wanweipedia

2019 in politics and government

Years in politics and government: 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Centuries: 20th century · 21st century · 22nd century
Decades: 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s 2020s 2030s 2040s
Years: 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022

Events pertaining to world affairs in 2019, national politics, public policy, government, world economics, and international business, that took place in various nations, regions, organizations, around the world in 2019.

Events

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

  • August 1
  • August 2
  • August 5
  • August 7
    • The Singapore Convention on Mediation, also known as the UN Convention on International Settlement Agreements Resulting from Mediation, comes into effect with 46 countries ratifying it. States that have ratified the treaty will have to ensure that international commercial settlement agreements are enforced by their courts.[54]
  • August 9
    • Data shows that the UK economy shrank by 0.2% in the second quarter of 2019, its first contraction since 2012, according to the Office for National Statistics .[55][56]
    • A major power blackout hits parts of England and Wales, affecting nearly a million people and causing widespread travel disruption.[57]
    • The deputy prime minister of Italy and leader of the League, Matteo Salvini, called for new elections, and announced a no-confidence vote on the government backed by his party in a coalition with the Five Star Movement.[58][59]
  • August 10
  • August 11
    • NYSE drops more than 1%, due to concerns about possible trade war.[61]
    • Argentina's President Mauricio Macri loses a primary vote by a landslide, suggesting possible defeat in October's presidential election. Widespread public discontent is attributed to the country's economic situation, i.e. recession, austerity and inflation at more than 50%.[62]
    • Alejandro Giammattei wins the second round of the 2019 Guatemalan presidential election.[63]
  • August 12
    • Trump Administration announces it will delay its proposal for 10 percent tariffs slated to take effect Sep 1 on certain consumer goods from China while exempting other products — less than two weeks after Trump announced the new proposed tariffs.[64]
    • 2019–2020 Japan–South Korea trade dispute: South Korea announces the removal of Japan from its list of most trusted trading partners, effective on September 18.[65][66][67]
  • August 14
    • Main yield curve for US Treasury bonds inverts, as the yield rate for 2-year bonds rises higher than the yield rate for 10-year bonds.[68]
    • Dow Jones plunges more than 500 points, due to concerns over the yield curve inversion.[69][70][71]
    • Germany's economy is announced to have contracted in 2nd quarter, April to June 2019.[72]
  • August 15
    • European Central Bank shuts down PNB Banka after ruling it had become insolvent; this bank was previously called Norvik Banka and was Latvia's sixth-largest lender, and was a critic of the Baltic country's financial authorities.[73]
  • August 21
  • August 22 – US manufacturer growth slows, according to US manufacturing purchasing managers’ index.[76]
  • August 24 –
    • The 45th G7 summit was held on August 24–26, 2019, in Biarritz, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France.[77][78] In March 2014, the G7 declared that a meaningful discussion was currently not possible with Russia in the context of the G8. Since then, meetings have continued within the G7 process. However, according to a senior administration official, Donald Trump and Emmanuel Macron had agreed that Russia should be invited to the next G7 Summit to be held in 2020.[79] Five points were agreed at the issue of the summit, about:[80]
      • the World Trade Organization, "with regard to intellectual property protection, to settle disputes more swiftly and to eliminate unfair trade practices"[81]
      • the "G7 commits to reaching an agreement in 2020 to simplify regulatory barriers and modernize international taxation within the framework of the OECD"[81]
      • the G7 shares objectives on Iran: "to ensure that Iran never acquires nuclear weapons and to foster peace and stability in the region."[81]
      • on Libya: "We support a truce in Libya that will lead to a long-term ceasefire. We believe that only a political solution can ensure Libya’s stability. We call for a well-prepared international conference to bring together all the stakeholders and regional actors relevant to this conflict. We support in this regard the work of the United Nations and the African Union to set up an inter-Libyan conference."[82]
      • in an opaque reference to the Russian military intervention in Ukraine (2014–present), "France and Germany will organize a Normandy format summit in the coming weeks to achieve tangible results."[81]
      • in light of the 2019–20 Hong Kong protests, "The G7 reaffirms the existence and the importance of the 1984 Sino-British agreement on Hong Kong and calls for avoiding violence."[83]

September

  • September 2 – In a speech outside 10 Downing Street, Boris Johnson states his opposition to calling a general election, and urges MPs not to vote for "another pointless delay" to Brexit.[84]
  • September 3
    • Pound sterling falls below $1.20, its lowest level since October 2016, before recovering the day's losses.[85]
    • The Conservative Party government of the UK loses its majority in the House of Commons after Conservative MP Phillip Lee crosses the floor to join the Liberal Democrats.[86]
    • Boris Johnson loses a key Brexit vote, as MPs opposed to no deal take control of House of Commons business, by a majority of 328 to 301. Johnson responds by telling MPs he will now push for an October general election.[87]
  • September 4
    • Italy's incoming Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte to present a new government of the anti-establishment Five Star Movement and former centre-left foes after nearly a month of crisis.[88]
    • A bill intended to block the possibility of the UK leaving the EU without a deal passes its first Commons vote by 329 to 300.[89]
    • UK MPs reject Boris Johnson's motion to call a snap general election for October, failing to achieve the two-thirds Commons majority needed under the Fixed-term Parliaments Act, in a vote of 298 to 56. Labour MPs abstain from the vote.[90]
  • September 6
    • The bill designed to prevent a no deal Brexit is passed by the UK House of Lords.[91]
    • Opposition parties in the UK agree not to back any further government calls for a general election in mid-October.[91]
    • The UK High Court rejects a case brought by anti-Brexit campaigner Gina Miller over the suspension of parliament, ruling that it is lawful.[92]
  • September 8
  • September 9
  • September 10 – The UK Parliament is suspended amid unprecedented protests from opposition MPs, who hold up signs in the House of Commons and refuse to back the suspension.[96]
  • September 16
    • Top Democrats says they are waiting for President Trump to state what gun-control legislation he might be willing to approve.[97]
  • September 17
  • September 20
  • September 24
  • September 25
    • Speaker John Bercow of UK House of Commons opens the first sitting of Parliament with a statement from the chair: he welcomed MPs back to work and informed the House that consequent to the Supreme Court ruling, the Hansard record of the prorogation ceremony would be expunged and corrected to reflect the House as adjourned instead, and that the Royal Assent that had been signified to the Parliamentary Buildings (Restoration and Renewal Act) during the ceremony would be re-signified.[108] UK Attorney-General Cox defended the advice he gave to Johnson as being "in good faith", and distanced himself from comments from Conservative MPs which attacked the independence of the judiciary; specifically, Rees-Mogg's description of the ruling as a "constitutional coup".[109]
  • September 28

October

November

December

History by region or by world issue

Note: This section is provided for issue-based overviews in narrative format, if desired.

