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Al-Alfiyya of Ibn Malik

Al-Alfiyya of Ibn Malik
شرح ألفية ابن مالك.jpg
AuthorIbn Malik
LanguageArabic
GenreGrammar, poem
Published13th century

The Alfiyya of Ibn Malik (Arabic: ألفية ابن مالك‎) is a rhymed book of Arabic grammar written by Ibn Malik in the 13th century. The long title is al-Khulāsa al-alfiyya. According to the historian Al-Maqqari, Al-Alfiyya was written in imitation of Ibn Muti al-Zawawi's Al-Durra al-alfiyya.[1] At least 43 commentaries have been written on this work, which was one of two major foundations of a beginner's education in Arab societies until the 20th century. In the 20th century, religious educational systems began to be replaced by colonial ones (such as the French schools in Morocco).[2]

Along with the Ajārūmīya, the Alfiya was one of the first books to be memorized by students in religious schools after the Qur'an.[citation needed]

This book is still used in traditional Dars (Islamic Education system in Masjid) at south Indian state "Kerala", as well as traditional Islamic boarding schools in Indonesia.

References

  1. ^ Fleisch, H. (1986). "Ibn Mālik". In Bearman, P.; Bianquis, Th.; Bosworth, C.E.; van Donzel, E.; Heinrichs, W.P. (eds.). The Encyclopedia of Islam. III (2nd ed.). E. J. Brill. p. 861.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  2. ^ Eickelman, D. F. (1992). Knowledge and Power in Morocco: The Education of a Twentieth-Century Notable. Princeton: Princeton University Press, p. 56




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