wanweipedia

Federal National Council

Federal National Council
المجلس الوطني الاتحادي
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
History
Founded1971
Leadership
Saqr Ghobash
since 14 November 2019
Structure
Seats40
UAE Federal National Council apportionment diagram.svg
Political groups
Independent (40)
Length of term
4 years
Elections
Indirect single non-transferable vote in seven electoral colleges (20 seats)
Appointed by rulers of each emirate (20 seats)
Website
www.almajles.gov.ae

The Federal National Council (FNC) (Arabic: المجلس الوطني الإتحادي‎, al-Majlis al-Watani al-Ittihadi) of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is the advisory representative legislature in the UAE.[1] The FNC consists of 40 members, twenty of whom are indirectly elected by Emirati citizens through an electoral college, while the other twenty are appointed by the rulers of each emirate.[2][3] The first election for half the members of the FNC took place in 2006. Members of the FNC serve 4-year terms. The last election for the indirectly elected members took place on 5 October 2019, and the next election is to be held in October 2023.

The FNC assembly hall is located in Abu Dhabi, the capital of the UAE.[4]

The National Election Committee (NEC) was established in February 2011 by the UAE Federal Supreme Council, and is chaired by the Minister of State for Federal National Council Affairs.[3] Elections are conducted by the NEC which nominates members of the electoral college. Any citizen can be selected as a member. The NEC also manages the election of FNC representatives from all the emirates. The members of the electoral college can nominate themselves to be candidates for the FNC.

History

The Federal National Council (FNC) was formed under the Provisional Constitution of the United Arab Emirates in 1971 as a permanent component of the country's governing structure, which also includes the Federal Supreme Council, President, Cabinet and Judiciary. Before 2006, all members of the FNC were appointed by the rulers of the emirates.

According to the Constitution, federal draft laws first have to pass through the FNC for review and recommendations. Draft laws and amendments formed with the help of specialized house committees are presented to the FNC for discussion and then sent back to the Cabinet for consideration and approval. The FNC influences the Federal Government to draft laws. Original draft laws from the Cabinet can be amended by the FNC.[5]

The FNC is responsible under the Constitution for examining, and, if it wishes, amending, all proposed federal legislation, and is empowered to summon and to question any Federal Minister regarding Ministry performance. One of the main duties of the FNC is to discuss the annual budget. Specialized sub-committees and a Research and Study Unit have been formed to assist FNC members to cope with the increasing demands of modern government.[6]

Composition

The Federal National Council has 40 members, half of whom are elected and half are appointed:[7]

Emirate Number of members
Abu Dhabi 8
Dubai 8
Sharjah 6
Ras Al Khaimah 6
Ajman 4
Fujairah 4
Umm Al Quwain 4
Total 40

Speakers of the Federal National Council

Name Entered office Left office Notes
Thani Abdullah Humaid 1972 1976 [8][9]
Taryam Omran Taryam 1977 1981 [8][9]
Hilal bin Ahmed bin Lootah 1981 1991 [8][9]
Al Haj bin Abdullah Al Muhairbi 1993 1996 [8][9]
Mohammed Khalifa Habtour 1997 2003 [8][9]
Saeed Mohammad Al Gandi 2003 2005 [8][9]
Abdul Aziz Al Ghurair February 2007 15 November 2011 [10][9]
Mohammad Al-Murr 15 November 2011 18 November 2015 [11][9]
Amal Al Qubaisi 18 November 2015 14 November 2019 [7][9]
Saqr Ghobash 14 November 2019 Incumbent [7][12]

Elections

2006 Election

Not all UAE nationals were allowed to vote or run for office. 6,689 out of some 800,000 Emirati citizens in the country were eligible to take part in 2006 election. Those eligible were chosen by the rulers of the emirates.

Women were allowed to vote and run for office but there was no quota to ensure a set number of women were elected as there was in some other Arab countries. Over 14% of candidates were women. By the end of 2003, all forty members of the FNC were male.

Election officials billed the polls as a trial run they hoped will pave the way for universal suffrage in the coming years. Even then, however, only half of the FNC will be elected.[6]

In late 2006, half of the organization was elected.[13][14]

2011 Election

2011 parliamentary election had an electoral college of 129,274 members, nearly 20 times more than in 2006. The new electoral college includes about 12% of UAE nationals. Approximately 35% of the members were under 30 years of age and 46% were women. 35,877 voters cast their vote, making a turnout of 27.75%.

In all, 468 candidates, including 85 women, stood for the election. Many candidates pledged to provide better education and health care and more housing for young UAE nationals. They also promised to strengthen the UAE identity and culture. Several candidates used social media networks such as Facebook to present their plans.[15]

2015 Election

The electoral college increased from 129,274 in 2011 to 224,279 in 2015. All candidates ran as independents. During election campaigning, many candidates focused on social issues, promising to provide better housing and more health services. Others focused on job creation and better educational services. 79,157 voters cast their vote. Turnout increased from 27.25% to 35.29%. As in the 2011 election, one woman was among the 20 winners. On 18 November, the newly elected members were sworn in alongside the 20 appointed members, including eight women.

The 2015 election used a single-vote system (meaning each voter voted for only one candidate in his/her emirate). Previously, voters were allowed to vote for as many as half the number of seats from their respective emirates. Eligible voters outside the country were allowed to vote for the first time in 2015.[15]

2019 Election

The 2019 election also used a single-vote system. The electoral college increased from 224,279 in 2015 to 337,738 in 2019. All candidates ran as independents. 117,592 voters cast their vote. Turnout slightly decreased from 35.29% to 34.81%.

Seven of the 20 elected members were women, although the sole incumbent elected female failed to win re-election.

Notes

  1. ^ "Legislative body forms a pillar of governance". gulfnews.com. September 25, 2011. Retrieved September 25, 2011.
  2. ^ "A vote for the country's future". gulfnews.com. September 25, 2011. Retrieved September 25, 2011.
  3. ^ a b "About the Federal National Council". khaleejtimes.com. 4 July 2011. Retrieved September 25, 2011.
  4. ^ "fnc_KT". arabiangazette.com. September 4, 2011. Archived from the original on April 2, 2012. Retrieved September 25, 2011.
  5. ^ Staff Report. "What is the Federal National Council." Gulfnews.com
  6. ^ a b The Political System of the UAE Archived 2010-05-03 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ a b c "The Federal National Council - The Official Portal of the UAE Government". www.government.ae.
  8. ^ a b c d e f "In Pictures: A step in the right direction". Khaleej Times.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i https://www.gsws.ae/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/EN_FNC-Brochure-English-FINAL.pdf
  10. ^ "IPU PARLINE database: UNITED ARAB EMIRATES (Majlis Watani Itihadi) ELECTIONS IN 2006". archive.ipu.org.
  11. ^ "IPU PARLINE database: UNITED ARAB EMIRATES (Majlis Watani Itihadi), ELECTIONS IN 2011". archive.ipu.org.
  12. ^ https://wam.ae/en/details/1395302802909
  13. ^ "IFES Election Guide - Country Profile: United Arab Emirates". www.electionguide.org.
  14. ^ The Report: Dubai 2007. The Oxford Business Group. 2007
  15. ^ a b "IPU PARLINE database: UNITED ARAB EMIRATES (Majlis Watani Itihadi), Last elections". archive.ipu.org.

References

External links


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