Climate change

In December 2019, the World Meteorological Organization released its annual climate report revealing that climate impacts are worsening.[242] They found the global sea temperatures are rising as well as land temperatures worldwide. 2019 is the last year in a decade that is the warmest on record.[243]

Global carbon emissions hit a record high in 2019, even though the rate of increase slowed somewhat, according to a report from Global Carbon Project.[244]

Banking and finance

In the first half of 2019, global debt levels reached a record high of $250 trillion, led by the US and China.[245] The IMF warned about corporate debt.[245] The European Central Bank raised concerns as well.[246]

EU banking

Concerns increased about the European Debt Crisis as both Greece and Italy continued to have high levels of public debt. This caused concerned about stability of the Euro. In December 2019, the EU announced that banking ministers from EU member nations had failed to reach agreement over proposed banking reforms and systemic change.[247][248] The EU was concerned about high rates of debt in France, Italy and Spain.[249] Italy objected to proposed new debt bailout rules that were proposed to be added to the European Stability Mechanism.[250]

Foreign policy

Yemen conflict

In April 2019, Trump vetoed a bipartisan bill which would have ended US support for the Saudi-led military intervention.[251] With 53 votes instead of the 67 needed, the United States Senate failed to override the veto.[252] The legal arguments and policies of the Obama administration were cited as justification for the veto.[253] The US Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense Michael Mulroy stated that US support was limited to side-by-side coaching to mitigate civilian casualties and if the measure had passed it would do nothing to help the people of Yemen and may only increase civilian deaths.[254] Mulroy supported the United Nation's peace talks and he pushed the international community to come together and chart a comprehensive way ahead for Yemen.[255][256][257] Writing in The Nation, Mohamad Bazzi argued that Mulroy's defence of US support as necessary to limit civilian casualties was false, and that "Saudi leaders and their allies have ignored American entreaties to minimize civilian casualties since the war’s early days".[258]

World trade

US-China Trade Dispute

A trade dispute between the US and China caused economic concerns worldwide. In December 2019, various US officials said a trade deal was likely before a proposed round of new tariffs took effect on December 15, 2019.[259] US tariffs had a negative effect on China's economy, which slowed to growth of 6%.[259]

United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement

The United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement [260] is a signed but not ratified free trade agreement between Canada, Mexico, and the United States. The Agreement is the result of a 2017–2018 renegotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) by its member states.[261] Negotiations "focused largely on auto exports, steel and aluminum tariffs, and the dairy, egg, and poultry markets." One provision "prevents any party from passing laws that restrict the cross-border flow of data".[262] Compared to NAFTA, USMCA increases environmental and labour regulations, and incentivizes more domestic production of cars and trucks.[263] The agreement also provides updated intellectual property protections, gives the United States more access to Canada's dairy market, imposes a quota for Canadian and Mexican automotive production, and increases the duty free limit for Canadians who buy U.S. goods online from $20 to $150.[264]

