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Death and funeral of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh

Death of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
Prince Philip in Berlin 2015 (cropped).JPG
The Duke of Edinburgh in 2015
Date9 April 2021(2021-04-09) (aged 99)
LocationWindsor Castle, United Kingdom

On the morning of 9 April 2021, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, died, aged 99. He was the husband of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth realms, and the longest-serving royal consort in British history.[1] The cause of death has not yet been disclosed though an official statement says he "died peacefully".[2]

The Duke is entitled to a full state funeral, but had indicated a wish for minimal "fuss".[2][3] His wishes are claimed to indicate a military funeral to be conducted at St George's Chapel and burial at Frogmore Gardens, though burial at St George's Chapel would be more traditional.[3]

Health issues

On 16 February 2021, Philip was admitted to King Edward VII's Hospital as a precautionary measure after feeling unwell. On 1 March, Philip was transferred to St Bartholomew's Hospital and on 3 March, he underwent a successful procedure for his pre-existing heart condition.[4] On 5 March, he was transferred back to King Edward's,[5] and on 16 March he was discharged.[6]

Operation Forth Bridge

Named after a notable feature of the city of his dukedom, the national plan for publicly handling the Duke's death is called Operation Forth Bridge. Initiated upon his death, the plan included a press release issued by Buckingham Palace simultaneously to the BBC and Press Association; protocol assumed the Lord Chamberlain consulted with the Queen prior to the press release. At the time of the release, flags were lowered to half-mast, where they will remain for a period of national mourning. During this period, all UK television presenters must wear black.[3] No public viewings are expected and no laws will be passed in an eight day mourning period for the Prince.[7]

The website of the Royal Family temporarily removed all its content and replaced it with a black background, displaying a statement from the palace.[8]

Reactions

Domestic

An official notice announcing the death of
Prince Philip, posted outside the Palace of Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh

Prime Minister Boris Johnson, speaking from 10 Downing Street, expressed his condolences and stated that Prince Philip "helped to steer the Royal Family and the monarchy so that it remains an institution indisputably vital to the balance and happiness of our national life."[9][10][11] The Leader of the Opposition, Keir Starmer; Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon;[12] Welsh First Minister Mark Drakeford;[13] Northern Ireland First Minister Arlene Foster;[14] and former British Prime Ministers John Major, Tony Blair, Gordon Brown, David Cameron and Theresa May all expressed similar sentiments.[12][15][16][17] Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, said he was "grateful" for the contribution Prince Philip had made to the city.[18] The Speaker of the House of Commons and the Lord Speaker both released statements expressing their sadness and sympathies to the Royal Family. [19]

Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby said that he joined the rest of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth in mourning and gave thanks to God for the "extraordinary life of dedicated service" of Prince Philip. Welby also said that "[Philip] was a master at putting people at their ease and making them feel special".[12] Other religious leaders offered similar condolences, including Cardinal Vincent Nichols, head of the Catholic Church in England & Wales; Zara Mohammed, secretary general of the Muslim Council of Britain; and Ephraim Mirvis, Chief Rabbi of the United Hebrew Congregations of the Commonwealth.[20][21]

Commonwealth

As a senior member of the British royal family, Prince Philip was also a prominent figure in the Commonwealth of Nations and, particularly, the Commonwealth realms.[22]

 Australia: Governor-General David Hurley extended "deepest condolences" on behalf of Australians and thanked the Duke for his service.[23][24] Prime Minister Scott Morrison expressed similar sentiments,[1][25][26] as did former Prime Ministers Julia Gillard, Kevin Rudd, Malcolm Turnbull and Tony Abbott.[27][28][29][30] Per protocol, the Australian flag is to be flown at half-mast on 10 April 2021, to mark mourning and respect for the Duke.[31]

 Canada: Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau issued a statement of mourning, as well as highlighting Prince Philip's commitment to Canada, including his links with the Canadian Armed Forces.[32] The Leader of the Opposition Erin O'Toole also expressed similar remarks.[33] The national flag is to be flown at half-mast, a measure expected to last until sunset on the day of the memorial service.[34]

 India: Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi said his thoughts were "with the British people and the Royal Family on the passing away of HRH The Prince Philip" and praised the Duke's efforts in promoting community service initiatives.[35][1]

 Kenya: President of Kenya Uhuru Kenyatta stated that Prince Philip was a "towering symbol of family values and the unity of the British people as well as the entire global community" and a man who had worked for the "peaceful co-existence of the human race". [36]

