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Famenne

The natural regions of Belgium
 Fagne-Fammene

Famenne is a natural region in southern Belgium. Together with The Fagne or la Fagne, west of the river Meuse, it is part of the Fagne-Famenne natural region. The two regions are often grouped together because they are quite similar both geographically and naturally.

Etymology

The hypothesis that the name of the Famenne region may derive from Paemani, an ancient Germanic tribe, following the influence of the Germanic sound shift from p- to f-,[1] is now considered doubtful by most scholars.[2]

In the first medieval mentions, the Famenne is spelled in Latin in forms with an "l", for example Falmenna.[3]

History

Southern Belgium, showing the early medieval places recorded as being in the Pagus Condrustis and the Falminna (Famenne).The yellow dots are in the Pagus Condrustis (medieval Condroz) and the red stars are in the Famenne. The modern Province of Namur is in yellow.
Late medieval catholic archdeaconries of Condroz (yellow) and Famenne (orange), within the bishopric of Liège.

The oldest known definitions of the medieval version of the Condroz pagus also included the Famenne. Compared to the late medieval archdeaconries of Condroz and Fammene, the early medieval pagi did not include the deaneries of St Remacle, Hanret, or Chimay. Chimay had been part of the Lomme pagus, like most of the area between the Sambre and Meuse.[3]

Geography

Natural geography

Famenne is mostly in the provinces of Namur and Luxembourg in Wallonia in southern Belgium. Its northeastern tip extends into the province of Liège. It is bounded on the west by the river Meuse, west of which lies Fagne, similar to Famenne both geographically and naturally.[4] To the north of both lies the Condroz natural region. Famenne is at the western edge of the Ardennes mountain range.

Famenne is traversed by the Calestienne, a band of limestone resulting in calcium-rich soil and a corresponding concentration of calcicole plants. The rivers Lesse and Lomme cross the Calestienne, forming substantial cave systems. The caves of Han-sur-Lesse, the caves of Hotton and Rochefort's Lorette cave are the most notable examples.

Human geography

The most important city and unofficial capital of Famenne is Marche-en-Famenne. Other towns include Beauraing, Rochefort, Hotton and Durbuy.

Economy

The agriculture and forestry sectors are the main sources of employment in the region, although tourism also plays an important role.

References

  1. ^ Busse 2006, p. 199.
  2. ^ von Petrikovits 1999, p. 93.
  3. ^ a b Roland 1920.
  4. ^ Fagne." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2010. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 9 August 2010.

Coordinates: 50°16′N 5°24′E / 50.26°N 5.4°E / 50.26; 5.4Bibliography

  • Busse, Peter E. (2006). "Belgae". In Koch, John T. (ed.). Celtic Culture: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. pp. 195–200. ISBN 978-1-85109-440-0.
  • Roland, Charles Gustave (1920), "Les pagi de Lomme et de Condroz et leurs subdivisions", Annales de la Société archéologique de Namur, 34: 1–126
  • von Petrikovits, Harald (1999). "Germani Cisrhenani". In Beck, H.; Geuenich, D.; Steuer, H. (eds.). Germanenprobleme in heutiger Sicht. Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 978-3110164381.

This page was last updated at 2020-10-24 12:23, update this pageView original page

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