1961 Census of India

1961 Census of India

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General information
Total population438,936,918 (21.62)
Mostpopulous​regionUttar Pradesh

The 1961 Census of India was the 10th in a series of censuses held in India every decade since 1871.[citation needed]

The population of India was counted as 438,936,918 people.[1]

Language data

The 1961 census recognized 1,652 mother tongues, counting all declarations made by any individual at the time when the census was conducted.[1] However, the declaring individuals often mixed names of languages with those of dialects, sub-dialects and dialect clusters or even castes, professions, religions, localities, regions, countries and nationalities.[1] The list therefore includes "languages" with barely a few individual speakers as well as 530 unclassified "mother tongues" and more than 100 idioms that are non-native to India, including linguistically unspecific demonyms such as "African", "Canadian" or "Belgian".[1] Modifications were done by bringing in two additional components- place of birth i.e. village or town and duration of stay ( if born elsewhere).

See also


  1. ^ a b c d Mallikarjun, B. (5 August 2002). "Mother Tongues of India According to the 1961 Census". Languages in India. M. S. Thirumalai. ISSN 1930-2940. Retrieved 11 December 2014.

External links

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