See also

Overviews

WikiProject WikiProject—Wikiproject Politics

Countries

Specific events and situations

Category

References

  1. ^ "Abdication of Muhammad V as King of Malaysia".
  2. ^ 100 years today since first Dáil sat Irish Examiner, January 21, 2019.
  3. ^ "Tengku Abdullah to be proclaimed Pahang sultan on Jan 15". MalaysiaKini. January 12, 2019. Retrieved July 5, 2019.
  4. ^ "Sierra Leona prohíbe con 'efecto inmediato' la mutilación genital femenina" [Sierra Leone prohibits female genital mutilation, 'effective immediately'], El Pais (in Spanish), Mardrid, January 29, 2019
  5. ^ "Nayib Bukele declares victory in El Salvador's elections". Al Jazeera News. February 4, 2019.
  6. ^ "The MP Matthieu Orphelin, close to Nicolas Hulot, announces that he leaves the group LREM" (in French). France Info. February 6, 2019. Retrieved February 13, 2019.
  7. ^ "Spain's parliament rejects 2019 budget proposal". POLITICO. February 13, 2019. Retrieved March 3, 2019.
  8. ^ "Nigeria Presidential Elections Results 2019". BBC News. February 26, 2019.
  9. ^ "Senegal election: President Macky Sall wins second term", BBC News, February 28, 2019, retrieved August 10, 2019
  10. ^ "Cuba's new constitution paves way for same-sex marriage". The Guardian. July 23, 2018.
  11. ^ Brexit: MPs vote to reject no-deal Brexit, bbc.com, March 13, 2019.
  12. ^ "Prime Minister says NZ gun laws will change in wake of Christchurch terror attack". Stuff. March 16, 2019. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
  13. ^ "Veteran Kazakh leader Nazarbayev resigns after three decades in power". Reuters. March 19, 2019. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  14. ^ "Nursultan: Kazakhstan renames capital Astana after ex-president". BBC. March 20, 2019. Retrieved March 20, 2019.
  15. ^ Chan, Kelvin; Casert, Raf (March 20, 2019). "Europe fines Google $1.7 billion in antitrust case". AP. Retrieved March 20, 2019.
  16. ^ "Michel Temer: Brazil ex-president arrested in corruption probe". BBC. Retrieved March 22, 2019.
  17. ^ "NSW state election 2019: Coalition wins majority government". The Guardian. March 25, 2019. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  18. ^ "Islamic State group defeated as final territory lost, US-backed forces say", BBC News, March 23, 2019, retrieved March 23, 2019
  19. ^ "Brexit march: '1 million' rally for people's vote - live updates", The Guardian, March 23, 2019, retrieved March 23, 2019
  20. ^ "There almost certainly weren't a million people on the People's Vote march". Full Fact. Retrieved April 13, 2019.
  21. ^ Chan, Holmes (March 31, 2019). "In Pictures: 12,000 Hongkongers march in protest against 'evil' China extradition law, organisers say". Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
  22. ^ "Algerian president Abdelaziz Bouteflika resigns after 20 years". The Guardian. April 2, 2019. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
  23. ^ "N.K. leader re-elected as chairman of State Affairs Commission". Yonhap. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
  24. ^ Zunita Putri (May 21, 2019). "KPU Tetapkan Jokowi-Ma'ruf Pemenang Pilpres 2019". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved May 21, 2019.
  25. ^ "Old age, poor health caused deaths of poll administrators: Indonesia government". The Straits Times. May 12, 2019. Retrieved May 14, 2019.
  26. ^ "El PSOE lidera España". El Periódico de Catalunya (in Spanish). April 29, 2019. Retrieved May 4, 2019.
  27. ^ "Spain election: Socialists win amid far-right breakthrough". BBC News. Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  28. ^ "Japan's new Emperor Naruhito pledges unity". BBC News. May 1, 2019. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
  29. ^ Ivana Sekularac; Kole Casule (May 4, 2019). "North Macedonia's pro-Western candidate wins presidential vote". Reuter's. Retrieved November 2, 2019.
  30. ^ "Xavier Espot jura el càrrec de cap de Govern". govern.ad (in Catalan). Retrieved May 19, 2019.
  31. ^ "Brexit: Jeremy Corbyn says cross-party talks have 'gone as far as they can'". BBC News. May 17, 2019. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
  32. ^ "Election 2019: Coalition secures 77 seats as Liberals win Wentworth, Chisholm, Boothby and Bass". ABC News. May 20, 2019. Archived from the original on May 19, 2019. Retrieved May 19, 2019.
  33. ^ "Live-Ticker: Hochspannung vor Kurz' Statement, Neuwahl laut FPÖ-Kreisen fix". Kurier. May 18, 2019. Retrieved May 18, 2019.
  34. ^ Becky Dale and Christine Jeavans (May 24, 2019). "India general election 2019: What happened?". BBC News. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
  35. ^ "Lithuania's Nauseda wins presidential election". Euractiv. May 27, 2019. Retrieved November 2, 2019.
  36. ^ "German politician Lübcke shot in head at close range". BBC. June 3, 2019. Retrieved June 5, 2019.
  37. ^ "Toqaev Inaugurated As Kazakhstan's President Amid New Arrests". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. June 12, 2019. Retrieved November 2, 2019.
  38. ^ "Hundreds Injured In Georgia Clashes". Radio Free Europe. June 21, 2019. Retrieved June 21, 2019.
  39. ^ Kissima Diagana (June 26, 2019). "Mauritania opposition candidates challenge presidential election result". Reuters. Retrieved November 2, 2019.
  40. ^ "European elections 2019: what's next? (infographic)". European Parliament. April 30, 2019. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
  41. ^ EU Parliament overview
  42. ^ "Boris Johnson: May bidding farewell before new PM takes office". BBC News. July 24, 2019. Retrieved July 24, 2019.
  43. ^ "Boris Johnson overhauls cabinet on first day as PM". BBC News. July 24, 2019. Retrieved July 24, 2019.
  44. ^ Muere un centenar de civiles en bombardeos sobre Siria y el mundo lo ignora Retrieved November 1, 2019
  45. ^ "Federal Reserve cuts interest rates by 0.25% – its first in a decade", The Guardian, July 31, 2019, retrieved July 31, 2019
