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Demographics of Fiji

Demographics of Fiji
Fiji single age population pyramid 2020.png
Fiji population pyramid in 2020
Population884,887
Density49.4/km2
Birth rate22.5 (2017 est.)
Death rate8.10 (2017 est.)
Life expectancy72.1 (2014 est.)
 • male65.4
 • female68.5
Fertility rate2.9 (2017 est.)
Infant mortality rate12.5 (2017 est.)
Age structure
0–14 years28.2% (2014 est.)
15–64 years66.0 (2014 est.)
65 and over5.6% (2014 est.)
Sex ratio
Total1.03 males/females (2014 est.)
At birth1.05 males/females (2014 est.)
Under 151.05 males/females (2014 est.)
15–64 years1.04 males/females (2014 est.)
65 and over0.85 males/females (2014 est.)
Nationality
Nationalitynoun Fijian(s), adj. Fijian
Major ethnic56.8% Itaukei (2007 est.)
Minor ethnic37.5% Indian, 1.2% Rotuman (2007 est.)
Language
OfficialEnglish, Fijian
SpokenHindustani

The demographic characteristics of the population of Fiji are known through censuses, usually conducted in ten-year intervals, and has been analysed by statistical bureaus since the 1880s. The Fijian Bureau of Statistics (FBOS) has performed this task since 1996, the first enumerated Fiji census when an independent country. The 2017 census found that the permanent population of Fiji was 884,887, compared to 837,271 in the 2007 census. The population density at the time in 2007 was 45.8 inhabitants per square kilometre, and the overall life expectancy in Fiji was 67 years.[1] Since the 1930s the population of Fiji has increased at a rate of 1.1% per year. Since the 1950s, Fiji's birth rate has continuously exceeded its death rate. The population is dominated by the 15–64 age segment. The median age of the population was 27.9, and the gender ratio of the total population was 1.03 males per 1 female.

Indigenous Fijians, the native inhabitants of Fiji, are a mixture of Polynesian and Melanesian, resulting from the original migrations to the South Pacific over time. The Indo-Fijian population increased rapidly from the 61,000 people brought from India between 1879 and 1916 to work in the sugarcane fields, many who later would lease/own the sugar cane plantations. Thousands more Indians migrated voluntarily in the 1920s and 1930s and formed the core of Fiji's business class.

In 1977 The Economist reported that ethnic Fijians were a minority of 255,000, in a total population of 600,000 of which fully half were of Indian descent, with the remainder Chinese, European and of mixed ancestry.[2]

The native Fijians live throughout the country, while the Indo-Fijians reside primarily near the urban centres and in the cane-producing areas of the two main islands. Nearly all of the indigenous Fijians are Christian, with some two-thirds being Methodist. The Indo-Fijians, by contrast, have a similar religious mix as their homeland: some 77 percent of the Indo-Fijians are Hindu, with a further 16 percent being Muslim and 6 percent Christian. There are also a few Sikhs.

A national census is supposed to be conducted every ten years, but the census intended for 2006 was postponed until 2007. Finance Minister Ratu Jone Kubuabola announced on 27 October 2005 that the Cabinet had decided that it would not be in the country's interest to have a census and a general election in the same year. "Peoples’ focus on the elections could have an impact on their cooperation with census officials", he said. The Statistics Office supported Kubuabola's announcement, saying that public interest in the general election would likely distract people's attention from the census, making it problematic to conduct.

Ethnic groups

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1881 127,486—    
1891 121,180−4.9%
1901 120,124−0.9%
1911 139,541+16.2%
1921 157,266+12.7%
1936 198,379+26.1%
1946 259,638+30.9%
1956 345,737+33.2%
1966 476,727+37.9%
1976 588,068+23.4%
1986 715,375+21.6%
1996 775,077+8.3%
2007 837,271+8.0%
2017 884,887+5.7%

According to the 2007 Census of Fiji, the number of Fijians increased from 393,575 to 475,739, while the number of Indians decreased from 338,818 to 313,798.[3] According to government statistics, the latest estimated population of Indigenous Fijians is counted at 511,838, while there are 290,129 Indians and 56,071 Others (January 2012).[4]

Religions (1996 census)

Religion Indigenous Fijian Indo-Fijian Others TOTAL
393,575 % 338,818 % 42,684 % 775,077 %
Methodist 261,972 66.6 5,432 1.6 13,224 31.0 280,628 36.2
Roman Catholic 52,163 13.3 3,520 1.0 13,637 31.9 69,320 8.9
Assemblies of God 24,717 6.2 4,620 1.4 1,735 4.1 31,072 4.0
Seventh-day Adventist 19,896 5.1 572 0.2 1,719 4.0 22,187 2.9
Anglican 2,508 0.6 1,208 0.4 2,609 6.2 6,325 0.8
Jehovah's Witness 4,815 1.2 486 0.1 801 1.9 6,102 0.8
CMF (Every Home) 5,149 1.3 269 0.1 255 0.6 5,673 0.7
Latter Day Saints 2,253 0.6 633 0.2 589 1.4 3,475 0.4
Apostolic 2,237 0.6 250 0.1 106 0.2 2,593 0.3
Gospel 618 0.2 514 0.2 222 0.5 1,354 0.2
Baptist 695 0.2 382 0.1 219 0.5 1,296 0.2
Salvation Army 628 0.2 251 0.1 110 0.3 989 0.1
Presbyterian 105 0.0 90 0.0 188 0.4 383 0.0
Other Christian 12,624 3.2 2,492 0.7 2,969 7.0 18,085 2.3
All Christians 390,380 99.2 20,719 6.1 38,383 89.9 449,482 58.0
Sanatan 551 0.1 193,061 57.0 315 0.7 193,927 25.0
Arya Samaj 44 0.0 9,493 2.8 27 0.1 9,564 1.2
Kabir Panthi 43 0.0 73 0.0 2 0.0 118 0.0
Satya Sai Baba 7 0.0 52 0.0 1 0.0 60 0.0
Other Hindu 219 0.1 57,096 16.9 113 0.3 57,428 7.4
All Hindus 864 0.2 259,775 76.7 458 1.1 261,097 33.7
Sunni Islam 175 0.0 32,082 9.5 94 0.2 32,351 4.2
Ahmadiya 18 0.0 1,944 0.6 14 0.0 1,976 0.3
Other Muslim 131 0.0 19,727 5.8 138 0.3 19,996 2.6
All Muslims 324 0.1 53,753 15.9 246 0.6 54,323 7.0
Sikh 0 0.0 3,076 0.9 0 0.0 3,076 0.4
Baháʼí 389 0.1 25 0.0 149 0.3 563 0.1
Confucianism 8 0.0 21 0.0 336 0.8 365 0.0
Other religions 61 0.0 314 0.1 664 1.6 1,039 0.1
No religion† 1,549 0.4 1,135 0.3 2,448 5.7 5,132 0.7

