Duke of Cumberland

Duke of Cumberland is a peerage title that was conferred upon junior members of the British Royal Family, named after the historic county of Cumberland.[1]


The Earldom of Cumberland, created in 1525, became extinct in 1643. The dukedom was created in the Peerage of England in 1644 for Prince Rupert of the Rhine, nephew of King Charles I. When he died without male heirs, the title was created again in the Peerage of England in 1689 for Prince George of Denmark, husband of Princess Anne, younger daughter of King James II. He also died without heirs, in 1708. Neither of these men, however, was usually known by his peerage title.

The third creation, in the Peerage of Great Britain, was for Prince William, the third son of King George II. Other titles granted to Prince William were Marquess of Berkhampstead, Earl of Kennington, Viscount Trematon and Baron Alderney. Since the Prince died unmarried and without children, his titles became extinct at his death.

The titles Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn and Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale were later created in the Peerage of Great Britain.

List of titleholders

Dukes of Cumberland, first Creation (1644)

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
The Prince Rupert
House of Wittelsbach
also: Earl of Holderness (1644)
Prince Rupert 17 December 1619
son of Frederick V, Elector Palatine and Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia
Never Married 29 November 1682
aged 62
Nephew of Charles I, died without legitimate issue.

Dukes of Cumberland, second Creation (1689)

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
The Prince George
House of Oldenburg
also: Earl of Kendal and Baron Wokingham (1689)
Prince George 2 June 1653
Copenhagen Castle
son of Frederick III of Denmark and Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
28 July 1683
1 child
28 October 1708
Kensington Palace
aged 55
Husband of Queen Anne, died without surviving issue.

Dukes of Cumberland, third Creation (1726)

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
The Prince William, Duke of Cumberland
also Marquess of Berkhamstead, Earl of Kennington, Viscount Trematon and Baron Alderney (Great Britain, 1726)
Prince William 26 April 1721
Leicester House, London
son of George II of Great Britain and Caroline of Ansbach
Never married 31 October 1765
aged 44
Also known as "Butcher" Cumberland and Sweet William.

Dukes of Cumberland and Strathearn (1766)

The sole title-holder was Prince Henry (1745–1790), 3rd son of Frederick, Prince of Wales, the eldest son and heir apparent of King George II and the father of King George III. He died without legitimate issue, when the dukedom again became extinct.

Dukes of Cumberland and Teviotdale (1799)

This double dukedom, in the Peerage of Great Britain, was bestowed on Prince Ernest Augustus (1771–1851) (later King of Hanover), the fifth son and eighth child of King George III of the United Kingdom and King of Hanover. In 1919 it was suspended under the Titles Deprivation Act 1917 and as of 2019 has not been restored to its titular heir.

Family tree

Family Tree: Dukes of Cumberland
King James VI & I
Princess Elizabeth Stuart
m. Frederick V of the Palatinate
King Charles I
Prince Rupert,
Duke of Cumberland

Sophia of Hanover
m. Ernest Augustus of Brunswick
King Charles II
King James II
(1633–1701, r.1685–1688)
King George I
Queen Mary II
m. King William III
Queen Anne
m. Prince George, Duke of Cumberland
King George II
Prince Frederick Louis,
Prince of Wales

Prince William Augustus,
Duke of Cumberland

, 1766
King George III
Prince Henry,
Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn

, 1799
King George IV
King William IV
Prince Edward,
Duke of Kent

Ernest Augustus, King of Hanover,
1st Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale

Queen Victoria
George V, King of Hanover,
2nd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale

King Edward VII
Prince Ernest Augustus,
3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale

Dukedom forfeit, 1919
King George V
Prince Ernest Augustus,
Duke of Brunswick

King Edward VIII
(1894–1972, r.1936)
King George VI
Prince Ernest Augustus
Queen Elizabeth II
Prince Ernest Augustus

Contract bridge

A historic fixed bridge hand is known as the Duke of Cumberland hand. The hand also appeared in Ian Fleming's James Bond thriller, Moonraker.[2]


  1. ^  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Cumberland, Dukes and Earls of". Encyclopædia Britannica. 7 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 620.
  2. ^ The Duke of Cumberland bridge hand

See also

This page was last updated at 2021-04-10 13:57, update this pageView original page

All information on this site, including but not limited to text, pictures, etc., are reproduced on Wikipedia (wikipedia.org), following the . Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License


If the math, chemistry, physics and other formulas on this page are not displayed correctly, please useFirefox or Safari