  46. ^ Elinor Aspregen (August 2, 2019). "The Arctic's ice sheet is melting at a rapid rate: 11 billion tons in one day". USA Today. Retrieved August 2, 2019.
  47. ^ "Brexit: £2.1bn extra for no-deal planning". BBC News. August 1, 2019. Retrieved August 1, 2019.
  48. ^ "Brecon and Radnorshire by-election: Lib Dems beat Conservatives". BBC News. August 2, 2019. Retrieved August 2, 2019.
  49. ^ "US formally withdraws from nuclear treaty with Russia and prepares to test new missile". CNN. August 2, 2019.
  50. ^ "Japan removes South Korea from preferred trade status, raising tensions". Marketwatch. August 2, 2019.
  51. ^ "Article 370: India strips disputed Kashmir of special status". BBC. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
  52. ^ "India revokes disputed Kashmir's special status with rush decree". Al Jazeera. August 5, 2019.
  53. ^ "Flights canceled, major roads blocked as Hong Kong protests escalate". CNN. August 5, 2019.
  54. ^ Wong, Cara (August 7, 2019). "46 countries sign international mediation treaty named after Singapore". The Straits Times.
  55. ^ "UK economy shrinks for the first time since 2012". BBC News. August 9, 2019. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
  56. ^ "Recession fears grow as UK economy shrinks on back of Brexit chaos". The Guardian. August 9, 2019. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
  57. ^ "Major power failure affects homes and transport". BBC News. August 9, 2019. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
  58. ^ "Italy's Matteo Salvini calls for fresh elections as coalition fractures". The Guardian. August 9, 2019. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
  59. ^ Economic consequences of Italy's political crisis, August 9, 2019, france24.com
  60. ^ "UKIP: Richard Braine elected as party leader". BBC News. BBC. August 10, 2019. Retrieved August 10, 2019.
  61. ^ U.S. Stocks Slide as Treasury Rally Stokes Angst: Markets Wrap, By Sarah Ponczek and Olivia Rinaldi August 11, 2019, bloomberg.com.
  62. ^ Macri’s Shock Setback in Argentina Deals Blow to Re-Election Bid, By Patrick Gillespie , Jorgelina Do Rosario , and Carolina Millan, August 11, 2019. bloomberg.com.
  63. ^ "Guatemala conservative wins presidential election: electoral tribunal". Reuters. August 11, 2019. Retrieved November 2, 2019.
  64. ^ Trump blinks as trade war threatens consumers, By Sylvan Lane, 08/13/19, thehill.com
  65. ^ "S.Korea removes Japan from whitelist of trusted export partners". Xinhua. August 12, 2019.
  66. ^ Ji-hye, Shin (September 17, 2019). "Japan officially removed from South Korea's whitelist". The Korea Herald.
  67. ^ "South Korea drops Japan from 'white list' in trade row". The Straits Times. September 17, 2019.
  68. ^ Main yield curve inverts as 2-year yield tops 10-year rate, triggering recession warning, August 13, 2019, cnbc.com
  69. ^ Dow plunges 750 points after bond market flashes a recession warning, Citigroup tanks 5%, WED, August 14, 2019, cnbc.com.
  70. ^ Dow tumbles 700 points as US and UK yield curves invert, and German recession looms – business live, guardian.com
  71. ^ Dow drops 800 points, marking worst day for stock market this year, by Bill Hutchinson, ABC News, August 14, 2019.
  72. ^ German economy slips back into negative growth, August 14, 2019, bbc.com
  73. ^ [1], by Martin Arnold, August 16, 2019, ft.com.
  74. ^ Jessie Yeung; Abel Alvaredo (August 21, 2019), "Brazil's Amazon rainforest is burning at a record rate, research center says", CNN, retrieved August 21, 2019
  75. ^ Livia Borghese; Ivana Kottasova (August 21, 2019), "Italy's Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte resigns, attacks Salvini as 'irresponsible'", CNN, retrieved August 21, 2019
  76. ^ Manufacturing sector contracts for the first time in nearly a decade, cnbc.com, August 22, 2019.
  77. ^ "France's action at the G20 and the G7". diplomatie.gouv.fr. Retrieved June 9, 2018. France will preside over the G7 in 2019
  78. ^ "Trump trade fury torpedoes Canada's G7 summit". France 24. June 9, 2018.
  79. ^ CNN. "Trump and Macron agree that Russia should be invited to next year's G7 conference, senior admin official says". CNN.
  80. ^ "US President Donald Trump says he believes China sincerely seeks a trade deal". South China Morning Post. August 26, 2019.
  81. ^ a b c d "News Analysis: G7 summit declaration cannot conceal deep U.S.-EU rift". xinhuanet. August 27, 2019.
  82. ^ "Biarritz G7 summit non-binding declaration on Libya calls for truce, political solution and conference". Libya Herald. August 27, 2019.
  83. ^ "G7 leaders back HK autonomy, urge calm". rthk.hk. August 27, 2019.
  84. ^ "Brexit: PM urges MPs to back him to avoid election". BBC News. September 2, 2019. Retrieved September 2, 2019.
  85. ^ "Pound volatile in further Brexit turmoil". BBC News. September 3, 2019. Retrieved September 3, 2019.
  86. ^ "Brexit: Tory MP defects ahead of crucial no-deal vote". BBC News. September 3, 2019. Retrieved September 3, 2019.
  87. ^ "Brexit: No-deal opponents defeat government". BBC News. September 3, 2019. Retrieved September 3, 2019.
  88. ^ Italy's Conte set to unveil new cabinet, france24.com
  89. ^ "Brexit: MPs back bill to block no deal". BBC News. September 4, 2019. Retrieved September 4, 2019.
  90. ^ "Boris Johnson's call for general election rejected by MPs". BBC News. September 4, 2019. Retrieved September 4, 2019.
  91. ^ a b "Brexit: Opposition parties to reject PM election move". BBC News. BBC. September 6, 2019. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  92. ^ "Brexit: Decision to suspend Parliament ruled lawful by High Court". BBC News. BBC. September 6, 2019. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  93. ^ "Abkhazia: court confirms victory of Khajimba in presidential elections despite opposition protest", JAM News, September 20, 2019, retrieved November 2, 2019
  94. ^ "Commons Speaker John Bercow to stand down". BBC News. BBC. September 9, 2019.
