Census in Myanmar

Historical population
Sources: 1872-1983,[1] 2014[2]

The Burmese census is an official count of the human population in Burma (Myanmar).


The earliest census on record in Burmese history was taken in 1359 in the Pinya Kingdom. The first nationwide census was taken in 1638, and it was followed by two other nationwide censuses in 1784 and 1803.[3] The first modern census was taken in 1891 in the British colonial period. It was carried out in 10-year intervals until 1941.[4] In the post-independence area, the census has been conducted 3 times, in 1973, 1983, and 2014.

2014 Census

The last census was conducted by the Ministry of Immigration and Population's Department of Population, and was funded by Western donors, at a cost of US$74 million, and supervised by the United Nations Population Fund.[5]


  1. ^ Maung, M. Ismael Khin (April 1986). The population of Burma: An analysis of the 1973 Census (PDF). East-West Population Institute. ISBN 0866380779.
  2. ^ Population and Housing Census of Myanmar, 2014 Provisional results (PDF). 1. Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar: Department of Population, Ministry of Immigration and Population. August 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 July 2015. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  3. ^ Harvey, G. E. (1925). History of Burma: From the Earliest Times to 10 March 1824. London: Frank Cass & Co. Ltd. pp. 194, 269–270.
  4. ^ "President U Thein Sein attends the meeting to clarify country-wide census-taking (2014) process". Archived from the original on 23 October 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
  5. ^ "Ethnicity without Meaning, Data without Context" (PDF). Transnational Institute. February 2014. Cite journal requires |journal=

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