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Census in Azerbaijan

The census in Azerbaijan is a process of collecting, summarizing, analyzing and publishing the demographic, economic and social data of the population living in the territory of Azerbaijan. The next census in the Republic is expected to be held in 2019.

General

After the occupation of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, the socialism began in Northern Azerbaijan on April 28, 1920. In 1926, 1937 and 1939, the percentage of Azerbaijanis among the population was reduced from 62.1% in 1926 to 58.2% in 1937. The number of Armenians has increased, and the percentage of it remained the same in the total population. The number of Russians decreased from 9.5% in 1926, to 15.7% in 1937 and reached to 16.5% in 1939.[1]

1926

December 17, 1926, the first census of the population was carried out in the USSR. The population of the Azerbaijani SSR was also included in this census. During the 1926 census, the territory of the Azerbaijan SSR was 85,968 km², the actual population was 2,314,571 (1,212,859 men, 1101712 women). 649,557 actual population (338325 men, 311232 women) lived in the cities, 1,665,014 (874534 men, 790,480 women) lived in the villages. During the census, there were 35 cities and 5788 rural settlements in the territory of the Azerbaijan SSR.[2]

Group Population
Citizens of Azerbaijan SSR permanently living in the territory of the Azerbaijan SSR 1 956 044
The citizens of the Azerbaijan SSR who live permanently outside the Azerbaijan SSR 82 406
Citizens of the USSR permanently living in the Azerbaijan SSR, who are in other USSR territories 219 273
Citizens of the USSR temporarily residing in the Azerbaijan SSR, who are in other USSR territories 94 743
Foreigners temporarily residing in the territory of the Azerbaijan SSR 44 511

1937

The last census of the Azerbaijan nation was conducted in USSR with Turkish name on January 6, 1937. According to this census, the total number of ethnic Azerbaijanis living in the USSR was 2,134,648.[3]

Population
The total number of Azerbaijanis living in the USSR 2,134,648
Number of people living in Azerbaijan SSR 1,778,798
Number of Azerbaijani people living in Georgia SSR 178,038
The number of Azerbaijani people living in the Armenian SSR 124,434
The number of Azerbaijani people living in the Russia SSR 37,861
The number of Azerbaijani people living in the Turkmenistan SSR 7,015
The number of Azerbaijani people living in the Kyrgyzstan SSR 4,223

1939

The final results of the 1937 census were canceled, and the new census was held in 1939. Only 62 large nations were counted in the population census of 1939. During the census, the number of Azerbaijanis in the Soviet Socialist Republic was 1870,471.[4]

Ethnic groups population %
Total 3 205 150 100.00
Azerbaijanis 1 870 471 58.36
Russians 528 318 16.48
Armenians 388 025 12.11
Lezgins 111 666 3.48
Talysh 87 510 2.73
Jews 41 245 1.29
Tatars 27 591 0.86
Ukrainians 23 643 ***
Germans 23 133 ***
Avars 15 740 ***
Georgians 10 196 ***
Tsakhur people 6 464* ***
Kurds 6 005 ***
Mordvins 5 008 ***
Ossetians 2 700 ***
Iranian peoples 2 289 ***
Poles 2 270 ***
Assyrian people 1 815 ***
Belarusians 1 472 ***
Greeks 1 248 ***
Dargins 759 ***
Chuvash people 677 ***
Uzbeks 658 ***
Latvians 606 ***
Turkish people 600 ***
Lak 495 ***
Romani people 400 ***
Bulgarians 332 ***
Adyghe people 283 ***
Kumyks 278 ***
Kabardians 278 ***
Kazakhs 257 ***
Lithuanians 232 ***
Estonians 228 ***
Moldovans 191 ***
Chechens 171 ***
Bashkirs 164 ***
Tabasaran people 122 ***
Nogais 105 ***
Udmurt people 99 ***
Serbs 79 ***
Czechs 76 ***
Mari people 75 ***
Romanians 75 ***
Komi peoples 73 ***
Swedes 67 ***
Turkmens 65 ***
Tajiks 61 ***
Finns 60 ***
Karachays 59 ***
Italians 43 ***
French people 41 ***
Balkars 40 ***
Ingush people 39 ***
Karel people 37 ***
Kyrgyz people 34 ***
Chinese people 34 ***
abazin 29 ***
Buryats 26 ***
Kalmyks 21 ***
Abkhazians 21 ***
Koreans 14 ***
Khakas people 8 ***
Slovaks 8 ***
Oirats 6 ***
English people 5 ***
Arabs 4 ***
Vepsians 4 ***
Spaniards 3 ***
Latqal 3 ***
Shors 2 ***
Uyghurs 2 ***
Albanians 2 ***
Norwegians 2 ***
Karakalpaks 1 ***
Dutch people 1 ***
Baloch people 1 ***
Japanese people 1 ***
Americans 1 ***
Others 38 028** 4.69***

1959

According to the Census of 1959, the number of Azerbaijanis was 2 494 381 which was 67.46% of the total population in Azerbaijan SRR.[5]

