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Borders of Russia

Typical border marker of Russia

Russia, the largest country in the world, has international borders with 16 sovereign states, including two maritime boundaries with the United States and Japan, as well as the borders with the partially recognized states of South Ossetia and Abkhazia. The country has a land border running 20,241 kilometres (12,577 mi) in total, and has the second-longest land border of any country in the world, after China. The present borders of the Russia (then the Russian SFSR) have been drawn since 1956, and had remained the same after the dissolution of the Soviet Union; until in 2014, when Crimea was annexed by Russia from Ukraine.

As a transcontinental country in Eurasia, Russia shares borders in both Europe and Asia. Out of the 18 total borders, 10 are in Europe, and 5 are in Asia, while 1 border lies in the Bering Strait; between North America and Asia.

Overview

Russia shares borders with more countries than any other state in the world, owing to its large expanse. This includes two partially recognized countries, and two with aquatic boundaries (see below; in italics).

Table of countries with a land border with Russia (listed counterclockwise around Russia).[1]
Country Land Sea More information
 Norway 195.8 km (121.7 mi) 23.3 km (14.5 mi) Norway–Russia border
 Finland 1,271.8 km (790.3 mi) 54.0 km (33.6 mi) Finland–Russia border
 Estonia 324.8 km (201.8 mi) 142.0 km (88.2 mi) Estonia–Russia border
 Latvia 270.5 km (168.1 mi) 0.0 km (0 mi) Latvia–Russia border
 Lithuania 266.0 km (165.3 mi) 22.4 km (13.9 mi) Lithuania–Russia border
 Poland 204.1 km (126.8 mi) 32.2 km (20.0 mi) Poland–Russia border
 Belarus 1,239.0 km (769.9 mi) 0.0 km (0 mi) Belarus–Russia border
 Ukraine 2,093.6 km (1,300.9 mi) 567.0 km (352.3 mi) Russia–Ukraine border
 Georgia 875.5 km (544.0 mi) 22.4 km (13.9 mi) Georgia–Russia border
 Azerbaijan 327.6 km (203.6 mi) 22.4 km (13.9 mi) Azerbaijan–Russia border
 Kazakhstan 7,512.8 km (4,668.2 mi) 85.8 km (53.3 mi) Kazakhstan–Russia border
 China 4,209.3 km (2,615.5 mi) 0.0 km (0 mi) China–Russia border
 Mongolia 3,485.0 km (2,165.5 mi) 0.0 km (0 mi) Mongolia–Russia border
 North Korea 17.3 km (10.7 mi) 22.1 km (13.7 mi) North Korea–Russia border
 Japan 0.0 km (0 mi) 194.3 km (120.7 mi) Japan–Russia border[a]
 United States 0.0 km (0 mi) 49.0 km (30.4 mi) USSR–USA Maritime Boundary Agreement

Border details

Below is a list of subjects with both neighboring regions of Russia with them, and in the neighboring regions of foreign countries.

Northwestern Federal District

Republic of Karelia

Komi Republic

Arkhangelsk Oblast

Vologda Oblast

Kaliningrad Oblast

Leningrad Oblast

Murmansk Oblast

Novgorod Oblast

Pskov Oblast

Saint Petersburg

Nenets Autonomous Okrug

Volga Federal District

Southern Federal District

North Caucasian Federal District

Ural Federal District

Siberian Federal District

Far Eastern Federal District

Crimea

The status of the Crimea and of the city of Sevastopol is currently under dispute between Russia and Ukraine; Ukraine and the majority of the international community consider the Crimea to be an autonomous republic of Ukraine and Sevastopol to be one of Ukraine's cities with special status, while Russia, on the other hand, considers the Crimea to be a federal subject of Russia and Sevastopol to be one of Russia's three federal cities since the March 2014 annexation of Crimea by Russia.[2][3] Since 1991, Russia also leases Sevastopol Naval Base with current lease extending to 2040s with an option for another extension, but the State Duma approved the denunciation of this lease agreements unanimously by 433 members of parliament on 31 March 2014.[4]

Republic of Crimea

Sevastopol

See also

Notes

  1. ^ See Kuril Islands dispute for information about territorial dispute between Russia and Japan over islands occupied during World War II.

References

  1. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20170313051914/http://www.rosgranitsa.ru/node/2636
  2. ^ Gutterman, Steve. "Putin signs Crimea treaty, will not seize other Ukraine regions". Reuters.com. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
  3. ^ "Ukraine crisis: Timeline". 13 November 2014 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  4. ^ State Duma approves denunciation of Russian-Ukrainian agreements on Black Sea Fleet, ITAR-TASS (31 March 2014)

External links


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