Bbánlám pìngyīm

Bbánlám Hōng'ggián Pìngyīm Hōng'àn[1] (Chinese: 閩南方言拼音方案; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Bân-lâm Hong-giân Pheng-im Hong-àn), Bbánlám pìngyīm, Minnan pinyin or simply pingyim, is a romanization system for Hokkien Southern Min, in particular the Amoy (Xiamen) version of this language.[2]


Various names are used such as Bbínpīn Hōngàn (Chinese: 閩拼方案), BbínPīn or BP (閩拼). It is commonly known as Pumindian (普閩典) in Taiwan, named after the Mandarin-Southern Min Dictionary (simplified Chinese: 普通话闽南方言词典; traditional Chinese: 普通話閩南方言詞典; pinyin: Pǔtōnghuà Mǐnnán Fāngyán Cídiǎn) where the system is used, but the formal Chinese name is Southern Min Dialect Spelling System (闽南方言拼音方案; 閩南方言拼音方案; Mǐnnán Fāngyán Pīnyīn Fāng'àn).[3]


The BP alphabet adopts the Latin alphabet of 20 letters, 5 digraphs and 5 diacritics to express the basic sounds of the Min Nan language:

bp capital letter A B Bb C D E G Gg H I K L M N Ng O Oo P S T U W Y Z Zz
bp lower case a b bb c d e g gg h i k l m n ng o oo p s t u w y z zz


  1. ^ The two apostrophes here are not needed for native speakers (since *Hōngg and *Hōn cannot be a valid syllable in Hokkien), but is used within the official orthography. It would be written as Bbánlám Hōngggián Pìngyīm Hōngàn in practice.
  2. ^ Versions for the Quanzhou and Zhangzhou dialects are also devised, but not popular.
  3. ^ 林宝卿 (1999). 闽南话教程 [A Southern Min Primer]. Xiamen: Xiamen University Press. p. 3. ISBN 7-5615-0531-0.

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