Care drain

The term care drain coined in 2002 by the feminist sociologist Arlie Hochschild, is a feminist critique of brain drain's under theorization of the feminized migration in the global care chain and the impact it has on the families these women leave behind. Conversely care gain refers to the benefits for women migrant workers, their families and the sending nations.[1][2]

Care drain is notable in five migratory streams:[3]

  • From Eastern Europe to Western Europe
  • From Mexico, Central/South America to the United States
  • From North Africa to Southern Europe
  • From South Asia to the Gulf states
  • From Philippines to all over the world, including Hong Kong, US, Europe and Israel.


  1. ^ Cooray, Devoushi (2017-06-02). "The Care Drain and its Effects on the Families Left Behind: A Case Study of Sri Lanka". Comparative Sociology. 16 (3): 369–392. doi:10.1163/15691330-12341427. ISSN 1569-1322.
  2. ^ Lutz, H.; Palenga-Mollenbeck, E. (2012-01-18). "Care Workers, Care Drain, and Care Chains: Reflections on Care, Migration, and Citizenship". Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society. 19 (1): 15–37. doi:10.1093/sp/jxr026. ISSN 1072-4745. PMID 22611571. S2CID 38784823.
  3. ^ Isaksen, Lise Widding; Devi, Sambasivan Uma; Hochschild, Arlie Russell (2008-11-01). "Global Care Crisis: A Problem of Capital, Care Chain, or Commons?". American Behavioral Scientist: 405. doi:10.1177/0002764208323513. S2CID 143790910.

Further reading

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