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Cyclone Seroja

Tropical Cyclone SerojaAus 2 icon.png
Current storm status
Category 2 tropical cyclone (Australian scale)
Current storm status
Tropical storm (1-min mean)
26S Geostationary VIS-IR 2021.png
Satellite image
2021 JTWC 26S forecast map.sh2621.gif
Forecast map
As of:02:00 AWST, 5 April
18:00 UTC, 5 April
Location:11°18′S 120°24′E / 11.3°S 120.4°E / -11.3; 120.4 (Tropical Cyclone Seroja)
770 km (480 mi) N of Broome
1,110 km (690 mi) NNE of Karratha
Sustained winds:55 knots (100 km/h; 65 mph) (10-min mean)
gusting to 75 knots (140 km/h; 85 mph)
50 knots (95 km/h; 60 mph) (1-min mean)
Pressure:982 hPa (29.00 inHg)
Movement:WSW at 14 knots (25 km/h; 15 mph)
See latest official information.

Tropical Cyclone Seroja is a currently active tropical cyclone that is responsible for a series of significant and disastrous flash floods and landslides in East Timor and Southern Indonesia. The twenty-second tropical low and seventh tropical cyclone of the 2020–21 Australian region cyclone season, the precursor of Seroja formed off the south coast of Timor island as Tropical Low 22U at 18:00 UTC on 3 April. The tropical low moved very slowly near the island, while the system's thunderstorms slowly increased in organization. The low intensified into Tropical Cyclone Seroja by 4 April, while it was passing north of Rote Island, while continuing its slow strengthening trend.

As of 5 April 2021, it is estimated that at least 160 people were killed by the storm, with 133 people in Indonesia and 27 in East Timor. Dozens remain missing, while thousands of people have been displaced.[1][2][3][4][5] The cyclone damaged or destroyed at least 90 houses and five bridges in Indonesia's East Nusa Tenggara province while 2,655 people were evacuated to government-owned shelters.[6][7] The scale of the damage in East Timor is currently unknown.

Meteorological history

Map plotting the track and the intensity of the storm, according to the Saffir–Simpson scale

On 3 April, Tropical Low 22U formed within an active trough, to the south of Timor.[8] The low was located in a generally favorable environment with deep moisture, low vertical wind shear, and defined outflow.[9] The low drifted close to the coast of Timor very slowly with persistent spiraling bands of convection occupying the storm's circulation, producing prolific rainfall in the surrounding regions on 4 April.[10] At this time, the low pressure system was located inside the Area of Responsibility (AOR) of TCWC Jakarta.[11] By the early morning of 3 April, the presentation of its structure had improved with spiral bands of deep convection and tight curvature at its center.[12] Although there were fluctuations in central convection, a favorable environment of deep moisture, low vertical wind shear, and good outflow meant further development of the system was expected.[9][10] Meanwhile, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) issued their first warning on the storm as Tropical Cyclone 26S at 15:00 on UTC 4 April.[13] The tropical low slowly gained strength, intensifying to a Category 1 Tropical Cyclone, and was given the name Seroja by TCWC Jakarta at 20:00 UTC on 4 April, about 95 km (60 mi) north of Rote Island.[14][15]

Current storm information

As of 18:00 UTC (02:00 AWST) on 5 April, Tropical Cyclone Seroja is located within 20 nautical miles of 11°18′S 120°24′E / 11.3°S 120.4°E / -11.3; 120.4 (seroja). Maximum 10-minute sustained winds are at 55 knots (100 km/h; 65 mph) while maximum 1-minute sustained winds are at 50 knots (95 km/h; 60 mph), with gusts up to 70 knots (130 km/h; 80 mph). The minimum central barometric pressure is 982 hPa (29.00 inHg). It is currently moving west south-west with a speed of 14 knots (25 km/h; 15 mph)

For the latest official information see:

Australian TCWC

TCWC Jakarta

JTWC Cyclone Warning

Preparations

The Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysical Agency of the Indonesian government declared two days before the cyclone's formation that they were already anticipating the possibility of tropical cyclone development over the Savu Sea.[16] On 4 April 2021, the agency issued an early warning.[17][18] The Bureau of Meteorology warned on 5 April 2021 that Seroja could approach West Pilbara. It was also advised that tourists be ready to change plans, in case the cyclone impacts the area and brings rough conditions.[19]

Impact

As of 5 April 2021, a total of 160 people were confirmed to have been killed by the cyclone. Of them, 133 died in Indonesia and 27 in East Timor.[1][20]

East Timor

Flood in East Timor capital, Dili

In East Timor, a landslide and floods displaced more than 8,000 people and the deaths of 27 in total,[21][22] 13 of them in the capital city of Dili.[23][24][25] The storm caused power outages in the entirety of East Timor, in addition of damaging the presidential palace.[25] Flood caused by the storm damaged national laboratory of Guido Valadares National Hospital, the only laboratorium in the country, causing concern that it would affect East Timor effort to mitigate COVID-19 pandemic.[26] The flood also seemed to have to damaged the country's central pharmacy, where vaccine stocks for East Timor population stored.[26][27] Other damaged facilities include two COVID-19 isolation facilities.[28][28][29][4] It is thought that many more people in East Timor have died due to the storm's widespread flooding.[29][4] At least 8 people remain missing. [23]

Indonesia

Aftermath of flood caused by the cyclone, East Flores Regency

As a tropical low, Seroja caused widespread rainfall and thunderstorms in West Nusa Tenggara and East Nusa Tenggara provinces in Indonesia.[30][31][32] On 5 April, 92 bodies were found, bringing the death toll in the country to 133.[1][3][4][5] At least 71 people remain missing. [23] The high death toll was most likely because most people were sleeping when the cyclone made landfall, meaning that it was unexpected.[33]

