Census in the Philippines

The Philippine census of population and housing is a regularly occurring and official inventory of the human population as well as housing units in the Philippines. Since 1970, the population has been enumerated every 5 years.[a] The results used for the allocation of congressional seats and funding government programs.

By virtue of Republic Act No. 10625 known as the Philippine Statistical Act of 2013, censuses in the Philippines are administered by the Philippine Statistics Authority.[1]


The first census in the Philippines in 1591, was based on tributes collected and yielded about 666,712 people in the islands. In 1799, Friar Manuel Buzeta estimated the population count as 1,502,574. However, the first official census in the Philippines was carried out by the Spanish government pursuant to a royal decree calling for the counting of persons living as of the midnight of December 31, 1877. Based on this census, the Philippines had a population of 5,567,685 as of the reference date.[2] This was followed by another censuses, the 1887 census that yielded a count of 5,984,727.[3]

The first census conducted by the U.S. military forces took place in 1903 to fulfill Public Act 467 which was approved by the United States Philippine Commission on October 6, 1902.[4]

A four-volume description of this census was on hand some years ago at the National Archives in San Bruno, California, but the volumes appear to have since been misplaced.

Year Population Change Most populated region Most populated city Notes
1877 5,567,685 First official census by the Spanish government. Population excludes non-Christians.
1887 6,984,727 Population excludes non-Christians.
1903 7,635,426 Manila
First official census by the US government.
1918 10,314,310 Increase 2.03% Manila
1939 16,000,303 Increase 2.11% Manila
First and only census of the Commonwealth of the Philippines.
1948 19,234,182 Increase 2.07% Manila
First census of the independent Republic of the Philippines.
1960 27,087,685 Increase 2.89% Manila
1970 36,684,486 Increase 3.08% Manila
1975 42,070,660 Increase 2.79% Manila
Metro Manila, the National Capital Region (NCR) of the Philippines, was established in the same year.
1980 48,098,460 Increase 2.71% Metro Manila, Luzon
Manila, NCR
1990 60,703,206 Increase 2.36% Metro Manila, Luzon
Quezon City, NCR
No census was taken in 1985 due to political and economic crisis.
1995 68,616,536 Increase 2.32% Metro Manila, Luzon
Quezon City, NCR
2000 76,506,928 Increase 2.36% Metro Manila, Luzon
Quezon City, NCR
2007 88,566,732 Increase 2.04% Metro Manila, Luzon
Quezon City, NCR
Census not taken in 2005 due to reenacted budget in that year and the next.
2010 92,337,852 Increase 1.53% Calabarzon, Luzon
Quezon City, NCR
2015 100,981,437 Increase 1.72% Calabarzon, Luzon
Quezon City, NCR
This is the first census that recorded a population exceeding 100 million and the most recent Census.
2020 To be announced


For years between the censuses, the PSA and its precursor agencies have been issuing estimates made using surveys and statistical systems.

Based on the population census in 2015, the national population is 100,981,437 as of August 1, 2015. From 2010 to 2015, the population grew by 1.72% per year on the average.[5]

Acting Director General Augusto Santos of the National Economic and Development Authority said in 2008 that the Philippine population expanded from 1960 to 1970 at an annual rate of 3.01 percent. This slowed to 2.75 percent for the decade from 1970 to 1980, and further to 2.34 percent from 1990 to 2000.[6]

From 2001 to 2006, the Philippine population growth rate was similar to Malaysia with an average 2 per cent growth rate; but higher than Vietnam, 1.4 percent from 2001 to 2006; Indonesia, 1.3 percent; and Thailand, 0.8 percent.[7][8]


  1. ^ Except in 2005, where it was moved to 2007 due to budgetary constraints.


  1. ^ "Republic Act No. 10625". www.lawphil.net. Retrieved August 7, 2017.
  2. ^ "Census of Population | Philippine Statistics Authority". psa.gov.ph. Retrieved August 7, 2017.
  3. ^ Aurora E. Perez (1997). "The Population of The Philippines" (PDF).
  4. ^ "An act to provide for taking a census of the Philippine Islands". LawPH.com. n.d. Retrieved April 8, 2011.
  5. ^ "Highlights of the Philippine Population 2015 Census of Population | Philippine Statistics Authority". www.psa.gov.ph. Retrieved August 7, 2017.
  6. ^ Ordinario, Cai (April 17, 2008). "Population up to 88.57M in 2007". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved February 12, 2021.
  7. ^ [1] Manila Times
  8. ^ 2007 Census Results CD-ROM, DISDiv NSO, Manila

External links

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