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Alexăndrel of Moldavia Redirected from Alexăndrel

Alexăndrel
Prince of Moldavia
(1st reign)
ReignFebruary – 12 October 1449
PredecessorPetru III
SuccessorBogdan II
Prince of Moldavia
(2nd reign)
ReignFebruary 1452 – August 1454
PredecessorBogdan II
SuccessorPeter Aaron
Prince of Moldavia
(3rd reign)
ReignFebruary – 25 May 1455
PredecessorPeter Aaron
SuccessorPeter Aaron
Born1429
Died25 May 1455
Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi
Spouseunmarried
DynastyBogdan-Mușat
FatherIliaș of Moldavia
MotherMaria
ReligionOrthodox

Alexăndrel or Alexăndru II (1429 – 25 May 1455), son of Iliaș of Moldavia, was the prince (or voivode) of Moldavia in 1449, from 1452 to 1454, and in 1455.

Life

He preferred the alliance with the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth,[1] in contrast with Peter III of Moldavia, who was protégé of John Hunyadi, Governor of Hungary.[2] The influence of Hungary weakened after the Ottomans defeated Hunyadi's army in the second Battle of Kosovo in October 1448.[1] With the support of boyars who preferred an alliance with the Commonwealth, Alexăndrel expelled Peter III from Moldavia and seized the throne[1][2] in February 1449.[3] He confirmed the privileges of the merchants of Brașov.[1] According to the Moldavian-Polish chronicle, Alexăndrel also ceded Chilia (now Kiliya in Ukraine) to Hungary, but two other Moldavian chronicles attribute the same act to his predecessor.[4] In October 1449,[3] Hunyadi's other protégé, Bogdan II broke into Moldavia, forcing Alexăndrel to flee.[5][1]

After Bogdan was murdered, Alexăndrel and Petru Aron divided Moldavia among themselves.[6] Alexăndrel took control of southern Moldavia.[6] He united Moldavia with the support of Hunyadi.[6] He signed a treaty with Hunyadi on 16 February 1453, recognizing him as the protector of Moldavia.[5] Petru Aaron expelled him from Moldavia in March or May 1455.[7]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Ciobanu 1991, p. 34.
  2. ^ a b Mureşanu 2001, p. 171.
  3. ^ a b Treptow & Popa 1996, p. lii.
  4. ^ Mureşanu 2001, p. 13.
  5. ^ a b Mureşanu 2001, p. 173.
  6. ^ a b c Ciobanu 1991, p. 35.
  7. ^ Ciobanu 1991, p. 39.

Sources

  • Ciobanu, Veniamin (1991). "The equilibrium policy of the Romanian principalities in East-Central Europe, 1444–1485". In Treptow, Kurt W. (ed.). Dracula: Essays on the Life and Times of Vlad Țepeș. East European Monographs, Distributed by Columbia University Press. pp. 29–52. ISBN 0-88033-220-4.
  • Mureşanu, Camil (2001). John Hunyadi: Defender of Christendom. The Center for Romanian Studies. ISBN 973-9432-18-2.
  • Treptow, Kurt W.; Popa, Marcel (1996). Historical Dictionary of Romania. Scarecrow Press, Inc. ISBN 0-8108-3179-1.

External links

Preceded by
Petru III
Voivode of Moldavia
1449
Succeeded by
Bogdan II
Preceded by
Bogdan II
Voivode of Moldavia
1452–1454
Succeeded by
Petru Aron
Preceded by
Petru Aron
Voivode of Moldavia
1455
Succeeded by
Petru Aron



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