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1900 Belgian general election

1900 Belgian general election

← 1898 27 May 1900 1902 →

All 152 seats in the Chamber of Representatives
  First party Second party Third party
  Paul de Smet de Naeyer.jpg No image.png No image.png
Leader Paul de Smet de Naeyer August De Winne
Party Catholic Labour Liberal
Leader since Candidate for PM 1899
Seats before 108 seats 15 seats 13 seats
Seats won 86 32 31
Seat change Decrease 22 Increase 17 Increase 18
Popular vote 993,945 461,295 464,959
Percentage 48.46% 22.49% 22.67%

Government before election

de Smet de Naeyer II
Catholic

Elected Government

de Smet de Naeyer II
Catholic

State Coat of Arms of Belgium.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Belgium
Constitution
Foreign relations

Full general elections were held in Belgium on 27 May 1900.[1]

They were the first elections under a proportional system (using the D'Hondt method) instead of a majority system. This was an innovation in Europe, as Belgium became the first country to adopt proportional representation as basis of its electoral system. To make the system possible, smaller electoral districts (arrondissements) were grouped into a single electoral district (a group of arrondissements). The introduction of proportional representation was beneficial to the Liberal Party, which significantly increased its number of seats. The Liberal Party previously suffered losses after the introduction of universal suffrage in 1894.

The Catholic Party thus lost seats but retained its absolute majority, with 86 of the 152 seats in the Chamber of Representatives and 44 of the 76 seats in the Senate.[2]

Results

Chamber of Representatives

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Catholic Party 993,945 48.46 86 –22
Liberal Party 464,959 22.67 31 +18
Belgian Labour Party 461,295 22.49 32 +17
Christian Democratic Party 52,093 2.54 1 0
Radical Party 33,840 1.65 2 New
Other parties 44,782 2.18 0 -2
Liberal-Social Kartels - - 0 -8
Gauche Left Kartels - - 0 -1
Invalid/blank votes 0
Total 2,050,914 100 152 0
Source: Belgian Elections

Senate

Party Votes % Seats
Catholic Party 911,262 52.8 44
Liberal Party 565,767 32.8 23
Belgian Labour Party 119,000 6.9 4
Other parties 129,636 7.5 5
Invalid/blank votes
Total 1,725,665 100 76
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Constituencies

The distribution of seats among the electoral districts was as follows for the Chamber of Representatives.[3] As the electoral system changed to a proportional one, the electoral arrondissements with only one or two representatives were grouped together to form larger ones. Each electoral district now had at least 3 representatives, with the exception of Neufchâteau-Virton.

Province Arrondissement Previous New
Antwerp Antwerp 11
Mechelen 4
Turnhout 3
Limburg Hasselt 3
Maaseik 1 3
Tongeren 2
East Flanders Aalst 4
Oudenaarde 3
Gent 9 10
Eeklo 1
Dendermonde 3
Sint-Niklaas 4
West Flanders Bruges 3
Roeselare 2 4
Tielt 2
Kortrijk 4
Ypres 3
Veurne 1 4
Diksmuide 1
Ostend 2
Brabant Leuven 6
Brussels 18
Nivelles 4
Hainaut Tournai 4 6
Ath 2
Charleroi 8
Thuin 3
Mons 6
Soignies 3
Liège Huy 2 4
Waremme 2
Liège 11
Verviers 4
Luxembourg Arlon 1 3
Marche 1
Bastogne 1
Neufchâteau 1 2
Virton 1
Namur Namur 4
Dinant 2 4
Philippeville 2
152 152

References

  1. ^ Nohlen, Dieter; Stöver, Philip (31 May 2010). Elections in Europe: A data handbook. Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft. p. 289. ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7.
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, pp307-310
  3. ^ List of members of the Chamber of Representatives (1900-1901)

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