Ethnic groups population %
total 3 697 717 100%
Azerbaijanis 2 494 381 67,46%
Russians 501 282 13,57%
Armenians 442 089 11,96%
Lezgins 98 211 2,66%
Tatars 29 552 0,80%
Jews 29 350 0,79%
Ukrainians 25 778 0,70%
Avars 17 254 0,47%
Mountains Jews 10 324 0,28%
Georgians 9 526 0,26%
Tat people 5 887 0,16%
Belarusians 4 284 0,12%
Udi people 3 202 0,09%
Tsakhur people 2 876 0,08%
Ossetians 2 114 0,06%
Mordvins 1 766 0,05%
Dargins 1 529 0,04%
Moldovans 1 501 0,04%
Germans 1 492 0,04%
Kurds 1 487 0,04%
Poles 1 483 0,04%
Assyrian people 1 367 0,04%
Lak people 1 034 0,03%
other 10 213 0,28%
Unknown nationality 30 *

1970

According to the Census of 1970, the number of Azerbaijanis was 3 776 778 which was 73,81% of the total population in Azerbaijan SRR.[6]

Ethnic groups population %
Total 5 117 081 100%
Azerbaijanis 3 776 778 73,81%
Russians 510 059 9,86%
Armenians 483 520 9,45%
Lezgins 137 250 2,68%
Tatars 31 353 0,61%
Avars 30 735 0,60%
Jews 29 392 0,57%
Ukrainians 29 160 0,57%
Georgians 13 595 0,27%
Mountains Jews 11 653 0,23%
Turkish people 8 491 0,17%
Tat people 7 769 0,15%
Tsakhur people 6 208 0,12%
Udi people 5 492 0,11%
Kurds 5 488 0,11%
Belarusians 4 929 0,10%
Ossetians 2 315 0,05%
Moldovans 1 549 0,03%
Germans 1 361 0,03%
Lithuanians 1 349 0,03%
Poles 1 264 0,02%
Assyrian people 1 231 0,02%
Lak people 1 205 0,02%
Mordvins 1 150 0,02%
Other 13 828 0,27%

1989

1999

According to the Census held on January 27 - February 3, 1999, the total population was 7,953,383. 3,883,355 of them were men, 4,070,283 were women.[7][8] 90.59% of the population is Azerbaijanis.

Etnic group Population % Men Women
Total 7 953 438 100.00 3 883 155 4 070 283
Azerbaijanis 7 205 464 90.59 3 540 238 3 665 226
Lezgins 178 021 2.24 86 317 91 704
Russians 141 687 1.78 52 354 89 333
Armenians 120 745 1.52 57 951 62 794
Talysh 76 841 0.97 37 565 39 276
Avars 50 871 0.64 24 806 26 065
Turkish people 43 454 0.55 21 499 21 955
Tatars 30 011 0.38 13 196 16 815
Ukrainians 28 984 0.36 11 990 16 994
Tsakhur people 15 877 0.20 7 828 8 049
Georgians 14 877 0.19 7 257 7 620
Kurds 13 075 0.16 6 594 6 481
Tat people 10 922 0.14 5 462 5 460
Jews 8 916 0.11 4 121 4 795
Udi people 4 152 0.05 2 047 2 105
Others 9 541 0.12 3 930 5 611

2009

On April 13–22, 2009, the second census of the population in the Republic of Azerbaijan was held within 10 days. During the 2009 census, 35 questions were included in the questionnaire, 29 of which were related to the citizen and 6 of them were related to housing conditions. The census process was carried out by 24,483 people.

According to 2009 census, the total population of Azerbaijan was 8,172,809, 8 172 809 of which was Azerbaijanis.[9][10]

Etnic group Population %
Azerbaijanis 8 172 809 91.60%
Lezgins 180 312 2.02%
Armenians 120 269 1.47%
Russians 119 307 1.34%
Talysh people 110 934 1.24%
Avars 49 809 0.56%
Turkish people 37 967 0.43%
Tatars 25 882 0.29%
Tat people 24 901 0.28%
Ukrainians 21 484 0.24%
Tsakhur people 12 253 0.14%
Georgians 9 876 0.11%
Jews 9 066 0.10%
Kurds 6 063 0.07%
Qriz 4 343 0.05%
Udi people 3 771 0.04%
Khynalig people 2 233 0.025%
Others 11 168 0.12%
Total 8 922 447 100%

See also

Demographics of Azerbaijan

References

  1. ^ "AZƏRBAYCAN SSR CƏNUBİ QAFQAZIN ƏN ÇOXMİLLƏTLİ RESPUBLİKASIDIR (1920-1930-cu illər)" (PDF) (in Azerbaijani).
  2. ^ "Демоскоп Weekly - Приложение. Справочник статистических показателей". www.demoscope.ru. Retrieved 2018-07-21.
  3. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1937 года: общие итоги". www.demoscope.ru. Retrieved 2018-07-21.
  4. ^ "Демоскоп Weekly - Приложение. Справочник статистических показателей". www.demoscope.ru. Retrieved 2018-07-21.
  5. ^ "Демоскоп Weekly - Приложение. Справочник статистических показателей". www.demoscope.ru. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  6. ^ "Демоскоп Weekly - Приложение. Справочник статистических показателей". www.demoscope.ru. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  7. ^ "Ethnic composition of Azerbaijan 1999". pop-stat.mashke.org. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  8. ^ "Этнический состав Азербайджана (по переписи 1999 года)". www.demoscope.ru. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  9. ^ "Ethnic composition of Azerbaijan 2009". pop-stat.mashke.org. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  10. ^ "ПЛАНИРОВАНИЕ, ОРГАНИЗАЦИЯ И ТЕХНОЛОГИЯ ПРОВЕДЕНИЯ ПЕРЕПИСИ НАСЕЛЕНИЯ 2009 ГОДА В АЗЕРБАЙДЖАНСКОЙ РЕСПУБЛИКЕ" (PDF) (in Russian).

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