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Duho languages

Duho
(proposed)
Geographic
distribution
Northwestern Amazon
Linguistic classificationProposed as one of the world's primary language families
Subdivisions

Duho is a proposed language family of South America, uniting two proposed genetic groupings, Hodi–Saliban[1] and Ticuna–Yuri. This language stock was proposed by Marcelo Jolkesky (2016), based on his previous but now disclaimed Macro-Daha stock which had also included the Andoque–Urequena languages.[2]

Zamponi (2017) concludes that the similarities between Saliban and Hodɨ appear to be due to contact, but that a distant genealogical relationship between Betoi and Sáliban is plausible though not demonstrated. He does not address Ticuna–Yuri.

Prehistory

Jolkesky (2016) suggests that the homeland of Proto-Duho was in the Serranía de Chiribiquete.[3]:590

Language contact

Jolkesky (2016) notes that there are lexical similarities with Chibchan languages due to contact, which may point to the earlier presence of Chibchan speakers in the Orinoco basin.[3]:325

Classification

Internal classification of the Duho language family by Jolkesky (2016):[3]

Duho

Pronouns

Jolkesky's Duho languages have shared forms in for "I", *kʷ for "you" and *t for "we", which are found in all languages.

language I thou he she we they
Ticuna ʧò- ku- dĩ- ɡĩ- /i- tò- ta-́
Yuri tshuu wikú di - too -
Saliba ʧ- ũku, kʷ- Ø-, i-, -di x-, -x t- h-
Piaroa ʧ(u)- (u)ku, kʷ- Ø-, -de hʷ-, -h t(u)- tʰ(a)-
Wirö ʧ(V)- ɯkʷɯ, kʷ(V)- Ø- h(V)-, -h d(V)-, -dɯtʰɯ tʰ(V)-
Hodi ʰtæ ʰkæ - ʰtai hai
Betoi r(u)- uhu, h(u)- Ø-, -ri Ø- r-, -nuto ?

Lexicon

Several basic words in Duho languages appear to be related. The following examples are given:

language tree mouth head hair path eat spirit offspring breast who what
Ticuna dãi àː èrú ʧi bã̀ ɡõ̀ː ã́ẽ̀ dẽ´ biĩ´ tèẽ́ tàː
Yuri noi i à gerühó ii -mó - - o nné - - -
Saliba - aha iʤu - maa(-na) ikua õãĩ nẽ(-ẽ) omixe ã-diha ã-daha
Piaroa dawi æ u(-ju) -ʦˀe mæ(-næ) ku ãẽ ĩtʰĩ ami di dæhe
Wirö towi a u; -ʤu -ˀʤe ma(-na) ku(-õ) - ĩtʰĩ omu ti tahi
Hodi ʰtawɯ a ʰtu - ma(-na); -ma ʰku-õ ãwẽ(-no) ĩni me(e) - -

References

  1. ^ Rosés Labrada, J. E. 2015. Is Jodï a Sáliban Language? In: Workshop on historical relationships among languages of the Americas. Leiden, 2-5th September 2015, Universiteit Leiden.
  2. ^ Jolkesky, Marcelo. 2009. Macro-Daha: reconstrução de um tronco lingüístico do noroeste amazônico. ROSAE - I Congresso Internacional de Lingüística Histórica, 26-29 July 2009.
  3. ^ a b c Jolkesky, M. 2016. Estudo arqueo-ecolinguístico das terras tropicais sul-americanas. Brasilia: UnB. PhD Dissertation.

This page was last updated at 2021-06-06 12:59, update this pageView original page

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