Total population
500 (2000)[1]
Regions with significant populations
 Brazil ( Amazonas)
Amahuaca, Spanish,
Yaminahua, Sharanahua[1]
Animism, Christianity

The Amahuaca or Amhuaca are indigenous peoples of the southeastern Amazon Basin in Peru and Brazil. Isolated until the 18th century, they are currently under threat from ecological devastation, disease and violence brought by oil extractors and illegal loggers. In 1998 they numbered about 520. The largest community of the Amahuaca is in Puerto Varadero, a jungle community on the Peruvian–Brazilian border.


The Amahuaca are also known as: Amaguaco, Amawaca, Amawáka, Amawaka, Amenguaca, Ameuhaque, Ipitineri, Sayaco, Sayacu, or Yora people.[1] In the early twentieth century they were sometimes referred to as the Huni Kui.[2]


As of 2000, approximately 220 Amahuaca spoke the Amahuaca language, a Panoan language. The language is written in the Latin script, and a grammar has been published. From 1963 to 1997, portions of the Bible were translated into Amahuaca.[1]

Economic development

Amahuaca people hunt, fish, farm, and work in the lumber and oil industries or as domestic servants. They harvest and process Brazil nuts.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Amahuaca." Ethnologue. Retrieved 16 Feb 2012.
  2. ^ F. Bruce Lamb, Wizard of the Upper Amazon: The Story of Manuel Cordova-Rios, North Atlantic Books, Berkeley CA, 1971. ISBN 0938190806

Further reading

External links

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