Arabic keyboard

The Arabic keyboard (Arabic: لوحة المفاتيح العربية‎, lawḥat al-mafātīḥ al-`Arabīyyah) is the Arabic keyboard layout used for the Arabic language. All computer Arabic keyboards contain both Arabic letters and Latin letters, the latter being necessary for URLs and e-mail addresses. Since Arabic is written from right to left, when one types with an Arabic keyboard, the letters will start appearing from the right side of the screen.


Arabic typewriter

The Arabic layout typewriter was first patented by Selim Shibli Haddad, a Syrian artist and inventor.[1] A British patent was filed three months later, on 1st December 1899, by Philippe Waked, the first person to type a document in Arabic.[2] Both patents expired in 1919, prompting mass production in both Egypt and abroad.[3]

Arabic typewriter keyboard layout.svg

Sakhr/MSX Arabic Keyboard

KB Arabic Sakhr.svg

IBM PC Arabic Keyboard

KB Arabic.svg

Mac Arabic Keyboard

Linux (Ubuntu) Arabic Keyboard



  1. ^ Messenger, Robert (17 October 2014). "The Arabic Typewriter Keyboard and the Syrian Artist". oz.Typewriter.
  2. ^ https://kerningcultures.com/a-tale-of-two-inventors/
  3. ^ Zeina Dowidar & Ahmed Ellaithy The Invention of the Arabic Typewriter, 31 October 2019, Kerning Cultures

See also

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