  95. ^ "No-deal Brexit officially blocked in law". Metro. September 9, 2019. Retrieved September 9, 2019.
  96. ^ "Brexit: Protests as five-week Parliament suspension begins". BBC News. BBC. September 10, 2019. Retrieved September 10, 2019.
  97. ^ Democrats tell Trump that stronger background checks are a must in any gun-control bill, September 15, 2019.
  98. ^ Feller, Madison (September 17, 2019). "The World Is Burning, and Teens Are Fighting: What to Know About the Global Climate Strike". Elle. Retrieved September 19, 2019.
  99. ^ Milman, Oliver (September 20, 2019). "US to stage its largest ever climate strike: 'Somebody must sound the alarm'". The Guardian. Retrieved September 20, 2019.
  100. ^ Tollefson, Jeff (September 18, 2019). "The hard truths of climate change — by the numbers". Nature. 573 (7774): 324–327. Bibcode:2019Natur.573..324T. doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02711-4. PMID 31534259.
  101. ^ "Inside The Youth-Led Plan To Pull Off The Biggest Climate Strike So Far". MTV News. Retrieved September 19, 2019.
  102. ^ Weise, Elizabeth (September 19, 2019). "'It's our future that's at stake': US students plan to skip school Friday to fight climate 'emergency'". USA Today.
  103. ^ BBC coverage of climate protests.
  104. ^ Bowcott, Owen (September 24, 2019). "Boris Johnson's suspension of parliament unlawful, supreme court rules". The Guardian. Retrieved September 24, 2019.
  105. ^ "Supreme Court: Suspending Parliament was unlawful, judges rule". BBC News. September 24, 2019. Retrieved September 24, 2019.
  106. ^ R (Miller) (Appellant) v The Prime Minister (Respondent) and Cherry & Ors (Respondents) v Advocate General for Scotland (Appellant) (Scotland), [2019] UKSC 41 (September 24, 2019).
  107. ^ UN main website.
  108. ^ "Speaker's Statement". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). 664. Parliament of the United Kingdom: House of Commons. September 25, 2019. col. 651.
  109. ^ Honeycomb-Foster, Matt (September 25, 2019). "Attorney General slaps down Jacob Rees-Mogg over claim Supreme Court launched 'constitutional coup'". PoliticsHome.
  110. ^ a b "Peru's president dissolves Congress to push through anti-corruption reforms". The Guardian. October 1, 2019. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved October 1, 2019.
  111. ^ "The first cannabis cafe in the United States opens", CNN, October 1, 2019, retrieved October 1, 2019
  112. ^ Scottie Andrew (October 1, 2019), "Some teachers in Florida can carry guns inside classrooms now", CNN, retrieved October 2, 2019
  113. ^ "Homeless deaths in 2018 rise at highest level – ONS". The Guardian. October 1, 2019. Retrieved October 1, 2019.
  114. ^ "UK weather: Torrential rain brings floods across Britain". BBC News. October 1, 2019. Retrieved October 1, 2019.
  115. ^ "Giffords and March For Our Lives Team Up to Host Nation's First Presidential Forum on Gun Safety", Giffords.org, August 1, 2019, retrieved September 21, 2019
  116. ^ John Sandler (October 2, 2019), "At Las Vegas gun safety forum, Democrats renew call for stricter measures", Las Vegas Sun
  117. ^ "Senate Democrats ask the IRS to consider stripping the NRA of its tax-exempt status", NBC News, October 2, 2019, retrieved October 2, 2019
  118. ^ Jake Johnson (October 3, 2019), "'Stunning Rebuke to Predatory Wall Street Megabanks' as California Gov. Signs Law Allowing Creation of Public Banks", Common Dreams, retrieved October 3, 2019
  119. ^ "10 Arrested in Anti-Drone Protest at Nevada's Creech Air Force Base", Democracy Now!, October 3, 2019, retrieved October 4, 2019
  120. ^ "Government publishes Brexit proposals". BBC News. October 2, 2019. Retrieved October 2, 2019.
  121. ^ "Parliament to be prorogued next Tuesday". BBC News. BBC. October 2, 2019. Retrieved October 2, 2019.
  122. ^ SUSAN MONTOYA BRYAN; FELICIA FONSECA (October 3, 2019), "Finland agrees to return Native American remains to tribes", AP News, retrieved October 3, 2019
  123. ^ "CNN says it won't air a Trump campaign ad featuring 'false' claim against Biden", Yahoo! News, October 3, 2019, retrieved October 3, 2019
  124. ^ JOE CONCHA (October 4, 2019), "Fox rejects Biden request to not run Trump campaign ad", The Hill
  125. ^ DAVID RIND (October 4, 2019), "'Start Here': Trump asks Ukraine and China for Biden probe, Vegas has settlement, N. Korea talks", ABC News, retrieved October 4, 2019
  126. ^ "IRS Whistleblower: Treasury Official Tried to Interfere with Trump or Pence Tax Audit", Democracy Now!, October 4, 2019
  127. ^ CARLO PIOVANO; LORNE COOK (October 3, 2019), "US-Europe dispute threatens main artery of world trade", AP, retrieved October 4, 2019
  128. ^ Tom Burt (October 4, 2019), "Recent cyberattacks require us all to be vigilant", Microsoft, retrieved October 4, 2019
  129. ^ Jake Johnson (October 5, 2019), "Merging 'Loyalty to the Oil Industry' and 'Grudge Against California,' Trump Opens 725,000 Acres to Fossil Fuel Drilling", Common Dreams, retrieved October 5, 2019
  130. ^ WESLEY MORGAN (October 4, 2019), "U.S. strikes in Afghanistan have increased on Trump's orders, Esper says", Politico
  131. ^ "Brexit: Boris Johnson will send extension letter – court document". BBC News. BBC. October 4, 2019. Retrieved October 4, 2019.
  132. ^ SOCIALIST VICTORY Politico retrieved November 3, 2019
  133. ^ Anne Barnard (October 7, 2019). "Climate Change Protests: With Fake Blood, Extinction Rebellion Hits N.Y." The New York Times.
  134. ^ "Zimbabwe accuses U.S. of lying about diamond-mining forced labor". Freedom United. October 7, 2019. Retrieved October 13, 2019.
  135. ^ "Opposition Activists Protest Outside Mayor's Office In Baku". RFERL. October 8, 2019. Retrieved October 24, 2019.
  136. ^ "Brexit: Deal essentially impossible, No 10 source says after PM-Merkel call". BBC News. BBC. October 8, 2019. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
  137. ^ "Merkel ally says No 10's telephone call briefing probably part of anti-German blame game". The Guardian. October 8, 2019. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
