Canichana language

Native toBolivia
RegionBeni Department
Extinctca. 2000
Language codes
ISO 639-3caz
Pueblos originarios de Bolivia.png
Historical distribution of the language

Canichana, or Canesi, Joaquiniano, is a possible language isolate of Bolivia (department of Beni). In 1991 there were 500 Canichana people, but only 20 spoke the Canichana language; by 2000 the ethnic population was 583, but the language had no L1 speakers left.

It was spoken on the Mamoré River and Machupo River.[1]

Language contact

Jolkesky (2016) notes that there are lexical similarities with the Mochica language due to contact.[2]


Loukotka (1968) lists the following basic vocabulary items for Canichana.[1]

gloss Canichana
one mereka
two kadita
three kaʔarxata
tooth eu-kuti
tongue au-cháva
hand eu-tixle
woman ikegahui
water nese
fire nichuku
moon nimilaku
maize ni-chuxú
jaguar ni-xolani
house ni-tikoxle

See also


  1. ^ a b Loukotka, Čestmír (1968). Classification of South American Indian languages. Los Angeles: UCLA Latin American Center.
  2. ^ Jolkesky, Marcelo Pinho de Valhery (2016). Estudo arqueo-ecolinguístico das terras tropicais sul-americanas (Ph.D. dissertation) (2 ed.). Brasília: University of Brasília.
  • Alain Fabre, 2005, Diccionario etnolingüístico y guía bibliográfica de los pueblos indígenas sudamericanos: KANICHANA.[1]
  • de Créqui-Montfort, G.; Rivet, P. (1913). Linguistique Bolivienne: La Langue Kaničana. Mémoires de la Société de Linguistique de Paris, 18:354-377.

External links

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