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Kasserine Redirected from Colonia Cillilana

Coordinates: 35°10′N 8°50′E / 35.167°N 8.833°E / 35.167; 8.833

Kasserine

ڨصرين
Roman ruins at Kasserine.
Roman ruins at Kasserine.
Kasserine is located in Tunisia
Kasserine
Kasserine
Location in Tunisia
Coordinates: 35°10′N 8°50′E / 35.167°N 8.833°E / 35.167; 8.833
CountryFlag of Tunisia.svg Tunisia
GovernorateKasserine Governorate
Government
 • GovernorAtef Boughatas
 • MayorMaher Bouazzi
Population
(2020)
 • Total114.463
Time zoneUTC1 (CET)
Postal code
1253[1]

Kasserine (Arabic: القصرين‎, romanizedal-Qasrīn, Tunisian Arabic: ڨصرين About this soundGaṣrīn) is the capital city of the Kasserine Governorate, in west-central Tunisia. It is situated below Jebel ech Chambi, Tunisia's highest mountain.[2] Its population is 114.463 (2020).

History

In classical antiquity Kasserine was a Roman colony, known as Cillium. Under Roman Emperor Vespasian (69–79) or Titus (79-81), it was elevated to the rank of municipium, and under the Severan dynasty (193-235) to that of colonia (Cillilana). It became Roman territory following the defeat of Carthage in 146 BC, belonging to the provinces of Africa, Africa Vetus, Africa Proconsularus, and finally Africa Byzacena following the reforms of Diocletian in 314 AD.

Archaeological evidence remains on site: mausoleums, triumphal arches, thermae, a theatre and a Christian basilica.[3]

Tomb of the Flavii

One noted monument is the Tomb of the Flavii, built for local landowner Titus Flavius Secundus in the late second century AD. The Tomb contains a 110-line poem memorializing Flavius, and is the "longest extant Latin funerary epitaph from antiquity.[4]"

The theater was built at the end of the first century AD, probably to celebrate elevation of the town to a municipium,[5] It was restored, and reopened for performances in 2018.[6]

In 544 the Byzantines were defeated by the Berbers in the Battle of Cillium.

In 1906, an attack by local bedouin on isolated settler farms near Kasserine, and the French civil administration offices during the Thala-Kasserine Disturbances was the first violent resistance to French authority under the protectorate.

Ecclesiastical history

Cillium was important enough in the Roman province of Byzacena to become a suffragan of the Metropolitan of Hadrumetum.

Cillium was represented at the Conference of Carthage (411) between Catholic and Donatist bishops by the Catholic Tertiolus and the Donatist Donatus. In 484, Fortunatianus of Cillium was one of the Catholic bishops whom the Arian Vandal king Huneric summoned to Carthage and then exiled.[7][8][9]

Titular see of Cillium

No longer a residential bishopric, Cillium is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.[10]

Since its nominal restoration in 1925, the Latin titular bishopric has had the following incumbents, both of the lowest (episcopal) rank :

Geography

Kasserine is located in western central Tunisia. By road it is 200 kilometres west of Sfax, 246 kilometres (180 mi) south-west of Tunis, 166 kilometres (141 mi) south-west of Sousse.

Kasserine is divided into 11 districts:

  • El Arich
  • Ennour District
  • Essalem District
  • Ezzouhour District
  • El Bassatine District
  • El Fath District
  • El Karma District
  • El Khadhra District
  • El Manar District
  • Olympic District
  • Zouhour District

