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2020 Slovak parliamentary election

Slovak parliamentary election 2020

← 2016 29 February 2020

All 150 seats in the National Council
76 seats needed for a majority
Turnout2,916,840 (65.80%)
Increase 5.98 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  IgorMatovic2020 (cropped).png Peter Pellegrini May 2019 (cropped).jpg
Leader Igor Matovič Peter Pellegrini Boris Kollár
Party OĽaNO–NOVA Smer–SD We Are Family
Leader since 2011 2018 2015
Last election 19 seats, 11.0% 49 seats, 28.3% 11 seats, 6.6%
Seats won 53 38 17
Seat change Increase34 Decrease11 Increase6
Popular vote 720,723 526,889 237,398
Percentage 25.0% 18.3% 8.2%
Swing Increase14.0 pp Decrease10.0 pp Increase1.6 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Marian Kotleba (portrait) (cropped).jpg Richard Sulík -2011- (cropped).jpg Andrej Kiska in Senate of Poland (cropped).jpg
Leader Marian Kotleba Richard Sulík Andrej Kiska
Party ĽSNS SaS For the People
Leader since 2010 2009 2019
Last election 14 seats, 8.0% 21 seats, 12.1% New party
Seats won 17 13 12
Seat change Increase3 Decrease8 Increase12
Popular vote 229,581 179,103 166,209
Percentage 8.0% 6.3% 5.8%
Swing Steady0.0 pp Decrease5.8 pp Increase5.8 pp

2020 Slovak legislative election - Vote Strength.svg
Results of the election, showing vote strength by district.

Prime Minister before election

Peter Pellegrini
Smer–SD

Prime Minister-designate

TBD

Parliamentary elections were held in Slovakia on 29 February 2020. All 150 members of the National Council were elected and the leader of the resultant government party or coalition will become the Prime Minister.

Background

Direction Social Democracy won a plurality of seats in the 2016 election and formed a coalition government with nationalist Slovak National Party, inter-ethnic Most-Híd and centre-right Network. Incumbent prime minister Robert Fico remained in office[1] until 2018 when Peter Pellegrini took over.

The 2019 European Parliament election in Slovakia[2] took place on 25 May 2019.

Electoral system

The 150 members of the National Council will be elected by proportional representation in a single nationwide constituency with an electoral threshold of 5% for single parties, and 7% for coalition groupings with at least two parties. The elections use the open list system, with seats allocated using the Hagenbach-Bischoff system. Voters will be able to cast up to four preferential votes for candidates on the list of the party they voted for.[3]

All participating parties must register 90 days before election day and pay a deposit of €17,000, which will be refunded to all parties gaining 2% or more of the vote. All Slovak citizens are allowed to vote except for convicted felons in prison (only those who were convicted for serious offences), people declared ineligible to perform legal acts by court and citizens under 18 years of age. All citizens, who are 21 years of age or older and are permanent residents of Slovakia, are allowed to run as candidates except for prisoners, convicted felons and those declared ineligible to perform legal acts by court.[4]

Voters not present in their electoral district at the time of the elections are allowed to request a voting certificate (voličský preukaz), which allows them to vote in any district regardless of their residency.[5] Voters abroad on election day are allowed to request a postal vote.[6] According to the Central Election Committee approx. 20,000 Slovak citizens abroad have requested a postal vote during the last election. The deadline for requests passed on 10 January 2020.

Leadership changes

The Christian Democratic Movement (KDH) and Party of the Hungarian Community (SMK-MKP) were two parties which couldn't pass the 5 percent threshold to the parliament in 2016 but further gained more than 4% (KDH got 4,9 percent, while SMK-MKP got 4,1 percent). KDH lost all of its 16 seats while SMK-MKP haven't gained any. Leader of the KDH, Ján Figeľ, announced his resignation few days after 2016 election. He was then replaced by Alojz Hlina on 11 June 2016.[7] Leadership of the SMK-MKP, which was led by József Berényi, was taken over by József Menyhárt on 11 June 2016.[8]

On 12 August 2016, incumbent leader of coalition party Network (SIEŤ), Radoslav Procházka, announced that he had no further intention to lead his party after a disastrous result in the election. A day later on 13 August at the party convention, it was decided that the new leader of the party would be Roman Brecely, his fellow party member and incumbent minister of transportation. He was the only candidate to stand up for the post although he didn't intend to run for the office.[9]

On 15 March 2018, Robert Fico announced his resignation as Prime Minister of Slovakia which the President Andrej Kiska accepted. Peter Pellegrini, currently Deputy Prime Minister for Investment & Informatization, has become the new Prime Minister of the Slovak Republic. Fico has remained the leader of Direction – Social Democracy, and kept his parliamentary mandate. Pellegrini's cabinet was appointed on 22 March 2018.

