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Duke of Albemarle

Dukedom of Albemarle
Coronet of a British Duke.svg
GrenvilleArms ModernClarions.png
Creation date1722
CreationFourth
Monarch"James III and VIII"
PeerageJacobite Peerage
First holderGeorge Granville, 1st Baron Lansdowne, "1st Duke of Albemarle" (1666–1735)
Present holderExctinct
Remainder to1st Duke's heirs male of the body lawfully begotten
Subsidiary titlesMarquess Monck and Fitzhemon
Earl of Bath
Viscount Bevil
Baron Russell of Lansdowne
Baron Lansdown of Bideford
Extinction date1776
Seat(s)Albemarle House

The Dukedom of Albemarle (/ˈælbəˌmɑːrl/) has been created twice in the Peerage of England, each time ending in extinction. Additionally, the title was created a third time by James II in exile and a fourth time by his son the Old Pretender, in the Jacobite Peerage. The name Albemarle is derived from the Latinised form of the French county of Aumale in Normandy (Latin: Alba Marla meaning "White Marl", marl being a type of fertile soil), other forms being Aubemarle and Aumerle.[1] It arose in connection with the ancient Norman Counts of Aumale of Aumale in Normandy. See also Earl of Albemarle.

Dukes of Albemarle (Aumale), first creation (1397)

Dukes of Albemarle, second creation (1660)

Arms of Monck: Gules, a chevron between three lion's heads erased argent
also Earl of Torrington, Baron Monck of Potheridge, Beauchamp and Teyes (England, 7 July 1660)

Dukes of Albemarle, first Jacobite creation (1696)

also "Earl of Rochford" and "Baron Romney" (Jacobite, 1696)
  • Henry FitzJames, "1st Duke of Albemarle" (1673–1702), illegitimate son of James II was created a peer by his father in exile

Dukes of Albemarle, second Jacobite creation (1722)

Arms of Granville: Gules, three clarions or
also "Marquess Monck and Fitzhemon", "Earl of Bath", "Viscount Bevil" (Jacobite, 1722), Baron Lansdowne (Great Britain, 1712) and "Baron Lansdown of Bideford" (Jacobite, 1722)
  • George Granville, 1st Baron Lansdowne, "1st Duke of Albemarle" (1666–1735), a notable Tory, was made a Jacobite peer by The Old Pretender, which creation was not recognised within the Kingdom of Great Britain.
  • Bernard Granville, "2nd Duke of Albemarle" (1700 – 2 July 1776), nephew of Lord Lansdown, allegedly succeeded his uncle in said Jacobite peerage. Never married.[3]

Notes

  1. ^ Chisholm 1911, p. 492.
  2. ^ Edward is referred to in Shakespeare's Richard II as the "Duke of Aumerle"
  3. ^ Bernard Granville, Duke of Albemarle at thepeerage.com (accessed 29 February 2008)

References

  • Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Albemarle, Earls and Dukes of" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 492–493.
  • Cokayne, George E. (1910). Gibbs, Vicary (ed.). The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant. I, Ab-Adam to Basing. London: St. Catherine Press. pp. 87–91.
  • Cokayne, George E. (1998). Hammond, Peter W. (ed.). The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant. XIV, Addenda and Corrigenda. London: St. Catherine Press. p. 17.

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