 Malta: Maltese Prime Minister Robert Abela wrote in a statement: "Truly saddened by the loss of Prince Philip, who made Malta his home and returned here so often. Our people will always treasure his memory." [37][36]

 New Zealand: New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern released a statement expressing condolences and directed that flags on government and naval buildings be flown at half-mast.[38][39]

 Pakistan: Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan stated his condolences, saying that "Britain has lost a wise elder who was imbued with a unique spirit of public service."[40]

 Tanzania: President of Tanzania Samia Suluhu Hassan stated her condolences through Twitter saying "I convey my heartfelt condolences to you Your Majesty and through you to the People of the United Kingdom following the sudden demise of Prince Phillip"[41], later adding "We stand with you during this difficult time of loss and mourning. May his soul rest in eternal peace. Amen"[42][36]

International

 Denmark: Condolences were issued by Margrethe II, the Queen of Denmark, a nation of which Philip was born a prince. It stated "Her Majesty the Queen has today sent personal condolences to Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II in connection with the death of His Royal Highness Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh."[43][44]

 France: French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said that the Duke was a man of "great style" and stated that "France joins in the sorrow of its friends across the Channel and salutes the life, at once European and British, of a man who was a witness to a century of trials and hopes for our continent." [45][36]

 Guatemala: President Alejandro Giammattei offered his condolences to the Royal Family. [46]

 Ireland: Taoiseach Micheál Martin and Irish President Michael D. Higgins expressed sadness, giving their thoughts to the United Kingdom.[12][47]

 Israel: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu stated his condolences, saying "Prince Philip was the consummate public servant and will be much missed in Israel and across the world."[12]

 Mexico: Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador expressed his condolences, saying, "On behalf of the Government and people of Mexico, I express our sincere condolences to Queen Elizabeth II, to family and friends, as well as to the British people. Rest in peace."[48]

 Netherlands: King Willem-Alexander, Queen Máxima and Princess Beatrix issued a press release stating "It is with great respect that we remember His Royal Highness Prince Philip. [...] Our deepest and most heartfelt sympathy goes out to Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth and all the members of the Royal Family."[49] Mark Rutte, Dutch Prime Minister, expressed his condolences and sympathy.[50]

 Norway: Norwegian Prime Minister, Erna Solberg, expressed her condolences and sadness,[51] and Harald V, the King of Norway, issued a press release sending condolences to the British royals and citizens.[52]

 Philippines: Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte said "The Philippines and the United Kingdom have strong bilateral ties and we share the grief of the British people in this period of bereavement".[53]

 Romania: Custodian of the Crown of Romania Margareta of Romania gave a long statement, expressing she was "deeply saddened by the passing of His Royal Highness Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh [...] All generations of the Romanian and British Royal Families were close, but, for today's generation, Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip stand as spiritual models and fundamental sources of inspiration."[54] The President of Romania, Klaus Iohannis, released a statement, saying that he "learned with great sadness" about the passing of Philip, expressing his condolences and full confidence that history will honor the contribution of His Royal Highness.[55]

 Russia: Vladimir Putin sent a message conveying his condolences to the Royal Family.[56]

 Spain: Felipe VI and Queen Letizia of Spain telegrammed "Dear Aunt Lillibet" in mourning of "Dear Uncle Philip" stating "We shall never forget the moments that we shared with him and the legacy of service and dedication to the Crown and the United Kingdom by your side". [36]

 Sweden: Carl XVI Gustaf, the King of Sweden, issued a press release stating "The Queen and I were deeply saddened to learn of the death of His Royal Highness [...] We offer our sincere condolences to Her Majesty The Queen, The Royal Family and the people of the United Kingdom."[57]

  Switzerland: The President of the Swiss Confederation Guy Parmelin expressed his condolences on behalf of the Swiss people.[58]

 United States: President Joe Biden and First Lady Jill Biden offered their condolences, saying that "Prince Philip's legacy will live on not only through his family, but in all the charitable endeavors he shaped."[59] Former President George W. Bush said that "[Prince Phillip] represented the United Kingdom with dignity" and "we know how much he will be missed."[12] In his personal statement, former President Jimmy Carter shared an image of him with Prince Philip on social media and expressed his condolences.[60]

Non-governmental organisations

 European Union: The President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen released a brief statement, saying that she was "saddened" to hear of Philip's death, and expressing her "sincere sympathy to Her Majesty The Queen, the Royal Family and the people of the United Kingdom".[61]

