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COVID-19 pandemic in North America

COVID-19 pandemic in North America
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationNorth America
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China
Index caseSnohomish County, Washington, United States
Arrival date21 January 2020
(3 months, 4 weeks and 1 day ago)
Confirmed cases1,635,060[1]
Recovered407,043[1]
Deaths
99,933[1]
Territories
43[1]

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached North America in January 2020. As of 25 March 2020, all North American countries (including Central America and the Caribbean) have reported at least one case of COVID-19.

Pandemic by country/region

Summary table of confirmed cases in North America (as of 19 May 2020)[2]
Country/Region Confirmed Deaths Recovered Main article Ref
 United States 1,484,285 88,507 326,242 COVID-19 pandemic in the United States [2][3]
 Canada 79,112 5,912 40,050 COVID-19 pandemic in Canada [4][2][5]
 Mexico 54,346 5,666 37,325 COVID-19 pandemic in Mexico [6][2]
flag Dominican Republic 11,739 424 3,557 COVID-19 pandemic in the Dominican Republic [7][8]
 Panama 9,726 279 6,081 COVID-19 pandemic in Panama [2]
flag Puerto Rico 2,542 122 850 COVID-19 pandemic in Puerto Rico [2]
flag Honduras 2,460 134 340 COVID-19 pandemic in Honduras [2]
flag Cuba 1,881 79 1,505 COVID-19 pandemic in Cuba [2]
flag Guatemala 2,001 38 139 COVID-19 pandemic in Guatemala [9][10][2]
flag El Salvador 1,498 30 502 COVID-19 pandemic in El Salvador [2]
flag Costa Rica 843 9 575 COVID-19 pandemic in Costa Rica [2]
flag Jamaica 511 9 131 COVID-19 pandemic in Jamaica [2]
flag Haiti 553 21 21 COVID-19 pandemic in Haiti [2]
flag Martinique 192 14 91 COVID-19 pandemic in Martinique [2]
flag Guadeloupe 155 13 109 COVID-19 pandemic in Guadeloupe [2]
flag Bermuda 125 9 66 COVID-19 pandemic in Bermuda [2]
flag Trinidad and Tobago 116 8 107 COVID-19 pandemic in Trinidad and Tobago [2]
flag Aruba 101 3 93 COVID-19 pandemic in Aruba [2][11]
flag The Bahamas 96 11 43 COVID-19 pandemic in the Bahamas [2]
flag Cayman Islands 111 1 55 COVID-19 pandemic in the Cayman Islands [2]
flag Barbados 88 7 68 COVID-19 pandemic in Barbados [2]
flag Sint Maarten 76 15 46 COVID-19 pandemic in Sint Maarten [2]
flag United States Virgin Islands 69 6 60 COVID-19 pandemic in the United States Virgin Islands [2]
flag Collectivity of Saint Martin 40 3 33 COVID-19 pandemic in the Collectivity of Saint Martin [2]
flag Antigua and Barbuda 25 3 19 COVID-19 pandemic in Antigua and Barbuda [2]
flag Nicaragua 254 17 199 COVID-19 pandemic in Nicaragua [12][2]
flag Grenada 22 0 14 COVID-19 pandemic in Grenada [2]
flag Belize 18 2 16 COVID-19 pandemic in Belize [2]
flag Saint Lucia 18 0 18 COVID-19 pandemic in Saint Lucia [2][13]
flag Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 17 0 14 COVID-19 pandemic in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines [2]
flag Curaçao 16 1 14 COVID-19 pandemic in Curaçao [2]
flag Dominica 16 0 15 COVID-19 pandemic in Dominica [2]
flag Saint Kitts and Nevis 15 0 15 COVID-19 pandemic in Saint Kitts and Nevis [2]
flag Turks and Caicos Islands 12 1 10 COVID-19 pandemic in the Turks and Caicos Islands [2][14]
flag Greenland 11 0 11 COVID-19 pandemic in Greenland [2]
flag Montserrat 11 1 10 COVID-19 pandemic in Montserrat [2][15]
flag British Virgin Islands 8 1 6 COVID-19 pandemic in the British Virgin Islands [2]
flag Saint Barthélemy 6 0 6 COVID-19 pandemic in Saint Barthélemy [2]
flag Anguilla 3 0 3 COVID-19 pandemic in Anguilla [2][16]
flag Bonaire 2 0 2 COVID-19 pandemic in Bonaire [17]
flag Saba 2 0 2 COVID-19 pandemic in Saba [18][19]
flag Sint Eustatius 2 0 2 COVID-19 pandemic in Sint Eustatius [2][20]
flag Saint Pierre and Miquelon 1 0 1 COVID-19 pandemic in Saint Pierre and Miquelon [2]
Total 1,649,126 100,933 415,515 [2]

Confirmed cases

Counting of cases are subject to the number of tested people.

