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Armenian-Dutch

  (Redirected from Armenian-Dutch)
Armenians in the Netherlands
Total population
40.000[1]
Regions with significant populations
Languages
Armenian, Dutch As well as Persian, Russian, Turkish, and/or Arabic as second or third languages
Religion
Armenian Apostolic, Armenian Catholic, Evangelical and Protestant
Related ethnic groups
Armenian, Hamshenis, Cherkesogai groups

Armenians in the Netherlands (occasionally and colloquially Dutch Armenians or Armenian-Dutch; Dutch: Armeens Nederlander; Armenian: Հոլանդահայեր) are the ethnic Armenians living in the Netherlands. The number of Armenians living in the country is around 40.000, according to the Armenian ambassador.[1]

History

Armenian and Dutch interactions are believed to have started in the 13th and 14th centuries, when Dutch merchants arrived in Cilicia and Armenian trading houses opened in the Low Countries. Armenians brought into the Low Countries carpets, dyes, cotton, and spices from Armenia and from around the world.

Apart from the contemporary Armenian community spread out over the Netherlands, there had been an independent Armenian community concentrated in Amsterdam during the 17th and 18th centuries.

Many Armenian merchants in Amsterdam went to Southeast Asia in the 19th century to trade, and to set up factories and plantations, establishing a community of Armenians in Java.

The Napoleonic wars put an end to the Armenian life in the Netherlands. The city of Amsterdam was almost depopulated after its occupation by the French. In 1713 the city of Amsterdam permitted the Armenians to erect a church of their own. After serving its purpose for about a century and a half, this edifice was closed because of the dwindling of its congregation. In 1874, by order of the Catholicos of Echmiadzin, the building was sold for 10,000 florins, which was transmitted to him.[2] It is probable that the Armenian community assimilated into the wider Dutch nation during the 19th century.

Armenians arrived in the Netherlands from Indonesia (the former Dutch Indies in the 1950s), Turkey (1970s), Lebanon (1970s), Iran (1980s), Iraq (early 1990s), Russia and Armenia (1990s).

Community

The largest group of Armenians arrived from Turkey (Diyarbakir and Şırnak) in the 1970s as guest workers in chain migration, finding employment in textile plants in Almelo and Hengelo.

Currently most Armenians live in the major urban centres in the western part of the Netherlands: Amsterdam, Dordrecht, The Hague, Leiden and Rotterdam. Armenian church services are held in Amsterdam, Maastricht and Almelo.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "«Վարակակիրների մոտ 60 տոկոսը բուժվում է տանը». Նիդերլանդներում ՀՀ դեսպան Տիգրան Բալայան". Azatutyun. 3 April 2020. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  2. ^ Vahan M. Kurkjian. A History of Armenia, pp. 471

External links


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