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Daatsʼiin language

Daatsʼiin
Native toEthiopia
RegionBenishangul-Gumuz Region
EthnicityGumuz
Native speakers
300 (2015)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3dtn
Glottologdaat1234[2]

Daatsʼiin is a Gumuz language of western Ethiopia. The community of speakers is in western Ethiopia, very near the Sudan border, just north of where the Blue Nile River crosses from Ethiopia into Sudan.[3]

Daatsʼiin was first reported in 2013 and described by Colleen Ahland in 2014. Ahland has described it further in 2016.[4] A comparative word list of Daatsʼiin, Northern Gumuz, and Southern Gumuz is available in Ahland & Kelly (2014).[5]

Of the other Gumuz languages, Daatsʼíin has the greatest lexical similarity to Southern Gumuz, but the two groups communicate in Arabic or Amharic.[6]

Grammar

Daatsʼíin has several grammatical differences from other Gumuz languages. Verbs inflect for aspect (perfective–imperfective) rather than for tense (future–non-future). Verbs are polysynthetic in all languages, but the order of the morphemes differs in Daatsʼiin, and some morphemes that occur in one language do not occur in the other(s).[6] "The major constituent order in Daatsʼíin clauses tend to be AVO/SV."[7]

References

  1. ^ Daatsʼiin at Ethnologue (19th ed., 2016)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Daatsʼiin". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ map on p. 419. Colleen Ahland. 2016. Daatsʼíin, a newly identified undocumented language of western Ethiopia: A preliminary examination. In Doris L. Payne, Sara Pacchiarotti & Mokaya Bosire (eds.), Diversity in African languages, 417–449. Berlin: Language Science Press.
  4. ^ Colleen Ahland. 2016. Daatsʼíin, a newly identified undocumented language of western Ethiopia: A preliminary examination. In Doris L. Payne, Sara Pacchiarotti & Mokaya Bosire (eds.), Diversity in African languages, 417–449. Berlin: Language Science Press.
  5. ^ Ahland, Colleen and Eliza Kelly. 2014. Daatsʼíin-Gumuz Comparative Word list.
  6. ^ a b [1]
  7. ^ p. 440. Colleen Ahland. 2016. Daatsʼíin, a newly identified undocumented language of western Ethiopia: A preliminary examination. In Doris L. Payne, Sara Pacchiarotti & Mokaya Bosire (eds.), Diversity in African languages, 417–449. Berlin: Language Science Press.

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