Antigua and Barbuda

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached Antigua and Barbuda on 13 March 2020.[21]

The Bahamas

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the Bahamas on 15 March 2020 with the announcement of the first case.[22]

Barbados

Barbados announced its first two confirmed cases on 17 March and declared a public health emergency on 26 March.[23][24]

Belize

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached Belize on 23 March 2020.[25]

British Overseas Territories

Anguilla

The first two cases of the virus were confirmed on 26 March.[26] On 26 April 2020, all patients recovered.[16]

Bermuda

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the British Overseas Territory of Bermuda on 18 March 2020.[27][28]

Cayman Islands

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the British Overseas Territory of the Cayman Islands on 12 March 2020.[29]

Montserrat

The territory's first case was confirmed on 17 March. Schools have been closed and public gatherings banned as a precautionary measure.[30][31] By 15 May, all cases recovered.[15]

Turks and Caicos Islands

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the British Overseas Territory of the Turks and Caicos Islands on 23 March 2020.[32] On 12 May, the last two cases recovered. There are currently no active cases, because one person left the country.[14]

British Virgin Islands

On 25 March, the first two cases in the country were confirmed.[33]

Canada

The first case of the COVID-19 in Canada was confirmed on January 25, 2020, when a man returned to Toronto from travelling in Wuhan, China, and two days later, tested positive for coronavirus disease 2019, caused by SARS-CoV-2. As of March 13, 2020, there have been 198 cases of coronavirus reported in Canada with 1 death in 7 provinces. 2 cases have been reported of the passengers who travelled on the cruise ship Grand Princess: Ontario (79 cases), British Columbia (64 cases, 1 death), Alberta (29 cases), Quebec (20 cases), Manitoba (4 cases), Saskatchewan (2 cases), New Brunswick (1 case) and Grand Princess (2 cases).[34][35][36] Almost all cases had recent travel history to a country with a substantial number of coronavirus cases. Of these cases, eleven (six in BC, five in Ontario) have recovered.[37]

As of March 11, 2020, the Public Health Agency of Canada has evaluated the public health risk of the pandemic as being "low for the general population", but of a higher risk for those over the age of 65, or with underlying conditions.[38] On March 13, 2020, the Government of Canada issued a formal travel advisory against any non-essential travel outside of the country until further notice.[39][40]

Colombia

San Andrés and Providencia

Costa Rica

On 6 March, the first case in Costa Rica was confirmed, which was also the first such case in Central America.[41]

Cuba

On 11 March, the first cases in Cuba were confirmed.[42]

Greenland (Denmark)

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have spread to Greenland – an autonomous territory of the Kingdom of Denmark – in March 2020.[43] There have been 11 confirmed cases, but none in need of hospitalization. The last infected person had recovered on 8 April and there are no known active cases in Greenland. As of 19 April, there have been no new infections in Greenland for two weeks.[44]

Dominica

On 22 March, the first case of COVID-19 was confirmed on the island of Dominica. It was a woman who recently came back from the UK.[45]

Dominican Republic

On 1 March, the first case in the Dominican Republic was confirmed, which was also the first case in the Caribbean.[46]

Dutch Caribbean

Aruba

On 13 March 2020, Prime Minister Evelyn Wever-Croes announced the first two confirmed cases of coronavirus on the island.[47]

As a result, the country restricted entry of all individuals coming from Europe via air and seaports – starting on 15 March and in effect until 31 March – with the exception of those who are Aruban citizens.[47] They also suspended public and private school classes for the week of March 16, as well as all large-scale public gatherings.[48]

Curaçao

The 2020 coronavirus pandemic was documented for the first time in Curaçao on 13 March 2020. The case was a 68-year-old man who was on vacation from the Netherlands.[49]

Sint Maarten

As of 18 March there has been one confirmed case in Sint Maarten.[50] Schools have been shut for a period of two weeks.[50]

Caribbean Netherlands

Bonaire

On 16 April 2020, Edison Rijna, Island Governor of Bonaire announced the first case of COVID-19 on the island.[51] The island was already closed to international travel.[52] On 28 April 2020, all cases had recovered.[17]

Saba

On 12 April, the first case was confirmed in Saba. Schools, bars and 'non essential services' are all currently shut.[53] On 12 May, all cases on Saba recovered.[18]

Sint Eustatius

On 31 March 2020, the first two cases were confirmed,[54] they were two young men from the Netherlands who arrived on 15 March and self isolated after arrival.[55] On 5 May all cases recovered.[20]

El Salvador

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached El Salvador on 18 March 2020.[56]

Overseas France

Two cases of the coronavirus were confirmed on 1 March in the French collectivity of Saint Martin, having travelled from France through Dutch Sint Maarten and French collectivity of Saint Barthélemy, where they infected their son who is a resident. They then returned to Sint Maarten and were detected at the airport and transferred to French Saint Martin hospital for isolation.[57] According to the French Ministry of Health situation reports,[58] as of 6 March, there have been two confirmed cases in Martinique, two in Saint Martin and one in Saint Barthélemy.[59] As of 5 April, St. Pierre and Miquelon recorded its first verified case.[60]