Opinion polls

30 day average trend line (15 day average from 2016-03-05, 30 days before 2023 election) of Slovak polls towards the election in 2020, each line corresponds to a political party.

Results

Results of the election, showing vote strength for each party by district.
Slovaquie Conseil national 2020.svg
Party Votes % Swing Seats +/–
OĽANONOVA–KU–ZMENA ZDOLA 721,166 25.02 +13.99 53 +34
Direction – Social Democracy 527,172 18.29 –9.99 38 –11
We Are Family 237,531 8.24 +1.61 17 +6
Kotleba – People's Party Our Slovakia 229,660 7.97 –0.07 17 +3
Progressive SlovakiaSPOLU 200,780 6.96 New 0 New
Freedom and Solidarity 179,246 6.22 –5.88 13 –8
For the People 166,325 5.77 New 12 New
Christian Democratic Movement 134,099 4.65 –0.29 0 0
Party of the Hungarian Community 112,662 3.90 –0.15 0 0
Slovak National Party 91,171 3.16 –5.48 0 –15
Good Choice 88,220 3.06 New 0 New
VLASŤ 84,507 2.93 New 0 New
Most–Híd 59,174 2.05 –4.45 0 –11
Socialisti.sk 15,925 0.55 New 0 New
MÁME TOHO DOSŤ! 9,260 0.32 New 0 New
Slovak People's Party of Andrej Hlinka 8,191 0.28 New 0 New
Democratic Party 4,194 0.14 –0.13 0 0
Solidarity – Working Poverty Movement 3,296 0.11 New 0 New
Mayors and Independents 2,018 0.07 New 0 New
Slovak Revival Movement 1,966 0.06 New 0 New
Voice of the Right 1,887 0.06 New 0 New
Práca slovenského národa 1,261 0.04 New 0 New
99 Percent – Civic Voice 991 0.03 New 0 New
Slovak League 809 0.02 New 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 35,329
Total 2,916,840 100 0 150 0
Registered voters/turnout 4,432,419 65.80
Source: Volby
Popular vote
OĽANO–NOVA
25.02%
SMER–SD
18.29%
RODINA
8.24%
KOTLEBA–ĽSNS
7.97%
PS-SPOLU
6.96%
SaS
6.22%
ZA ĽUDÍ
5.77%
Other
21.53%
National Council seats
OĽANO–NOVA
35.33%
SMER–SD
25.33%
RODINA
11.33%
KOTLEBA–ĽSNS
11.33%
SaS
8.67%
ZA ĽUDÍ
8.00%

References

  1. ^ "New Slovak Government and Posts". Nový Čas. 17 March 2016. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
  2. ^ "Voľby do Európskeho parlamentu". www.europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
  3. ^ "Slovakia Národná rada (National Council) Electoral System". Inter-Parliamentary Union. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
  4. ^ "Prieskum: Voľby by vyhral Smer, OĽaNO-NOVA mimo parlamentu". Pravda (in Slovak). 9 October 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  5. ^ "Hlasovací preukaz, Ministerstvo vnútra SR - Verejná správa" (in Slovak). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  6. ^ "Voľba poštou, Ministerstvo vnútra SR - Verejná správa" (in Slovak). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  7. ^ "Alojz Hlina is the new leader of KDH". Aktuality. 11 June 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  8. ^ "József Menyhárt is the new leader of SMK-MKP". TVNoviny. 11 June 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  9. ^ "Roman Brecely is the new leader of Network (SIEŤ) coalition party, he was only candidate". TA3. 13 August 2016. Retrieved 13 August 2016.

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