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Consultative Assembly of Qatar

Consultative Assembly of Qatar

مجلس الشورى القطري
Type
Type
Leadership
Chairman
Ahmad bin Abdullah Al Mahmoud
since 14 November 2017
Seats45 members
Meeting place
Doha
Website
https://www.shura.qa

The Consultative Assembly (Arabic: مجلس الشورى القطري‎, romanizedMajlis as-Shura; also known as the Shura Council) is the legislative body of the State of Qatar, with 45 members. Following the first Qatari legislative election, it will have 30 elected members and 15 appointed members.[1][2]

Constitutional role

The Council was formed in April 1972 with 20 appointed members.[3] In May 1972, the first consultative assembly meeting was held, during which Sayed Aziz bin Khalid Al Ghanim was elected as the assembly's first chairman. Aside from the 20 members who took part in the meeting, Sheikh Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani and foreign dignitaries were also in attendance.[4]

Qatar's constitution, approved in April 2003 by popular referendum, has created a legislative body to be two thirds elected by universal suffrage, and one third appointed by the Emir. According to the constitution, the legislature will have three powers: to approve (but not prepare) the national budget; to monitor the performance of ministers through no-confidence votes; and to draft, discuss, and vote on proposed legislation, which becomes law only with the vote of a two-thirds majority and the Emir's endorsement.[citation needed]

Members

The current Chairman of the Consultative Assembly is Ahmed bin Abdullah al-Mahmud.

e • d Composition of the Consultative Assembly of Qatar
Members Seats
Appointed members 45
Total 45

Speaker

  • Ahmed bin Abdullah al-Mahmud[5]

Deputy speaker

  • Mohammed bin Abdulla al-Sulaiti

Rapporteurs[5]

  • Hadi bin Saeed al-Khayarin
  • Rashid bin Hamad al-Meadadi

Members[5]

  • Nasser bin Rashid al-Kaabi
  • Yousif bin Rashid al-Khater
  • Mohamed bin Khalid al-Maadeed
  • Ibrahim bin Khalifa al-Nasr
  • Nasser bin Sulaiman al-Hayder
  • Abdulla bin Khalid al-Mania
  • Nasser bin Khalil al-Jaida
  • Saqr bin Fahad al-Muraikhi
  • Nasser bin Ahmed al-Jehni
  • Ahmed bin Khalifa al-Rumaihi
  • Yousif bin Mohammed al-Obaidan
  • Ismail bin Mohammed bin Sharif al-Emadi
  • Abd ul-Rahman bin Yousuf al-Khulaifi
  • Yousef bin Ahmed al-Kawari
  • Abdulla bin Khalid al-Nuami
  • Mohamed bin Abd Ulla al-Abd al-Ghani
  • Dahlan bin Jaman al-Hamad
  • Hessa Sultan al-Jaber
  • Khalifa bin Ali al-Hetmi
  • Aisha Yousef al-Mannai
  • Abd ul-Aziz bin Mohammed al-Attiyyah
  • Nasser bin Salmaine al-Suwaidi
  • Mohammed bin Mahdi al-Ahbabi
  • Ali bin Abd Al-Latif al-Muhanadi
  • Nasser bin Sultan al-Hemaidi
  • Mubarak bin Saif al-Mansouri
  • Khalid bin Muhamed al-Kubaisi
  • Mohamed bin Mansour al-Shahwani
  • Khalid bin Abdulla al-Buainain
  • Mohammed bin Ali al-Henzab
  • Abdulla bin Fahad al-Marri
  • Abd al-Latif bin Mohammed al-Sada
  • Hind Abdul Rahman al-Muftah
  • Fahad bin Mohammed Buzwair
  • Saleh bin Abd Ulla al-Mannai
  • Mohamed bin Ali al-Maadid
  • Reem al-Mansoori

Chairmen

Name Entered office Left office Notes
Abdul Aziz Bin Khalid Al-Ghanim 1 May 1972 8 December 1990 [6]
Ali bin Khalifa Al Hitmi 8 December 1990 27 March 1995 [6]
Mohamed Bin Mubarak Al-Khulaifi 27 March 1995 14 November 2017 [6]
Ahmad bin Abdullah Al Mahmoud 14 November 2017 Present [7][8]

History

In 2006 it was announced that legislative elections would take place in 2007; according to a 1 April statement by then-First Deputy Premier and Foreign Minister Hamad bin Jassim bin Jaber Al Thani, who later became Prime Minister of Qatar. That was postponed and an advisory committee was established to study the issue. The legislative council rescheduled the elections for June 2010.[9] The election did not take place in 2010.

In November 2011, the Emir announced that the election would take place in 2013,[1][2] but they were postponed prior to the retiring Emir Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani transferring power to his son Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani.[10] The Consultative Assembly's term was extended until 2016.[11]

In November 2017, Emir Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani appointed four women to the 45-member council, marking the first time women have taken part in the council.[12]

However, the elections were then postponed until 2019, with the prior term extended once again.[13] In October 2019 the Emir issued an order for a committee to be formed to organise the elections, chaired by Prime Minister Khalid bin Khalifa bin Abdul Aziz Al Thani.[14] In November 2020, the Emir pledged to hold the elections in October 2021.[15]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Qatar elections to be held in 2013 - Emir". BBC News. 2011-11-01. Archived from the original on 2012-01-06. Retrieved 2012-01-07.
  2. ^ a b Agarwal, Hina (2011-11-09). "Qatar to hold elections in 2013". Arabian Gazette. Archived from the original on 2012-05-22. Retrieved 2012-01-07.
  3. ^ https://www.shura.qa/Pages/About%20Council/History
  4. ^ "The era of reform". New York: Permanent Mission of the State of Qatar to the United Nation. 1973. p. 7.
  5. ^ a b c "Current Speaker and Members". The Shura Council. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  6. ^ a b c "Previous Speakers And Members". Shura of Qatar. 12 January 2019.
  7. ^ https://www.shura.qa/en/Pages/About-Council/President-and-Members/Members/HE-Mr-Ahmad-Bin-Abdulla-Bin-Zaid-AL-Mahmoud
  8. ^ http://archive.ipu.org/parline/reports/2384.htm
  9. ^ Legislative Polls by June 2010 Archived September 17, 2012, at the Wayback Machine Gulf-Times. Nair, Arvind. December 1, 2009.
  10. ^ "Qatar emir hands power to son, no word on prime minister". Reuters. 2013-06-25.
  11. ^ Postponing democracy: Qatar’s modernization attempts fail without inclusive political institutions Archived 2015-04-20 at the Wayback Machine An-Nahar, 18 December 2014
  12. ^ "Qatar appoints four women to Shura Council". Al Jazeera. 9 November 2017. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-08-22. Retrieved 2016-10-16.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ Qatar takes step toward first Shura Council election: QNA agency Reuters, 31 October 2019
  15. ^ "قطر تعتزم إجراء أول انتخابات لمجلس الشورى في 2021". SWI swissinfo.ch (in Arabic). Retrieved 2021-03-23.



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