Region of Guadeloupe

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have spread to the French overseas department and region of Guadeloupe on 12 March 2020.[61]

Region of Martinique

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the French overseas department and region of Martinique on 5 March 2020.[62]

Collectivity of Saint Barthélemy

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the French overseas collectivity of Saint Barthélemy on 1 March 2020.[63] The last positive case was on 31 March.[64] On 21 April, the last case recovered.[65]

Collectivity of Saint Martin

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the French overseas collectivity of Saint Martin on 1 March 2020.[63]

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the French overseas collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon on 5 April 2020.[66]

Grenada

On 22 March, the first case in the country was confirmed.[67]

Guatemala

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached Guatemala on 13 March 2020.[68]

Haiti

On 19 March, the first two cases in the country were confirmed.[69]

Honduras

On 10 March, the first two cases in Honduras were confirmed.[70]

Jamaica

The government announced a travel ban between China and Jamaica. All people entering Jamaica from China will be subject to immediate quarantine for at least 14 days, and anyone who was allowed to land and shows symptoms of the virus will be put in immediate isolation.[71] In keeping with the new policy, 19 Chinese nationals who arrived at the Norman Manley International Airport on the evening of 31 January were denied entry, quarantined and put on a flight back to China on 1 February.[72]

On 10 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed the first case in Jamaica, a female patient who arrived from the United Kingdom on 4 March. The health minister reported that she has been in isolation since 9 March after showing respiratory symptoms. Following the update, the travel ban imposed was expanded to include France, Germany and Spain.[73]

On 11 March, the country's health minister confirmed the second "imported corona virus [sic]" case.[74]

Mexico

On 28 February 2020, Mexico confirmed its first three cases.[75] The country's first coronavirus-related death was reported on 18 March. Almost every state reported at least one case of infection.[76] Mexico entered Phase 2 of 3, indicating community transmission, on 24 March. Mexico had 292 imported cases of infection, 70 cases linked to importation, and five cases that were unlinked to foreign contact.[77]

Nicaragua

An ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was shown to have spread to Nicaragua when the first case, a Nicaraguan citizen who had returned to the country from Panama, was confirmed on 18 March 2020.[78]

Panama

The Panamanian government has enhanced its sanitary control and screening measures at all ports of entry, to prevent the spread of the virus, isolating and testing potential cases.[79]

On 9 March, the health ministry (MINSA) announced Panama's first coronavirus case, a Panamanian woman in her 40s who had returned from Spain.[80][81]

On the following day, the MINSA announced seven more COVID-19 cases and one coronavirus-related death.[82][83][84]

Puerto Rico (United States)

As of 19 March the territory has had five confirmed cases.[85] On 17 March governor Wanda Vázquez Garced announced a 24/7 a lockdown, with people only allowed to leave their homes for food, gas or medicines.[86]

Saint Kitts and Nevis

On 25 March, the first two cases in the country were confirmed.[87] By 19 May, all cases recovered.[88]

Saint Lucia

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached Saint Lucia on 13 March 2020.[89] On 22 April 2020, it was announced that all confirmed cases had recovered.[90] On 28 April 2020, two new cases were discovered.[13]

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

On 11 March, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines confirmed its first case.[91]

Trinidad and Tobago

On 12 March, Trinidad and Tobago confirmed its first case of COVID-19. It was a 52-year-old man who had recently been to Switzerland. He was self-isolated before he began experiencing symptoms of COVID-19.[92]

United States

On 20 January, the United States confirmed its first case, of a 35-year-old man who had returned on 15 January to the state of Washington after visiting family in Wuhan, China. The man sought clinical assistance on 19 January.[93]

On 27 February, the CDC reported a case in California which may be the first instance of community transmission in the US.[94]

On 29 February, officials of Washington State confirmed the first reported death from coronavirus in the US.[95]

By 11 March, the U.S had tested fewer than 10,000 people.[96] By the end of the month, over 1,000,000 people had been tested.[97] However, health experts stated that this level of testing was still inadequate.[98]

On 26 March, the United States surpassed China and Italy as the country with the most confirmed COVID-19 cases, with a figure above 82,000.[99][100] The U.S. federal government's health inspectors surveyed 323 hospitals in late March; reporting "severe shortages" of test supplies, "widespread shortages" of personal protective equipment (PPE), and other strained resources due to extended patient stays while awaiting test results.[101]

On 11 April, the United States surpassed Italy as the country with the most confirmed coronavirus deaths, with a total of over 20,000.[102] The U.S. also became the first to record 2,000 deaths in a single day.[103] Wyoming became the 50th state to be issued a disaster declaration.[104]

By 20 April, the federal government stated it was conducting 150,000 tests per day, and claimed that this number would be enough to allow for schools and businesses to reopen. Health experts estimate that 500,000 to 1,000,000 tests per day would be needed to properly track the spread of the coronavirus, to avoid a new wave of infections.[105]

United States Virgin Islands (United States)

As of 18 March, two people have tested positive for the virus.[106]

See also

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