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2019 Vietnam forest fires

2019 Vietnam forest fires
Date22 June – August
LocationCity of Đà Nẵng, provinces of Hà Tĩnh, Nghệ An and Thừa Thiên-Huế in Vietnam
CauseDry and hot weather seasons accompanied by several accidents:
  • Caused by a fire started on top of a mountain (Đà Nẵng)[1]
  • Fire accidentally sets by a Vietnamese resident (Hà Tĩnh)[2][3]
  • Caused by high temperatures and dry weather (Nghệ An)[4]
  • Caused by people offerings of incense and joss paper to deceased relatives in cemetery (Thừa Thiên-Huế)[5]
Property damageMore than 782 hectares of forests are damaged in three provinces:
  • 500 hectares of forest (Đà Nẵng)[6]
  • 267 hectares of forest (Hà Tĩnh)[6]
  • 15 hectare of forest (Nghệ An)[4]

Since the mid-June, a fire have been reported in Nghệ An Province with several more occurred in the communes of Hương Trà and Hương Thủy in the central province of Thừa Thiên-Huế that spreading across over 100 hectares (247 acres) of pine and acacia trees among other forest fires reported in Vietnamese central provinces and cities, from Đà Nẵng to Hà Tĩnh that threatening the 500kV transmission line in the area which forcing the Electricity of Vietnam (EVN) to cut electricity distribution.[7][8]

Effects

A fire occurred in Nghệ An Province on 22 June destroys 15 hectares (37 acres) of forest.[4] On 28 June, five separate fires happened in Hà Tĩnh Province destroying hundreds of hectares of forests and threatened nearby residential areas with the first largest fire happened at around 1:00 pm at a protected forest area in Nghi Xuân District which quickly spread due to the sunny, dry weather and strong winds.[9] Forest fires also struck the Hương Sơn District the following days with 20 places in the district have experienced fires.[10] On 7 July, another fire occurred at around 1:00 pm atop of Thanh Vinh Mountain in Liên Chiểu District.[1]

Responses

Prime Minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc urged the nation and local authorities to strengthen measures to prevent and contain the spread of the forest fires as well to detect early fires and mobilise forces to extinguish the root causes before it spread.[10] The Prime Minister also asking other local leaders of Bình Định, Đà Nẵng, Hà Tĩnh, Khánh Hòa, Nghệ An, Ninh Bình, Phú Yên, Quảng Bình, Quảng Nam, Quảng Ngãi, Quảng Trị, Thanh Hóa and Thừa Thiên-Huế provinces to implement urgent measures to prevent and fight forest fires as well urging Vietnamese electricity board of EVN to co-operate with local authorities and related agencies to ensure the safety of the national electricity distribution system and being alert to any incidents that will affect power supply.[10]

The local government in Thừa Thiên-Huế Province mobilised 1,000 team members comprising forest rangers, firefighters, policemen and soldiers together with reserve soldiers to contain the spread of the fires.[7] Similar orders were also instructed to other fires affected provinces with Deputy chairman of the Nghi Xuân District People's Committee announced that by 10.30am on 30 June, a forest fire in Xuân Hồng Commune of Hà Tĩnh Province was managed to be controlled with officials continuing to patrol the area in case the fire re-occurs.[10]

Aftermath

Most of the fires including in the area of Nghệ An Province have been identified by the authorities as being caused by hot weather with the spread escalated by strong winds.[4] The fire in Đà Nẵng started on the top of a mountain, which posed a challenge for firefighters accessing the scene added by strong winds and sunny weather. It was brought under control three hours later on 7 July with the incident remain under investigation.[1] One of the fires occurred on 5 August in Thừa Thiên-Huế Province is caused by people offering of burned incense and joss paper that were spread by strong winds to nearby vegetation consisting of pine trees with the authorities taking two hours to stop the fires before the fire started again at 7.30pm.[5] While the investigation on the fires in Hà Tĩnh is resolved with the arrest of a local Vietnamese man for accidentally causing the fire while burning rubbish in his home area located near the forest.[2][3]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Forest fire ravages Danang". Vietnam Net. Dantri News. 8 July 2019. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  2. ^ a b Duc Hung (2 July 2019). "Man held for accidentally causing forest fire in central Vietnam". VnExpress. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  3. ^ a b Thu Vân (4 July 2019). "Invest now to limit destruction from wildfires". Việt Nam News. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d "Central region continues to suffer summer heat". Việt Nam News. 23 June 2019. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  5. ^ a b Võ Thạnh (5 August 2019). "Rừng thông ở Huế bốc cháy do người dân đốt vàng mã" [The pine forest in Huế caught fire due to the people burning of the offerings] (in Vietnamese). VnExpress. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  6. ^ a b "Forest fires continue to affect central region". Dantri News. 9 July 2019. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  7. ^ a b Vo Thanh; Duc Hung (29 June 2019). "Central Vietnam tackles forest fires on war footing". VnExpress. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  8. ^ "Forest fires threaten 500kV power line in central Vietnam". Saigon Times. Voice of Vietnam. 30 June 2019. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  9. ^ "North-central Vietnam's forests engulfed in five wildfires in one day". Tuổi Trẻ. 29 June 2019. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  10. ^ a b c d "Forest fires ravage Hà Tĩnh". Việt Nam News. 1 July 2019. Retrieved 17 August 2019.

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