Angolar Creole

Angolar Creole
Native toSão Tomé and Príncipe
Native speakers
5,000 (1998)[1]
Portuguese Creole
  • Lower Guinea
    • Angolar Creole
Language codes
ISO 639-3aoa

Angolar Creole (Angolar: n'golá) is a minority Portuguese-based creole language of São Tomé and Príncipe, spoken in the southernmost towns of São Tomé Island and sparsely along the coast, especially by Angolar people. It is also called by its native speakers as n'golá. It is a creole language with a majority Portuguese lexicon and a heavy substrate of a dialect of Kimbundu (port. Quimbundo), a Bantu language from inland Angola, where many had been enslaved.


  1. ^ Angolar Creole at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)

Further reading

  • Maurer, Philippe (1995). L'angolar: Un créole afro-portugais parlé à São Tomé [Angolar: An Afro-Portuguese creole spoken in São Tomé] (in French). Hamburg: Buske.
  • Lorenzino, Gerardo (1998). The Angolar Creole Portuguese of São Tomé: Its Grammar and Sociolinguistic History. Munich: Lincom Europa.

External links

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