† Includes atheists and agnostics.

Source: Fiji Statistics Department

As of the end of 2006 the LDS church reports 14,448 members in Fiji, which equal about 1.4% of the population. The LDS church also operates a temple in Fiji.

Births and deaths[5]

Year Population (x1000) Live births Deaths Natural increase Crude birth rate Crude death rate Rate of natural increase TFR
1996 775,077 17,608 4,604 13,004 22.7 6.2 16.5 2.80
1997 16,977 5,578 11,399 21.6 5.5 16.1 2.60
1998 16,910 5,240 11,670 21.2 5.4 15.8 2.60
1999 16,916 5,667 11,249 21.0 4.5 16.5 2.60
2000 17,966 5,914 12,052 22.2 5.3 16.9 2.70
2001 16,689 5,774 10,915 20.5 6.1 14.4 2.50
2002 16,990 5,632 11,358 20.6 6.2 14.4 2.50
2003 17,701 6,116 11,585 21.2 6.1 15.1 2.60
2004 17,199 5,628 11,571 20.9 6.8 14.1 2.60
2005 16,900 5,963 10,937 20.3 7.1 13.2 2.50
2006 830,619 17,356 6,154 11,202 20.8 7.4 13.4 2.60
2007 834,517 17,456 6,359 11,097 20.9 7.6 13.3 2.50
2008 841,373 17,199 6,471 10,728 20.4 7.7 12.7 2.50
2009 845,462 18,211 6,119 12,092 21.5 7.2 14.3 2.70
2010 850,700 22,220 5,966 16,254 24.4 7.2 17.2 3.00
2011 854,290 19,547 6,151 13,396 22.9 7.5 15.4 2.90
2012 858,038 18,434 6,431 12,003 21.5 7.6 13.9 2.84
2013 862,068 18,633 6,488 12,145 21.6 7.6 14.0 2.71
2014 865,716 19,143 6,573 12,570 21.9 8.0 13.9 2.92
2015 869,458 19,081 6,672 12,409 21.7 7.7 14.0 2.91
2016 873,210 18,446 7,476 10,970 8.3
2017 884,887 19,646 6,992 12,654 22.2 7.9 14.3
2018 889,649
2019 894,410
2020 899,172

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Population:[6]

827,900[7]

Age structure:[6]
0–14 years: 33% (male 141,779; female 136,212)
15–64 years: 63% (male 263,127; female 262,686)
65 years and over: 4% (male 13,405; female 15,285) (2000 est.)

Population growth rate:[6]

0.67% (2015 est.)

Birth rate:[6]

19.43 births/1,000 population (2015 est.)

Death rate:[6]

6.04 deaths/1,000 population (2015 est.)

Net migration rate:[6]

-6.75 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2015 est.)

Sex ratio:[6] at birth:

1.05 male(s)/female
0–14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15–24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25–54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55–64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female

Infant mortality rate:[6]

30 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:[6]

Total: 9.94 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 10.97 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 8.87 deaths/1,000 live births (2015 est.)

Total fertility rate:[6]

2.47 children born/woman (2015 est.)

Ethnic groups:[6]

iTaukei 56.8% (predominantly Melanesian with a Polynesian admixture), Indian 37.5%, Rotuman 1.2%, other 4.5% (European, part European, other Pacific Islander, Chinese)

Languages:[6]

English (official), Fijian (official), Hindustani

Religions:[6]

Protestantism 45% (Methodism 34.6%, Assembly of God 5.7%, Seventh-day Adventist 3.9%, and Anglicanism 0.8%), Hinduism 27.9%, other Christianity 10.4%, Roman Catholicism 9.1%, Islam 6.3%, Sikhism 0.3%, other 0.3%, none 0.8% (2007 est.)

References

  1. ^ "Vital Statistics Report - Fiji Bureau of Statistics". www.statsfiji.gov.fj. Retrieved 2020-11-06.
  2. ^ The Economist, Sept. 10, 1977, p. 76
  3. ^ http://www.statsfiji.gov.fj/
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-04-16. Retrieved 2013-05-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2.htm
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Australia-Oceania :: FIJI". CIA The World Factbook.
  7. ^ Provisional results - 2007 Population and Housing Census - Fiji Government Online Archived 2008-10-25 at the Wayback Machine

Further reading

  • Bahadur, Gaiutra. Coolie Woman: The Odyssey of Indenture. The University of Chicago (2014) ISBN 978-0-226-21138-1

External links


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