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Chisapani Gadhi

Chisapani Gadhi
Native name
Nepali: चिसापानी गढी
Kali Top.JPG
The big cannon located at the fort.
TypeFort
LocationBhimphedi, Nepal
Coordinates27°33′30″N 85°08′15″E / 27.55833°N 85.13750°E / 27.55833; 85.13750Coordinates: 27°33′30″N 85°08′15″E / 27.55833°N 85.13750°E / 27.55833; 85.13750
OwnerNepal

The Chisapani Gadhi is a fort in Bhimphedi, Makwanpur that was built around 1744–1745 AD.[1] The fort was controlled by the Sen Dynasty but after the Gorkha Kingdom (later became known as the Kingdom of Nepal) captured Makwanpur they used the fort for the military, administrative, trade and immigration purposes.[1] King Prithvi Narayan Shah used it to create an economic blockade to the Kathmandu Valley.[2] According to historians, the fort had a court, a check post, and an office for a local governor.[1] During the Anglo-Nepalese War, commander Ranabir Singh Thapa deployed many soldiers inside the fort.[3] But the forces did not directly face the East India Company.[4][5] Thapa at the Makwanpur Gadhi stopped the Company troops from getting into the fort, and they subsequently went moved to capture the Sim Bhanjyang instead.[4][5]

The fort also contains a Bhariva Temple.[4] Females are not allowed to go inside the fort.[5][6][7] The ancient rule is still practised.[5] There is a myth circulating that if a woman enters they might die or become unlucky.[8] Some local residents say that the sound of the big cannon firing caused miscarriages.[8] Journalist Durga Lamichhane went inside the fort and the temple many times, and she said that the local residents created a rumour that she had died.[9] Women's rights activists have spoken out against this in the past.[7] The caretaker of the fort told that "the sight of women, the weaker sex, inside the fort tended to weaken the soldiers in their resolve".[5]

Cannons and iron-balls located at the fort are preserved.[5][10] In 2019, The Kathmandu Post reported that the Gadhi was being renovated.[1] The government gave one million Nepalese rupees (NPR); the Bhimphedi Rural Municipality added 600,000 NPR, and the provincial government funded three million NPR to restore the site.[1] ECS Nepal described the fort as it "looked in a pitiably run-down state".[5]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Pratap, Bista (3 June 2019). "Renovation of historic Chisapani fort begins". The Kathmandu Post. Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  2. ^ "The History of Ancient And Medieval Nepal" (PDF). Digital Himalaya. Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  3. ^ "धेरैपटक लडाइँ भएको मकवानपुर दरबार". Nagarik (in Nepali). Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  4. ^ a b c "ऐतिहासिक चिसापानी गढीको संरक्षणमा तीनै तहका सरकारको चासो". Ujyaalo Online (in Nepali). Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Man Singh, Ravi (September 2013). "The Five-Year Animal Sacrifice". ECS Nepal. Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  6. ^ "पृथ्वीनारायण शाहको ससुराली घर !". Online Khabar (in Nepali). Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  7. ^ a b "राज्यको आँखा पुग्न नसकेको चिसापानीगढी". Thaha Times (in Nepali). 27 September 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  8. ^ a b "महिला निषेधित मन्दिर". Himal Khabar (in Nepali). Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  9. ^ "महिला निषेधित मन्दिर". Himal Khabarpatrika (in Nepali). Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  10. ^ Ancient Nepal (in Nepali). The Department. 2013.

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