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Emergency management Redirected from Disaster preparedness

A mobile emergency operations center, in this case operated by the North Carolina Air National Guard

Emergency management is the organization and management of the resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies (preparedness, response, mitigation, and recovery). The aim is to reduce the harmful effects of all hazards, including disasters.

The World Health Organization defines an emergency as the state in which normal procedures are interrupted, and immediate measures (management) need to be taken to prevent it from becoming a disaster, which is even harder to recover from. Disaster management is a related term but should not be equated to emergency management.[citation needed]

Emergency planning ideals

Emergency planning is a discipline of urban planning and design; it aims to prevent emergencies from occurring, and failing that, initiates an efficient action plan to mitigate the results and effects of any emergencies. As time goes on, and more data becomes available (usually through the study of emergencies as they occur), a plan should evolve. The development of emergency plans is a cyclical process, common to many risk management disciplines such as business continuity and security risk management:

  • Recognition or identification of risks[1]
  • Ranking or evaluation of risks[2]
  • Responding to significant risks
  • Tolerating
  • Treating
  • Transferring
  • Terminating
  • Resourcing controls and planning
  • Reaction planning
  • Reporting and monitoring risk performance
  • Reviewing the risk management framework

There are a number of guidelines and publications regarding emergency planning, published by professional organizations such as ASIS, National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), and the International Association of Emergency Managers (IAEM). There are very few emergency management specific standards, and emergency management as a discipline tends to fall under business resilience standards.

In order to avoid or reduce significant losses to a business, emergency managers should work to identify and anticipate potential risks. In the event that an emergency occurs, managers should already have a plan prepared to mitigate the effects of that emergency and ensure business continuity of critical operations after the incident. It is essential for an organization to include procedures for determining whether an emergency situation has occurred and at what point an emergency management plan should be activated. An emergency plan must be regularly maintained, in a structured and methodical manner, to ensure it is up-to-date in the event of an emergency. Emergency managers generally follow a common process to anticipate, assess, prevent, prepare, respond and recover from an incident.[3]

Health and safety of workers