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Congress of the Republic of Guatemala Redirected from Congress of Guatemala

Congress of the Republic of Guatemala

Congreso de la República de Guatemala
Logo del Congreso de la República de Guatemala.svg
Type
Type
History
Founded1945
Leadership
Allan Estuardo Rodríguez, Vamos
since January 14, 2020
1st Vice President
Sofía Hernández, UCN
since January 14, 2020
2nd Vice President
Luis Alfonso Rosales, Valor
since January 14, 2020
3rd Vice President
Armando Damián Castillo, Viva
since January 14, 2020
Structure
Seats160 members
Congreso de Guatemala (2019).svg
Political groups
Government (77)
  • Vamos (17)
  • UCN (12)
  • Valor (9)
  • FCN (8)
  • Todos (7)
  • VIVA (7)
  • Humanist (6)
  • Citizen Prosperity (3)
  • BIEN (3)
  • Unionist (3)
  • Victory (2)

Opposition (80)

Others (3)

Elections
Closed-list proportional representation
Last election
June 16, 2019
Next election
2023
Meeting place
El Congreso de la República.JPG
Guatemala City
Website
www.congreso.gob.gt

The Congress of the Republic (Spanish: Congreso de la República) is the unicameral legislature of the Republic of Guatemala. The Guatemalan Congress is made up of 160 deputies who are elected by direct universal suffrage to serve four-year terms. The electoral system is closed party list proportional representation. 31 of the deputies are elected on a nationwide list, whilst the remaining 127 deputies are elected in 22 multi-member constituencies. Each of Guatemalas's 22 departments serves as a district, with the exception of the department of Guatemala containing the capital, which on account of its size is divided into two (distrito central and distrito Guatemala). Departments are allocated seats based on their population size and they are shown in the table below.

Department Deputies
Listado Nacional 31
Distrito Central 19
Alta Verapaz 9
Baja Verapaz 2
Chimaltenango 5
Chiquimula 3
El Progreso 1
Escuintla 6
Guatemala (Distrito) 11
Huehuetenango 10
Izabal 3
Jalapa 3
Jutiapa 4
Petén 4
Quetzaltenango 7
Quiché 8
Retalhuleu 3
Sacatepéquez 3
San Marcos 9
Santa Rosa 3
Sololá 3
Suchitepéquez 5
Totonicapán 4
Zacapa 2
Total 160

History

Guatemala had a bicameral legislature in the 1845 constitution. It was replaced with unicameral Chamber of Representatives (Spanish: Cámara de Representantes), which was reformulated as National Assembly (Spanish: Asamblea Nacional) in 1879, which was replaced by Congress of the Republic in 1945.[1]

Political culture

It is not uncommon for deputies to change parties during the legislature's term or to secede from a party and create a new party or congressional block.

Building

The Congress of the Republic Guatemala is located in the National Palace in Guatemala city.

During the protests against the budget for 2021, on 21 November 2020, protestors entered the building and set parts of it on fire.

Latest election

Result of the legislative election.
Congreso de Guatemala (2019).svg
Party National List Districts Total
seats
+/−
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
National Unity of Hope 724,517 17.92 7 47 54 +26
Vamos 321,830 7.96 3 13 16 New
National Change Union 220,728 5.46 2 10 12 +6
Valor 184,155 4.55 1 8 9 New
National Convergence Front 211,453 5.23 2 6 8 –27
Bienestar Nacional 193,604 4.79 2 6 8 +8
Semilla 212,012 5.24 2 5 7 New
Vision with Values 189,862 4.70 2 5 7 +3
Todos 177,307 4.39 1 6 7 –9
Humanist Party of Guatemala 188,327 4.66 2 4 6 New
Commitment, Renewal and Order 178,057 4.40 1 5 6 +1
Winaq 141,394 3.50 1 3 4 +3
Citizen Prosperity 132,968 3.29 1 2 3 New
Victoria 101,676 2.51 1 2 3 +3
Unionist Party 118,648 2.93 1 2 3 +2
Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity 112,489 2.78 1 2 3 +2
National Advancement Party 110,080 2.72 1 1 2 –1
Movement for the Liberation of Peoples 120,448 2.98 1 0 1 New
Podemos 67,910 1.68 0 1 1 –11
Fuerza 77,999 1.93 0 0 0 –1
Encuentro por Guatemala 70,490 1.79 0 0 0 –6
Convergence 49,463 1.22 0 0 0 –3
Libre 47,826 1.18 0 0 0 New
Avanza 34,983 0.87 0 0 0 New
Productivity and Work Party 29,582 0.73 0 0 0 New
Unidos 25,662 0.63 0 0 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 1,084,182
Total 5,127,244 100 32 100 128 160 +2
Registered voters/turnout 8,086,526 62.64
Source: Supreme Electoral Tribunal (99% counted)

See also

References

External links


This page was last updated at 2021-05-09 04:07, update this pageView original page

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