 United Nations: A spokesperson for Secretary-General of the United Nations António Guterres said he was "saddened at the passing of His Royal Highness Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh" and "extends condolences to Her Majesty, the Queen, and to the people of the United Kingdom."[62] Guterres also paid "tribute to the Duke of Edinburgh for his active work for the betterment of humankind."[62]

References

  1. ^ a b c "Prince Philip has died aged 99, Buckingham Palace announces". BBC News. 9 April 2021. Archived from the original on 9 April 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  2. ^ a b Shields, Bevan (9 April 2021). "Prince Philip dies in Windsor Castle aged 99". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Traynor, Sian (22 February 2021). "Everything that will happen in 'Operation Forth Bridge' when Prince Philip dies". Edinburgh Live. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  4. ^ "Prince Philip recovering from successful heart procedure". BBC News. 4 March 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  5. ^ "Prince Philip transfers back to King Edward VII's Hospital". BBC News. 5 March 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  6. ^ "Prince Philip: Duke of Edinburgh leaves hospital after a month". BBC News. 16 March 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  7. ^ Mosalski, Ruth (9 April 2021). "Operation Forth Bridge: What happens now after Prince Philip's death". WalesOnline. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  8. ^ "The British Monarchy". The British Monarchy. Archived from the original on 9 April 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  9. ^ Eccleston, Ben (9 April 2021). "Reaction and updates: Prince Philip dies at age of 99". Coventry Telegraph. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  10. ^ "Tributes paid to Prince Philip". BBC News. 9 April 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  11. ^ "Boris Johnson speaks to nation after death of Prince Philip – video". The Guardian. 9 April 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  12. ^ a b c d e f "Factbox: World reacts to death of Britain's Prince Philip". Reuters. 9 April 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  13. ^ "First Minister of Wales pays tribute to The Duke of Edinburgh". 9 April 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  14. ^ "Prince Philip 'widely respected' in Northern Ireland". BBC News. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  15. ^ "Statement from David Cameron, on the sad news that His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh has passed away". Twitter. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  16. ^ "Politicians mark 'extraordinary life' of Prince Philip". BBC News. 9 April 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  17. ^ "Boris Johnson pays tribute to Prince Philip's 'ethic of service'". the Guardian. 9 April 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  18. ^ "Latest Updates: Reaction to Prince Philip's Death". The New York Times. 9 April 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  19. ^ "Death of HRH The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh". www.parliament.uk. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  20. ^ "Cardinal prays for the repose of the soul of Prince Philip". rcdow.org.uk. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  21. ^ "MCB sends its condolences on passing of the Duke of Edinburgh". Muslim Council of Britain (MCB). 9 April 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  22. ^ Dunham, Jackie (9 April 2021). "Always by her side: The life of Prince Philip, the Queen's lasting love". CTV News. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  23. ^ "Live: The world reacts to the death of Prince Philip". www.abc.net.au. 9 April 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  24. ^ The Governor General has made a statement following Prince Philip's death | ABC News, retrieved 9 April 2021
  25. ^ "Live: The world reacts to the death of Prince Philip". www.abc.net.au. 9 April 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  26. ^ Scott Morrison [@scottmorrisonmp] (9 April 2021). "Statement on His Royal Highness The Duke of Edinburgh" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  27. ^ Julia Gillard [@juliagillard] (9 April 2021). "I have fond memories of spending time with Prince Philip" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  28. ^ Kevin Rudd [@mrkrudd] (9 April 2021). "Our thoughts should all be with Her Majesty The Queen at this time" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  29. ^ Malcolm Turnbull [@TurnbullMalcolm] (9 April 2021). "Farewell Prince Philip" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  30. ^ Tony Abbott [@hontonyabbott] (9 April 2021). "Vale His Royal Highness The Duke Of Edinburgh" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  31. ^ "His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh: Australian National Flag to fly at Half-Mast". www.pmc.gov.au. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  32. ^ "Statement by the Prime Minister of Canada on the passing of The Duke of Edinburgh". Prime Minister of Canada. 9 April 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  33. ^ @erinotoole (9 April 2021). "My statement on the passing of HRH Prince Philip" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  34. ^ Heritage, Canadian (3 May 2018). "National Flag of Canada half-masting notices". aem. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  35. ^ "PM Modi condoles death of UK's Prince Philip". ANI News. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  36. ^ a b c d e "Prince Philip: World leaders react to the death of the Duke of Edinburgh". BBC News. 9 April 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  37. ^ @RobertAbela_MT (9 April 2021). "Truly saddened by the loss of Prince Philip..." (Tweet). Retrieved 9 April 2021 – via Twitter.