  138. ^ "UK Parliament prorogation: Shutdown begins after calm ceremony as threat of no-deal Brexit looms". London Evening Standard. October 8, 2019. Retrieved October 9, 2019.
  139. ^ "Extinction Rebellion: Dublin activists block Irish parliament gates". BBC News. October 8, 2019. Retrieved October 11, 2019.
  140. ^ "Unpaid bills pile up in Trump rallies' wake". Politico. October 8, 2019. Retrieved October 14, 2019.
  141. ^ "Brexit: Special sitting for MPs to decide UK's future". BBC News. BBC. October 9, 2019. Retrieved October 9, 2019.
  142. ^ "AMs back renaming Welsh Assembly to Senedd Cymru and Welsh Parliament". BBC News. BBC. October 9, 2019. Retrieved October 9, 2019.
  143. ^ "Brexit: Boris Johnson and Leo Varadkar 'can see pathway to a deal'". BBC News. BBC. October 10, 2019. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
  144. ^ "Kevin McAleenan: US Homeland Security chief steps down". BBS News. October 11, 2019. Retrieved October 11, 2019.
  145. ^ Tunisians Seeking Change Get an Unlikely President Bloomberg, October 14, 2019
  146. ^ Eoin Higgins (October 14, 2019). "In Victory for People's Movement, Ecuador Protests End With Government Capitulation on Fuel Subsidies". Common Dreams. Retrieved October 14, 2019.
  147. ^ Dan Collyns (October 8, 2019). "Ecuador moves government out of capital as violent protests rage". The Guardian. Retrieved October 14, 2019.
  148. ^ PiS WINS, BUT ITS GRIP ON POWER IS WEAKENED Politico retrieved November 3, 2019
  149. ^ Jake Johnson (October 14, 2019). "Citing 'Moral Duty to Take Radical Action,' Over 700 Scientists Endorse Mass Civil Disobedience to Fight Climate Crisis". Common Dreams. Retrieved October 14, 2019.
  150. ^ Jake Johnson (October 14, 2019). "'Stop Funding Ecocide': Extinction Rebellion Protesters Target London Financial District". Common Dreams. Retrieved October 14, 2019.
  151. ^ "Mick Mulvaney announces G-7 will be held at Trump National Doral in Miami next year". CBS News. Retrieved October 20, 2019.
  152. ^ Romero, Dennis (October 19, 2019). "Trump says his Florida Doral resort will no longer host G-7 summit". NBC News.
  153. ^ EVA VERGARA (October 18, 2019). "Subway service in Chile's capital suspended as protest grows". AP News. Retrieved October 20, 2019.
  154. ^ Vivian Yee (October 18, 2019). "Lebanon Roiled by Second Day of Protests as Frustration Over Chronic Corruption Boils Over". The New York Times. Retrieved October 20, 2019.
  155. ^ Raphael Minder (October 18, 2019). "Catalonia Protesters, Slipping the Reins of Jailed Leaders, Grow More Radicalized". The New York Times. Retrieved October 20, 2019.
  156. ^ "People's Vote march: Jubilant scenes at 'final say' Brexit protest". BBC News. October 19, 2019.
  157. ^ "Marchan en Honduras en apoyo al presidente Juan Orlando Hernández" [March in Honduras in support of President Juan Orlando Hernandez]. La Jornanda (in Spanish). October 20, 2019.
  158. ^ "Mueren ocho personas calcinadas en protestas en Chile" [Eight people burn to death in protests in Chile]. El Universal (in Spanish). October 20, 2019.
  159. ^ Andrea Germanos (October 21, 2019), "Climate Urgency Fuels Historic Gains for Greens as Swiss Voters Deliver Rebuke to 'Toxic Far-Right Political Narrative'", Common Dreams
  160. ^ "Thousands protest against Haiti's president", Yahoo! News (AFP), October 21, 2019
  161. ^ Bolivia's Morales to call fresh election after OAS audit BBC News, November 10, 2019
  162. ^ SAMY MAGDY (October 21, 2019), "Thousands take to Sudan streets calling to disband overthrown leader's party", Global News
  163. ^ "Trudeau outlasts challengers to gain second term", Politico, October 22, 2019, retrieved October 22, 2019
  164. ^ "Erdogan, Putin hold talks as truce in Syria set to expire", Al Jazeera, October 22, 2019
  165. ^ "Full text of Turkey, Russia agreement on northeast Syria", Al Jazeera, October 22, 2019
  166. ^ "Israel's Netanyahu Era Has Finally Come to an End". Truth Out. October 22, 2019. Retrieved October 22, 2019.
  167. ^ "Rechazan en Tanzania ley que autoriza el matrimonio infantil" [Rejection of the law authorizing child marriage in Tanzania], Informador (in Spanish), October 23, 2019
  168. ^ FRANCISCO MARÍN (October 25, 2019). "Chile: Respaldo al movimiento ciudadano no para de crecer" [Chile: Backing for the citizens' movement does not fail to grow]. Proceso (in Spanish).
  169. ^ "Alberto Fernández gana la presidencia de Argentina en primera vuelta" [Alberto Fernandez wins the presidency of Argentina on the first round]. El Sol de Cuernavaca (in Spanish). October 27, 2019.
  170. ^ JUSTIN WISE (October 28, 2019), "Colombia capital elects first woman and lesbian as mayor", The Hill
  171. ^ Natasha Turak (October 29, 2019), "Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri says he will resign amid anti-government protests", CNBC
  172. ^ JULIEGRACE BRUFKE (October 29, 2019), "House votes to recognize Armenian genocide", The Hill
  173. ^ "Iraq: 18 dead and hundreds wounded in attacks on protesters in holy city of Karbala", Sky News, October 29, 2019
  174. ^ "Leaders in pre-election clash over NHS, Brexit and economy". BBC News. BBC. October 30, 2019. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
  175. ^ "North Korea fires 2 missiles amid stalled denuclearization talks, officials say". Fox News. October 31, 2019.
  176. ^ "Five Indigenous Leaders Massacred in Colombia; New Wave of Violence Feared as 2,500 Troops Deployed", Democracy Now!, November 1, 2019
  177. ^ "Jordan Recalls Ambassador to Israel After Jordanians Jailed Without Charge", Democracy Now!, November 1, 2019, retrieved November 2, 2019
  178. ^ MTHOKOZISI DUBE (November 1, 2019). "Botswana opposition leader questions election results, wants to challenge them court". IOL.
  179. ^ Greece toughens asylum rules as migrant arrivals rise Politico retrieved November 3, 2019
  180. ^ "Turkey threatens to send captured ISIS members back to home countries", The Hill, November 2, 2019, retrieved November 2, 2019