In the East Flores Regency, fourteen villages were hit by flash flooding as a result of runoff of volcanic materials from Mount Ile Lewotolok. [23][34] 67 people were confirmed dead by 4 April.[23] Dozens of homes were buried under mudslides in the village of Lamenele on Adonara island.[35][36][23] 49 people were killed and 28 seriously injured.[23] Bridges and roads connecting to Flores Island and Adonara Island were destroyed.[35][36] Two rivers in Ende district burst their banks killing two people and resulted in extensive flooding in East Flores. [23]

In the City of Kupang, 734 houses were damaged, affecting 2,190 people, while in Rote Ndao, around 30 houses were flooded. [37][38] A bridge connecting the cities of Kupang and Malaka Regency was destroyed, making travel between the two regions extremely difficult.[39][40] A ship sunk on a port in Kupang city, resulting in casualties.[41] Trans-Timor roads were flooded, cutting off access between regencies.[38] The office building of the governor of East Nusa Tenggara, commonly known as "Sasando Building" was also damaged by the cyclone.[42]

Five cities and regencies experienced power outages, but electricity was partially restored later.[43] At least 98 base transceiver station in East Nusa Tenggara province were damaged, although some were restored later by Ministry of Communication and Information Technology.[44]

Four fuel trucks owned by Pertamina were damaged.[45] A dam in East Sumba overflowed, causing a flood in a neighboring city.[46] The cyclone affected areas as far as city of Bima in West Nusa Tenggara, where it caused floods, submerging 10,000 homes and affected more than 27,000 people.[23][47]

Aftermath

East Timor

East Timor Prime Minister Taur Matan Ruak cited the floods as one of the most devastating incidents to affect the country in 40 years.[21] East Timor government later held an emergency meeting to assess the situation.[26] The Civil Protection Agency of Timor Leste is currently planning an emergency response. According to the Lusa News Agency, it is impossible for East Timor to currently balance the damage mitigation with the limited resources the country has.[48][28] Portugal is ready to send assistance to East Timor, according to Foreign Minister Augusto Santos Silva.[28] European Union and United Nations both also expressed sympathy and said that they are ready to assist the East Timor government to repair damaged infrastructure and assistance for victims.[28] East Timorese Minister of Interior distributed foods to victims on a hotel, which said to be cooked personally by his wife.[22] TSF Radio said the assistance was symbolic and far from enough to assist the victims.[22]

Indonesia

Several schools on the Indonesia-Timor Leste border were evacuated by the Indonesian Army stationed there before they collapsed.[49][50] Police in Kefamenanu assisted by the army evacuated most of the town residents amid flooding in the region.[51] Evacuation processes in the East Flores Regency was hampered by the lack of heavy equipment, limited access to the sea, and a lack of effective shelter in the area.[36][52] The Indonesian State Electric Company was only able to repair 82% of damaged power infrastructure in residential areas, while the rest was difficult to repair because of the extreme weather and floods.[53][54]

The City of Kupang declared a state of emergency, but they lacked emergency response funds and had limited personnel to provide a response.[38] An emergency bridge was constructed to help victims evacuate in East Flores.[55] President Joko Widodo at a press conference on 5 April 2021, offered his condolences "in the name of all Indonesian people".[56][57] He also urged all government institutions to mitigate the damage caused by the cyclone.[58] The Nasdem Party set up public kitchens for the victims.[59]The chief of the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management, Doni Monardo planned to visit East Flores on 5 April 2021.[60][61] In addition to rubber boats, shelters, and personnel, the Indonesian government sent food, blankets, masks, and COVID-19 rapid tests.[62][63][64] State-owned oil company Pertamina responded by replacing 4 damaged fuel trucks to help distribute fuel to victims in the region.[65] As of 5 April 11:00 AM Western Indonesian Time, a logistical route for fuel to Adonara Island has been restored.[66] El Tari International Airport has resumed its operations on 5 April 10:00 Western Indonesian Time after being closed since the night before.[67]

Distribution of aid was limited by weather condition and damaged infrastructure.[68][69] The People's Representative Council urged the government to speed up the distribution of relief and suggested using Indonesian army personnel to help overcome logistical hurdles.[63][70] The Ministry of Social Affairs sent aid to flood victims in the city of Bima.[71] Kodam IX/Udayana personels constructed eight shelter center, 20 field kitchens, and six field hospitals.[72]

The central government of Indonesia prepared additional state funds to assist victims and the reconstruction of cities and villages in the province.[73] Indonesians organized a donation campaign for victims, especially for East Nusa Tenggara, and gathered almost 1,000,000,000 rupiahs or around $70,000 as of 6 April.[74] Ministry of Social Affairs gave compensation of around $1,000 each for deceased victim and $300 each to injured victims, in addition of other aids totalling around $760,000.[75] Governor of East Java, Khofifah Indar Parawansa also send additional assistance & aid to affected region.[76] COVID-19 Task Force personels were send to the affected regions & shelters to limit the spread of COVID-19, using experience from 2021 South Kalimantan floods and 2021 West Sulawesi earthquake.[77]

Logistical assistance from Ministry of Social Affairs, Indonesia

Controversy

The lack of a direct response by the local government was criticized by Indonesian netizens and NGOs, such as WALHI. The hashtag #PrayforNTT become viral in Indonesia through Twitter.[78][79] WALHI pressured the provincial government of the province of East Nusa Tenggara to declare a state of emergency and criticized the lack of a response from the governor there, Viktor Laiskodat.[80][12] The Prosperous Justice Party criticized Indonesian president Joko Widodo for attending the marriage of Indonesian celebrity Atta Halilintar instead of addressing the disaster.[81][82] As of 6 April, the provincial government in Kupang city had not yet responded and most of assistance instead came from the central government.[83]

See also

References

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