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Ananyiv

Ananyiv

Ананьїв
City
Будівля дворянського зібрання 2, Ананьїв.jpg
Flag of Ananyiv
Flag
Coat of arms of Ananyiv
Coat of arms
Ananyiv is located in Odessa Oblast
Ananyiv
Ananyiv
Location in Ukraine
Ananyiv is located in Ukraine
Ananyiv
Ananyiv
Ananyiv (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 47°43′N 29°58′E / 47.717°N 29.967°E / 47.717; 29.967Coordinates: 47°43′N 29°58′E / 47.717°N 29.967°E / 47.717; 29.967
Country Ukraine
Oblast Odessa Oblast
RaionAnanyiv Raion
Population
(2015)
 • Total8,495
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Area code(s)+380 4863
ClimateDfb

Ananyiv (Ukrainian: Ана́ньїв, Russian: Ана́ньев, Yiddish: אַנאַניעוו‎, romanizedAnaniev, Romanian: Ananiev) is a city and the administrative center of Ananyiv Raion in Odessa Oblast, Ukraine. It stands on the Tyligul River. Population: 8,495 (2015 est.)[1]

The town belonged to Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic from 1924 to 1940.

Jewish history

Jews settled in Ananyiv since the 19th century. In 1820, the Jewish community in town owned a synagogue and a cemetery,[2] which no longer exists, though the new cemetery from the 20th century can be visited.[3] The Surnames on the gravestones are still visible and documented online.[4] Photos of the town Jews from the beginning of the 20th century are also visible online.[5] In April 1887, a mob attacked and destroyed 175 Jewish homes and 14 shops.[3] In 1897, 50% of the town population was Jewish.[6] During 1919, two pogroms in town resulted in more than 40 dead Jews.[6] Under Romanian occupation, more than 330 of the town Jews were killed by Einsatzgruppen 10b.[7] On October 1941, 300 out of the 445 left town. Jews were murdered in nearby Mostove, and the rest a month later in Gvozdiovka. One of these two mass graves is signed[8] in Ukrainian and open to public.[9] In 1990, 30 Jews lived in Ananyiv.[3]

On this site 1500 Jews were killed by the Eisentzgrupen during the Holocaust

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ a b c https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0002_0_01056.html
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-02-02. Retrieved 2014-01-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ [2]
  6. ^ a b http://jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/1472-ananyev
  7. ^ http://www.yadvashem.org/yv/he/research/ghettos_encyclopedia/ghetto_details.asp?cid=87
  8. ^ [3]
  9. ^ http://www.iajgsjewishcemeteryproject.org/ukraine/ananyev.html



This page was last updated at 2021-03-16 22:25, update this pageView original page

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