  181. ^ "Venezuela y El Salvador expulsan a representantes diplomáticos" [Venezuela and El Salvador expel diplomatic representatives], Aristegui Noticias (in Spanish), November 3, 2019
  182. ^ 18 female members of Parliament say they are resigning due to threats, abuse The Hill retrieved November 4, 2019
  183. ^ "At least 9 members of American family killed in Mexico, most of them kids", CBS News, November 5, 2019
  184. ^ PM Imran Khan's resignation minimum demand, says Azadi March leader India Today retrieved November 5, 2019
  185. ^ Democrat Andy Beshear Just Beat Republican Matt Bevin in the Kentucky Governor’s Race Mother Jones, retrieved November 5, 2019
  186. ^ a b Massive, Major Victories for Democrats in Virginia and Kentucky as Trump Fails to Deliver Wins for His GOP Candidates The New Civil Rights Movement retrieved November 5, 2019
  187. ^ Republican Tate Reeves wins a surprisingly close race, becoming Mississippi’s next governor Vox retrieved November 5, 2019
  188. ^ "Virginia Democrats take control of state legislature for first time in over two decades", NBC News, November 5, 2019
  189. ^ New Zealand Wins Global Praise for 'Historic' Law to Bring Net Carbon Emissions to Zero by 2050 Common Dreams, November 7, 2019
  190. ^ "Denuncia Evo Morales intento de golpe de Estado en Bolivia" [Evo Morales condemns attempted coup d'etat in Bolivia], Arestegui Noticias (in Spanish), November 9, 2019
  191. ^ 4 Syrian soldiers killed in clashes with Turkish-led forces ABC News, November 9, 2019
  192. ^ 2 Ugandans killed in Rwanda amid border tension November 10, 2019
  193. ^ "Evo Morales renuncia como presidente de Bolivia" [Evo Morales resigns as president of Bolivia]. Milenio (in Spanish). Monterrey. November 10, 2019.
  194. ^ Bolivian President Evo Morales resigns amid fraud poll protests BBC News, November 10, 2019
  195. ^ Bolivian president announces resignation amid accusations of election fraud NBC News, November 10, 2019
  196. ^ Jessie Yeung; Julia Hollingsworth (November 11, 2019). "Man set alight hours after Hong Kong protester shot by police as clashes erupt citywide". CNN International.
  197. ^ "Declaring State of Emergency, Venice Mayor Blames Climate Crisis for Historic Flooding", Common Dreams, November 13, 2019
  198. ^ Eoin Higgins (November 14, 2019), "'We Don't Want Any Dictators': Bolivians Flood Streets to Protest Right-Wing, Anti-Indigenous Coup", Common Dreams
  199. ^ 20 muertos en una nueva matanza en un poblado en el sur de Mali El Mundo, retrieved November 15, 2019
  200. ^ Sri Lanka to elect new president on Saturday India Today, November 15, 2019
  201. ^ While Warning of Nazi-Like Fascism and Corporate Crimes, Pope Francis Proposes Adding 'Ecological Sin' to Church Teachings Common Dreams, November 16, 2019
  202. ^ Pope Francis, the Revolutionary, Takes On the Traditionalists The Atlantic, October 27, 2019
  203. ^ The New York Times Just Published Leaked Documents Detailing China’s Brutal Crackdown on Muslims Mother Jones, November 16, 2019
  204. ^ Ivana Kottasová (November 16, 2019), "30 years after the Velvet Revolution, the Czechs are back on the streets", CNN World
  205. ^ Gubernatorial elections, 2019 Ballotpedia, retrieved November 17, 2019
  206. ^ Iran's 'largest internet shutdown ever' is happening now. Here's what you need to know By Tamara Qiblawi, CNN, November 18, 2019
  207. ^ Israeli settlements don't violate international law, U.S. says in major policy reversal NBC News, November 18, 2019
  208. ^ Benjamin Netanyahu indicted on charges of bribery, fraud and breach of trust NBC News, November 21, 2019
  209. ^ Hong Kong elections: Pro-democracy groups makes big gains, bb.com. November 23, 2019.
  210. ^ Hundreds of farmers drive tractors into Paris to protest government policies The Hill, November 27, 2019
  211. ^ "It is foolhardy for Hong Kong radicals to cheer American intervention". South China Morning Post. November 28, 2019."Protesters celebrate a victory after Trump signs Hong Kong human rights act". CNN World. November 28, 2019.
  212. ^ [2] Leah Asmelash, CNN World, December 1, 2019
  213. ^ Nato summit: Leaders meet for 70th anniversary amid rows BBC World News, Dec 4, 2019
  214. ^ ANNUAL NATO SUMMIT Associated Press, retrieved Dec 4, 2019
  215. ^ ‘I rejoice’: Finland forms government of five parties all led by women, with youngest prime minister in world Zoe Tidman, Independent, Dec 9, 2019
  216. ^ "'Solemn step': Democrats unveil articles of impeachment against Trump". The Guardian. December 10, 2019. Retrieved December 10, 2019.
  217. ^ "UK's post-Brexit trade at risk as WTO's top court shuts down". The Guardian. December 11, 2019. Retrieved December 11, 2019.
  218. ^ "U.S. trade offensive takes out WTO as global arbiter". Reuters. December 10, 2019. Retrieved December 11, 2019.
  219. ^ "Trump Cripples W.T.O. as Trade War Rages". New York Times. December 8, 2019. Retrieved December 11, 2019.
  220. ^ UK results: Conservatives win majority BBC News: Election 2019, retrieved Dec 16, 2019
  221. ^ Gobierno inicia proceso de consulta ciudadana e indígena para Tren Maya; se realizará el 15 diciembre Aristegui Noticias, November 15, 2019
  222. ^ Arturo Rodriguez Garcia (December 16, 2019), "A favor del Tren Maya el 92.3% de los consultados el fin de semana" [92.3% of those consulted this weekend voted in favor o the Tren Maya], Proceso (in Spanish)
  223. ^ Protests of India’s citizenship law grow, along with clashes EMILY SCHMALL & SHEIKH SAALIQ, Associated Press, Dec 17, 2019
  224. ^ By Gregg Re; Marisa Schultz (December 18, 2019), "House impeaches Trump over Ukraine dealings, as Pelosi floats holding up Senate trial", Fox News Jeremy Herb; Manu Raju (December 18, 2019), "House of Representatives impeaches President Donald Trump", CNN
  225. ^ VLADIMIR ISACHENKOV (December 20, 2019), "Is Russia eyeing Belarus takeover? Integration talks deepen", ABC News