Climate

Climate data for Kasserine (1981–2010, extremes 1950–2017)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.2
(77.4)
31.5
(88.7)
33.0
(91.4)
34.7
(94.5)
41.7
(107.1)
43.4
(110.1)
43.6
(110.5)
42.5
(108.5)
40.3
(104.5)
36.0
(96.8)
31.6
(88.9)
26.5
(79.7)
43.6
(110.5)
Average high °C (°F) 13.7
(56.7)
15.1
(59.2)
18.4
(65.1)
21.5
(70.7)
26.8
(80.2)
32.1
(89.8)
35.9
(96.6)
35.1
(95.2)
29.7
(85.5)
25.1
(77.2)
18.7
(65.7)
14.7
(58.5)
23.9
(75.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.9
(46.2)
8.9
(48.0)
12.4
(54.3)
15.6
(60.1)
20.1
(68.2)
24.7
(76.5)
28.0
(82.4)
27.3
(81.1)
22.6
(72.7)
18.7
(65.7)
12.5
(54.5)
8.9
(48.0)
17.3
(63.1)
Average low °C (°F) 2.8
(37.0)
3.5
(38.3)
5.8
(42.4)
8.3
(46.9)
12.4
(54.3)
16.3
(61.3)
18.9
(66.0)
19.0
(66.2)
16.3
(61.3)
12.4
(54.3)
7.2
(45.0)
4.0
(39.2)
10.6
(51.0)
Record low °C (°F) −7.0
(19.4)
−6.0
(21.2)
−3.0
(26.6)
0.0
(32.0)
3.2
(37.8)
8.0
(46.4)
10.5
(50.9)
12.0
(53.6)
5.8
(42.4)
0.5
(32.9)
−3.1
(26.4)
−6.5
(20.3)
−7.0
(19.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 27.7
(1.09)
14.5
(0.57)
19.0
(0.75)
29.6
(1.17)
30.2
(1.19)
21.4
(0.84)
13.6
(0.54)
29.7
(1.17)
40.1
(1.58)
21.3
(0.84)
24.7
(0.97)
16.7
(0.66)
288.5
(11.37)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 2.9 2.2 3.9 4.3 4.5 3.1 1.6 3.6 4.7 3.7 3.3 2.3 40.1
Source: Institut National de la Météorologie (precipitation days 1961–1990)[12][13][14][note 1]

Sports

Haggui in action for Bayer Leverkusen in 2007.

Kasserine's most popular sport club is the AS Kasserine (football, soccer).

Notable people

References

  1. ^ Postal code of Kasserine, GeoPostcodes
  2. ^ "Jebel Chambi" on Peakbagger.com Retrieved 1 October 2011
  3. ^ Associazione Storico-Culturale S. Agostino: "Cillium"
  4. ^ Sawyer, Jesse Jake. "A COMMENTARY ON THE VERSE INSCRIPTION ON THE TOMB OF THE FLAVII AT CILLIUM" (PDF). uga.edu. Retrieved Feb 2, 2021.
  5. ^ Stillwell, Richard; et al. (1976). The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites. Princeton University Press. Retrieved Feb 2, 2021.
  6. ^ Ben Ali, Fawz (Aug 6, 2018). "Réhabilitation du théâtre de Cillium" (in French). Kapitalis. Retrieved Feb 2, 2021.
  7. ^ Stefano Antonio Morcelli, Africa christiana, Volume I, Brescia 1816, pp. 139–140
  8. ^ Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 465
  9. ^ J. Ferron, v. Cillium, in Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de Géographie ecclésiastiques, vol. XII, Paris 1953, coll. 831-832
  10. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 869
  11. ^ https://www.timesherald.com/news/most-reverend-louis-anthony-desimone-dies/article_5c824eac-c8cd-11e8-8027-afd89f37cf12.html
  12. ^ "Les normales climatiques en Tunisie entre 1981 2010" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Archived from the original on 19 December 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  13. ^ "Données normales climatiques 1961-1990" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Archived from the original on 21 December 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  14. ^ "Les extrêmes climatiques en Tunisie" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Archived from the original on 21 December 2019. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  15. ^ "Réseau des stations météorologiques synoptiques de la Tunisie" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  16. ^ Faouzia Aloui Profile in africultures
  17. ^ (in Arabic) Faouzia Aloui at Diwanalarab
  18. ^ Karim Haggui at worldfootball.net

Notes

  1. ^ The Station ID for Kasserine is 64646111.[15]

Sources and external links

See also


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