Vodă district is located in south-eastern part of the Republic of Moldova. Neighborhood has the following districts: Causeni District in the northwest, Slobozia District in the northeast, and the state border with Ukraine in the south and east. The landscape is predominantly plain, slightly fractured, the highest altitude around 210–230 m in the western part of district. Minimum altitude 2–5 m in the Lower Nistru Plain. Erosion processes with a low intensity.

Climate

Temperate continental climate with an annual average district temperature +10.5+11 c. July average temperature +22+23 C, of January -4 C. Annual precipitation 450–550 mm. Average wind speed 3–5 m \ s.

Fauna

Typical European fauna, with the presence of such mammals such as foxes, hedgehogs, deer, wild boar, polecat, wild cat, ermine and others. Of birds: partridges, crows, eagles, starling, swallow and more.

Flora

Forests of the district are complemented by tree species such as oak, ash, hornbeam, linden, maple, walnut and others. From plants: wormwood, knotweed, fescue, nettle and many others.

Rivers

Stefan Vodă district is located in the basin of the Nistru River, which crosses the district in the north-eastern part of district. Tributaries of the Nistru here are usually short. The area has numerous artificial lakes.

Administrative subdivisions

  • Localities: 26
    • Administrative center: Ștefan Vodă
      • Cities: Ștefan Vodă
        • Villages: 3
          • Communes: 22

Demographics

1 January 2012 the district population was 71,500 of which 12.1% urban and 87.9% rural population

  • Births (2010): 832 (11.5 per 1000)
  • Deaths (2010): 950 (13.2 per 1000)
  • Growth rate (2010): -118 (-1.6 per 1000)

Ethnic groups

Ethnic group % of total
Moldovans 89.9
Romanians 4.7
Ukrainians 2.5
Russians 2.1
Gagauz 0.1
Bulgarians 0.2
Romani 0.3
Other 0.2
Undeclared 1.11

Religion

Economy

Purcari wine factory

Ștefan Vodă District hosts a total of 14,469 registered businesses, many of which are agricultural. Agricultural land makes up 65,199 ha (65.3%) of total land area, while arable land occupies 55,542 ha (55.6%) of the total agricultural land. The farmland in the district includes 4977 ha (5.0%) of vines, 3237 ha (3.2%) of orchards, and 1398 ha (1.4%) of pastures. Major crops grown in the area include wheat, oats, sunflower, canola, soybeans, and vegetables.

Education

Stefan Voda district are 63 educational institutions, including 31 kindergartens, 30 primary and secondary education, a vocational school. In schools with training and education are included in total 13,673 students, including 2,839 children in kindergartens in schools, 10,284 university students, 354 students in vocational schools, 196 vocational school students. Nowadays in education, the 1264 district teachers operate.

Politics

Stefan Voda district granted priority mainly right-wing parties. In Moldova represented by the AEI. PCRM is a continuous fall in percentage the last three elections.

During the last three elections AEI had an increase of 107.6%

Parliament elections results
Year AEI PCRM
2010 60.36% 18,311 32.96% 9,998
July 2009 52.73% 15,925 36.52% 11,029
April 2009 29.46% 8,820 46.92% 14,050

Elections

e • d  Summary of 28 November 2010 Parliament of Moldova election results in Stefan Voda District
Parties and coalitions Votes % +/−
Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova 11,759 38.76 +17.07
Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova 9,998 32.96 −3.56
Democratic Party of Moldova 3,497 11,53 +2.84
Liberal Party 2,263 7.46 −6.85
Party Alliance Our Moldova 792 2.61 −5.43
United Moldova 391 1.29 +1.29
Humanist Party of Moldova 324 1.07 +1.07
Other Party 1,323 4.32 -6.43
Total (turnout 56.29%) 30,628 100.00


Culture

In district active: 26 culture houses, 2 museums, 86 artistic bands including 26 bands holding the title of the band model, 37 public libraries.

Education

In Stefan Voda district works: a hospital with 220 beds general fund, a center of family doctor's in the composition of which included: 13 health center's, nine family doctors office. The population of the district health care operates 110 medical personnel 354 average, 260 nurses and auxiliary health personnel.

References

  1. ^ "Results of Population and Housing Census in the Republic of Moldova in 2014". National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova. 2017. Retrieved 2017-05-01.

This page was last updated at 2020-11-06 20:45, update this pageView original page

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