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Captative verb

Captative verbs indicate catching and hunting of a specific animal or other target, e.g. English to fish.

Usually captatives are not separately marked, but some Uralic languages do this. Nenets, Sami languages and Finnish have a captative marker for marking captative verbs; in Nenets, the marker is exclusively used for this purpose. For example, Northern Sami murjet "to pick berries" is derived from muorji "berry". Also, Finnish has captative verbs marked by -sta-, e.g. marja/sta/a "to pick berries", kala/sta/a "to fish", metsä/stä/ä "to hunt".

References


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