Enu language

Native toChina
Native speakers
14,000 (2009)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3enu

Enu or Ximoluo (Chinese: 西摩洛; autonym: ŋɔ31 ŋjv̩31 (Jiang, et al. 2009:4)) is a Hanoish language of the Bi-Ka branch spoken by 14,000 people of the Hani ethnic group (Jiang, et al. 2009). It is spoken in the counties of Mojiang, Jiangcheng, and Luchun in Yunnan, China.


Ximoluo is spoken mostly in Yayi Township 雅邑乡, south-central Mojiang County, where most of the locals are classified as ethnic Hani, Han, Yi, and Dai (Jiang, et al. 2009:4). There are more than 8,000 Ximoluo people in Yayi Township, in the villages of Yayi 雅邑,[3] Xuka 徐卡,[4] Nanwen 南温,[5] Zuoxi 座细,[6] and Nanniwan 南泥湾,[7] and also smaller numbers in Xialuopu 下洛浦,[8] Baga 巴嘎,[9] and Bali 坝利.[10]


  • Jiang Ying [蒋颖], Cui Xia [崔霞], Qiao Xiang [乔翔]. 2009. A study of Ximoluo [西摩洛语研究]. Beijing: Ethnic Publishing House [民族出版社].
  1. ^ Jiang, et. al 2009
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Enu". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=178218
  4. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=178323
  5. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=178296
  6. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=178209
  7. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=178284
  8. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=178223
  9. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=178231
  10. ^ http://www.ynszxc.net/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=267473

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