万维百科英文版

Cellulose triacetate

Cellulose triacetate
Cellulose triacetate.png
Names
Other names
2,3,6-Tri-O-acetyl cellulose; cellulose triacetate polymer; triacetylcellulose
Identifiers
ChemSpider
  • none
ECHA InfoCard 100.115.198
Properties
variable
Molar mass variable
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
☒N verify (what is ☑Y☒N ?)
Infobox references

Cellulose triacetate, (triacetate, CTA or TAC) is a chemical compound produced from cellulose and a source of acetate esters, typically acetic anhydride. Triacetate is commonly used for the creation of fibres and film base. It is chemically similar to cellulose acetate. Its distinguishing characteristic is that in triacetate, at least "92 percent of the hydroxyl groups are acetylated."[1] During the manufacture of triacetate, the cellulose is completely acetylated; whereas in normal cellulose acetate or cellulose diacetate, it is only partially acetylated. Triacetate is significantly more heat resistant than cellulose acetate.

History

Triacetate, whose chemical equation is [C6H7O2(OOCCH3)3]n, was first produced commercially in the U.S. in 1954 by Celanese Corporation. Eastman Kodak was a manufacturer of CTA until March 15, 2007. For almost 3 years, Mitsubishi Rayon Co. Ltd. was the only manufacturer. In 2010, Eastman Chemical announced a 70% increase in cellulose triacetate output at its Kingsport (TN) manufacturing site to achieve the increasing demand for the chemical's use as an intermediate in the production of polarized films for liquid crystal displays (LCD)s.[2][3]

Production

Triacetate is derived from cellulose by acetylating cellulose with acetic acid and/or acetic anhydride. Acetylation converts hydroxyl groups in cellulose to acetyl groups, which renders the cellulose polymer much more soluble in organic solvents. The cellulose acetate is dissolved in a mixture of dichloromethane and methanol for spinning. As the filaments emerge from a spinneret, the solvent is evaporated in warm air, in a process known as dry spinning, leaving a fibre of almost pure triacetate.

A finishing process called S-Finishing or surface saponification is sometimes applied to acetate and triacetate fabrics using a sodium hydroxide solution. This removes part or all of the acetyl groups from the surface of the fibres leaving them with a cellulose coating. This reduces the tendency for the fibres to acquire a static charge.

Chemistry

CAS number 9012-09-3

Applications

As a fibre

Triacetate fibres have a crenate cross section.

Characteristics

  • Shrink resistant
  • Wrinkle resistant
  • Easily washable
  • More often than not its washable at high temperatures
  • Maintains creases and pleats well

Usage scenarios

Triacetate is particularly effective in clothing where crease or pleat retention is important, such as skirts and dresses.

In the 1980s triacetate was also used with polyester to create shiny tracksuits. The fabric was smooth and shiny on the outside and soft and fleecy on the inside.

General care tips

  • Ironable up to 200 °C
  • Pleated garments are best hand laundered. Most other garments containing 100% triacetate can be machine washed and dried
  • Articles containing triacetate fibres require little special care due mainly to the fibre's stability at high temperatures

As a film

Characteristics

Usage Scenarios

As a semipermeable membrane

Usage Scenarios

See also

References

  1. ^ Federal Trade Commission definition
  2. ^ "Eastman increasing cellulose triacetate capacity". timesnews.net. Associated Press. November 3, 2010.
  3. ^ Lindsey Bewley (November 1, 2010). "Eastman to Boost Cellulose Triacetate Capacity at Kingsport". IHS Chemical Week.

External links


本页面最后更新于2019-11-09 20:51,点击更新本页查看原网页

本站的所有资料包括但不限于文字、图片等全部转载于维基百科(wikipedia.org),遵循 维基百科:CC BY-SA 3.0协议

万维百科为维基百科爱好者建立的公益网站,旨在为中国大陆网民提供优质内容,因此对部分内容进行改编以符合中国大陆政策,如果您不接受,可以直接访问维基百科官方网站


顶部

如果本页面有数学、化学、物理等公式未正确显示,请使用火狐或者Safari浏览器