  38. ^ "World leaders react to news of Duke of Edinburgh's death". RNZ. 10 April 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  39. ^ "The Duke of Edinburgh". The Beehive. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  40. ^ "Imran Khan on Twitter: "My condolences on the demise of HRH Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. Britain has lost a wise elder who was imbued with a unique spirit of public service. His role in promoting Pakistan-UK relations will always be remembered."". Twitter. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  41. ^ @SuluhuSamia (9 April 2021). "On behalf or the Government and the People of the United Republic of Tanzania..." (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  42. ^ @SuluhuSamia (9 April 2021). "We stand with you during this difficult time of loss and mourning" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  43. ^ "H.M. Dronningen sender kondolence" [H.M. The Queen sends her condolences]. Kongehuset (in Danish). 9 April 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  44. ^ "Dronning Margrethe har sendt en personlig kondolence efter prins Philips død" [Queen Margrethe has sent a personal condolence following the death of Prince Philip]. DR (in Danish). Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  45. ^ @JY_LeDrian (9 April 2021). "Après la disparition du Prince Philip..." (Tweet) (in French). Retrieved 9 April 2021 – via Twitter.
  46. ^ @DrGiammattei (9 April 2021). "Presento mis condolencias a su majestad la Reina Isabel II y a toda la familia real británica ante el fallecimiento del Príncipe Felipe, Duque de Edimburgo. Nuestra solidaridad con el pueblo británico en estos momentos difíciles" (Tweet) (in Spanish). Retrieved 9 April 2021 – via Twitter.
  47. ^ "Statement from President Higgins on the death of Prince Philip". Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  48. ^ "Presidente de México envía pésame al Reino Unido por muerte de príncipe Felipe". Infobae (in Spanish). Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  49. ^ Affairs, Ministry of General (9 April 2021). "Response by King Willem-Alexander, Queen Máxima and Princess Beatrix upon the death of Prince Philip – News item – Royal House of the Netherlands". www.royal-house.nl. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  50. ^ @MinPres (9 April 2021). "On behalf of the government I have sent my condolences to prime minister @BorisJohnson on hearing the sad news of the death of His Royal Highness Prince Philip. Our thoughts and sympathy are with Britain's Royal Family and the British people at this time of mourning" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  51. ^ Olsson, Svein Vestrum; Kristensen, Mette (9 April 2021). "Kong Harald kondolerer det britiske folk". NRK (in Norwegian). Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  52. ^ "Prince Philip: -Prince Philip has died" (in Norwegian). VG. 9 April 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  53. ^ "Duterte condoles with British royal family on Prince Philip's death". CNN Philippines. 9 April 2021.
  54. ^ "Ducele de Edinburg, In Memoriam | Familia Regală a României / Royal Family of Romania" (in Romanian). Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  55. ^ Iohannis, Klaus [@KlausIohannis] (9 April 2021). "I learned with great sadness about the passing of His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh" (Tweet). Retrieved 9 April 2021 – via Twitter.
  56. ^ "Condolences to Elizabeth II, Queen of United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland". President of Russia. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  57. ^ "Uttalande med anledning av H.K.H. Hertigens av Edinburgh frånfälle - Sveriges Kungahus". www.kungahuset.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  58. ^ @ParmelinG (9 April 2021). "It was with sadness that I learned of the death of Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  59. ^ @POTUS (9 April 2021). "Prince Philip's legacy will live on not only through his family, but in all the charitable endeavors he shaped. Jill and I are keeping the Queen and Prince Philip's children, grandchildren, great-grandchildren, and the people of the United Kingdom in our hearts during this time" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  60. ^ Brunner, Raven (9 April 2021). "Prince Philip has died: Queen Elizabeth II's husband passes away aged 99". Monsters and Critics. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  61. ^ Ursula von der Leyen [@vonderleyen] (9 April 2021). "I am saddened to hear of the passing of His Royal Highness Prince Philip" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  62. ^ a b "Statement by the Spokesperson for the Secretary-General - on the death of Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh". United Nations. 9 April 2021. Retrieved 9 April 2021.

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