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Charles I, Duke of Bourbon

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Charles I, Duke of Bourbon
TombeauCharlesIdeBourbon.jpg
Stone statue of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon in the abbey church of Souvigny
Born1401
Died4 December 1456 (aged 54–55)
Château de Moulins
Noble familyBourbon
Spouse(s)Agnes of Burgundy
FatherJohn I, Duke of Bourbon
MotherMarie, Duchess of Auvergne

Charles de Bourbon (1401 – 4 December 1456, Château de Moulins) was the oldest son of John I, Duke of Bourbon and Marie, Duchess of Auvergne.

He was Count of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis from 1424, and Duke of Bourbon and Auvergne from 1434 to his death, although due to the imprisonment of his father after the Battle of Agincourt, he acquired control of the duchy more than eighteen years before his father's death.[1]

In 1425, Charles renewed his earlier betrothal by marrying Agnes of Burgundy (1407–1476), daughter of John the Fearless.[2] Charles entered a relationship with Jeanne de Bournan, together they had Louis de Bourbon, Count of Roussillon. Louis founded the House of Bourbon-Roussillon (Rossello). Louis is known for his many services to the State. As a reward for his loyalty and dedication to Louis XI during the League of the Public Weal conflict, Louis XI gave him in marriage his legitimized daughter Jeanne de Valois.

Charles served with distinction in the Royal army during the Hundred Years' War, while nevertheless maintaining a truce with his brother-in-law and otherwise enemy, Philip III, Duke of Burgundy. Both dukes were reconciled and signed an alliance by 1440.[2] He was present at the coronation of Charles VII where he fulfilled the function of a peer and conferred knighthood.[1]

Despite this service, he took part in the "Praguerie" (a revolt by the French nobles against Charles VII) in 1439–1440. When the revolt collapsed, he was forced to beg for mercy from the King, and was stripped of some of his lands.[1] He died on his estates in 1456.

Children

Charles and Agnes had eleven children:

Illegitimate children

  • Louis de Bourbon, one of the first Knights of the Order of Saint-Michel, appointed by letters patent of Louis XI in 1469.
  • Renaud de Bourbon, abbot of Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte, Archbishop of Narbonne from 1473 to 1482.

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Pernoud & Clin 1986, p. 177.
  2. ^ a b Vaughan 2004, p. 123.
  3. ^ a b c d Ward, Prothero & Leathes 1911, p. table 25.

References

  • Pernoud, Régine; Clin, Marie-Véronique (1986). Joan of Arc. Translated by Adams, Jeremy duQuesnay. St.Martin's Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Vaughan, Richard (2004). Philip the Good. The Boydell Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Ward, Adolphus William; Prothero, G.W.; Leathes, Stanley, eds. (1911). The Cambridge Modern History. Volume 13. The Macmillan Co.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
Charles I, Duke of Bourbon
Born: 1401 Died: 4 December 1456
French nobility
Preceded by
John I and Marie
Duke of Auvergne
1434–1456
Succeeded by
John II
Preceded by
John I
Duke of Bourbon
Count of Forez

1434–1456
Count of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis
1424–1456

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