Charlevoix crater

Charlevoix impact structure
Charlevoix Meteorite Crater.jpg
Landsat image of the crater. The inner circle marks an early estimate of the diameter; the outer circle indicates a more recent size estimate
Impact crater/structure
Diameter54 km (34 mi)
Age450 ± 20 Ma
Ordovician to Silurian age[1]
Bolide typeStony meteorite
Coordinates47°32′N 70°18′W / 47.533°N 70.300°W / 47.533; -70.300Coordinates: 47°32′N 70°18′W / 47.533°N 70.300°W / 47.533; -70.300
Charlevoix crater is located in Canada
Charlevoix crater
Location of the crater in Canada

The Charlevoix impact structure is a large eroded meteorite impact structure in the Charlevoix region of Quebec, Canada.[2] Only part of the impact structure is exposed at the surface, the rest lying beneath the Saint Lawrence River.


The original impact structure is estimated to have been 54 kilometres (34 mi) in diameter and the age of the impact is estimated to be 450 ± 20 million years (Ordovician to Silurian age).[1] The projectile was probably a stony asteroid, at least 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) in diameter, and weighing an estimated 15 billion tonnes (1.7×1010 short tons). The Mont des Éboulements, situated in the exact centre of the impact structure, is interpreted as the central uplift, a consequence of elastic rebound.[3] The impact structure is classified as a multi-ringed basin with a central uplift.

The impact origin of Charlevoix impact structure was first realized in 1965 after the discovery of many shatter cones in the area. Other evidence for impact includes planar deformation features (PDFs) in quartz and feldspar grains.

In contrast to the surrounding craggy Laurentian Mountains, the impact structure is relatively smooth and flat, which has facilitated human settlement. Today, 90% of the people of Charlevoix live within this impact structure.[3]


  1. ^ a b Schmieder, M., Shaulis, B.J., Lapen, T.J., Buchner, E. and Kring, D.A., 2019. In situ U–Pb analysis of shocked zircon from the Charlevoix impact structure, Québec, Canada. Meteoritics & Planetary Science. 54(8) pp. 1808-1827.
  2. ^ "Charlevoix". Earth Impact Database. Planetary and Space Science Centre University of New Brunswick Fredericton. Retrieved 2017-10-09.
  3. ^ a b Interpretation Centre, Parc national des Grands-Jardins, Charlevoix

External links

This page was last updated at 2020-10-02 22:23, update this pageView original page

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