  226. ^ "Macron says French forces killed 33 'terrorists' in Mali", Times of India, December 21, 2019
  227. ^ Patrick Oppmann; Ralph Ellis (December 21, 2019), "Cuba names Manuel Marrero Cruz prime minister. He's the first person to hold that position in 43 years", CNN World
  228. ^ "New Zealand collects more than 50K guns after assault weapon ban following mosque attack", Fox World News, December 21, 2019
  229. ^ Ken Dilanian (December 21, 2019), "Satellite photos show work on North Korean site linked to long-range missiles", NBC News
  230. ^ Alex Culbertson (December 23, 2019), "Saudi Arabia sentences five people to death over Khashoggi killing", Sky News Sarah Toce (December 23, 2019), "Five Men Punished for the Death of WaPo Journalist Jamal Khashoggi", New Civil Rights Movement
  231. ^ Sam Elliot (December 23, 2019), "Iran protests: '1,500 people, including 400 women, dead' after weeks of violence", Mirror "1,500 people said killed by Iranian security forces in protests", The Times of Israel, December 23, 2019
  232. ^ "Sudan inks peace deal with rebel faction, paves way for more", Yahoo! News/AP, December 24, 2019
  233. ^ ARSENE KABORE; Krista Larson (December 24, 2019). "35 civilians, 80 jihadists killed in attack in Burkina Faso". Associated Press.
  234. ^ "Iraqi President Barham Salih submits resignation". Gulf News. December 26, 2019. KHALID AL-ANSARY. "Iraqi President Barham Saleh Submits Resignation to Parliament Amid Deadly Protests, According to Reports". Time. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
  235. ^ Dave Graham; Daniel Ramos (December 25, 2019). "Mexico appeals to international court as diplomatic row with Bolivia intensifies". Reuters World News.
  236. ^ ABDI GULED (December 28, 2019). "Truck bomb in Somali capital kills at least 78 at rush hour". ABC News.
  237. ^ "Thousands march in Paris to protest pension reform plan". AP News. December 28, 2019.
  238. ^ "Algeria's newly elected president names a prime minister". AP News. December 28, 2019.
  239. ^ Polish PM accuses Putin of ‘deliberate’ lies in WWII spat By ZOSIA WANAT, Politico, Dec 23, 2019
  240. ^ Ex-Bosnian Serb general indicted for aiding genocide AP, Dec 31, 2019
  241. ^ "Militiamen breach US Embassy in Baghdad; Trump blames Iran". Associated Press. December 31, 2019.
  242. ^ Climate Change Is Accelerating, Bringing World ‘Dangerously Close’ to Irreversible Change, By Henry Fountain, Dec. 4, 2019, NY Times.
  243. ^ 2019 Ends Warmest Decade On Record, State Of The Global Climate Report Warns, iflscience.com
  244. ^ Global carbon emissions growth slows, but hits record high, December 3, 2019, Stanford University via phys.org.
  245. ^ a b Global debt surged to a record $250 trillion in the first half of 2019, led by the US and China, NOV 15 2019, Spriha Srivastava.
  246. ^ 45.6% Of Eurozone’s Corporate Debt Is BBB, POSTED BY: THE CORNER 23RD NOVEMBER 2019.
  247. ^ Eurozone ministers divided over banking union negotiations.
  248. ^ EU ministers fail to advance eurozone reforms, By RECORDER REPORT on December 6, 2019.
  249. ^ EU concerned over France, Italy and Spain debts By Beatriz Rios | EURACTIV.com Nov 21, 2019.
  250. ^ Italy Takes Issue With the ESM Proposals to reform the eurozone’s bailout fund are being hotly contested in Italy amid concerns that the ESM could set the country back on rebuilding finances after the sovereign debt crisis, by Lana Guggenheim.
  251. ^ Pilkington, Ed (April 17, 2019). "Dismay as Trump vetoes bill to end US support for war in Yemen". The Guardian. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
  252. ^ Demirjian, Karoun; Ryan, Missy (May 2, 2019). "Senate fails to override Trump's veto of resolution demanding end to U.S. involvement in Yemen war". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 4, 2019.
  253. ^ Olsen, Gunar (April 20, 2019). "Add Trump's Yemen Veto to Obama's Spotty War Legacy". The New Republic. Retrieved April 21, 2019.
  254. ^ "Air Force Magazine".
  255. ^ "Senate fails to override Trump's veto of resolution demanding end to U.S. involvement in Yemen war". Washington Post.
  256. ^ Demirjian, Karoun; Ryan, Missy; Post, The Washington (May 2, 2019). "Senate doesn't override Trump's veto of resolution demanding end to U.S. involvement in Yemen". StamfordAdvocate. Retrieved May 5, 2019.
  257. ^ Demirjian, Karoun; Ryan, Missy; Post, The Washington (May 2, 2019). "Senate doesn't override Trump's veto of resolution demanding end to US involvement in Yemen". The Hour.
  258. ^ Bazzi, Mohamad (May 17, 2019). "Both Saudi Arabia and the United States Are Probably Guilty of War Crimes in Yemen" – via www.thenation.com.
  259. ^ a b US, China trade deal expected before tariff increase: Report. Trump's 'off the cuff' comments not a sign talks are at an impasse. foxnews.com
  260. ^ "Agreement between the United States of America, the United Mexican States, and Canada Text". Government of the United States. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  261. ^ Dangerfield, Katie (August 30, 2018). "NAFTA deal reached: Canada, U.S., Mexico reach trade agreement under new name". Global News. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
  262. ^ "Are You Afraid of Google? BlackBerry Cofounder Jim Balsillie Says You Should Be". The Walrus. April 10, 2019.
  263. ^ National Post (December 3, 2018). "Labour, environment standards key to getting USMCA through: Canadian ambassador". National Post. Retrieved May 18, 2019.|url=
  264. ^ "USMCA v NAFTA: What's changed and what it means for IP in Canada | Smart & Biggar/Fetherstonhaugh". www.smart-biggar.ca. Retrieved January 27, 2019.

This page was last updated at 2021-06-12 20:37, update this pageView original page

All information on this site, including but not limited to text, pictures, etc., are reproduced on Wikipedia (wikipedia.org), following the . Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License


Top

If the math, chemistry, physics and other formulas on this page are not displayed correctly, please useFirefox or Safari