万维百科英文版

Constance Flower

Lady Constance Battersea, c.1904.png

Constance Flower (née Rothschild), Lady Battersea (1843–1931) was a society hostess and philanthropist in London who established the Jewish Association for the Protection of Girls, Women and Children (now subsumed by Jewish Care)[1] in 1885 and was prominent in the Temperance movement in the United Kingdom.[2][3][4]

She was born in Piccadilly, London on 29 April 1843, the elder daughter of Sir Anthony and Lady Louise de Rothschild. She had a younger sister, Annie Henrietta (1844–1926), who married the Hon. Elliot Constantine Yorke (1843–1878), son of Charles Yorke, 4th Earl of Hardwicke.

In 1877 she married Cyril Flower (1843–1907), a property developer and Liberal Party politician who later became Lord Battersea. They had met in 1864 through his friendship with her cousin, Leopold de Rothschild.[5] They had no children.

Lord and Lady Battersea were noted for their philanthropy towards working class people. After her husband was forced to retire early, Lady Battersea devoted most of her time and vast wealth to improving the living conditions of female prisoners; her work was recognised by her appointment by the Government to a prison board.[6]

In 1888 Lord and Lady Battersea acquired two cottages at Overstrand, a village near Cromer, Norfolk, for the purposes of creating a holiday home. In 1897 their architect, Edwin Lutyens, rebuilt and joined the cottages to form a large mansion in extensive gardens, The Pleasaunce.[7] Lady Battersea died there on 22 November 1931[2] and is buried at Willesden Jewish Cemetery.[4]

The National Portrait Gallery, London holds several portraits of her in its collection.[8]

References

  1. ^ "Archives of Jewish Care". Jisc. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Constance (Connie) de Rothschild (1843–1931)". Rothschild Archive. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  3. ^ "Testimonial to Lord & Lady Rothschild from the Jewish Association for the Protection of Women and Girls". Rothschild Archive. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  4. ^ a b Gordon Kuzmack, Linda. "Constance Lady Battersea Rothschild". Encyclopaedia of Jewish Women. Jewish Women's Archive. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
  5. ^ Taylor, Catherine. "Family letters: 'a brilliant affair'". Waddesdon. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
  6. ^ Cunliffe-Owen, Marguerite (psed)) (4 December 1907). "Letter of the Marquise de Fontenoy'". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 7 November 2019.
  7. ^ "The Pleasaunce, Overstrand". Historic England.
  8. ^ "Constance Flower (née de Rothschild), Lady Battersea". National Portrait Gallery, London. Retrieved 5 November 2019.

本页面最后更新于2019-11-09 21:09,点击更新本页查看原网页

本站的所有资料包括但不限于文字、图片等全部转载于维基百科(wikipedia.org),遵循 维基百科:CC BY-SA 3.0协议

万维百科为维基百科爱好者建立的公益网站,旨在为中国大陆网民提供优质内容,因此对部分内容进行改编以符合中国大陆政策,如果您不接受,可以直接访问维基百科官方网站


顶部

如果本页面有数学、化学、物理等公式未正确显示,请使用火狐或者Safari浏览器