Gagauz Republic

Gagauz Soviet Socialist Republic

Gagauz Respublikası  (Gagauz)
Flag of Gagauzia
Gagauz Republic, 1990
Gagauz Republic, 1990
46°19′N 28°40′E / 46.317°N 28.667°E / 46.317; 28.667
Common languagesGagauz, Romanian, Russian
• 1990–1994
Stepan Topal
• Established
19 August 1990
• Disestablished
23 December 1994
CurrencySoviet ruble, Moldovan cupon, Moldovan leu[citation needed]
Preceded by Succeeded by
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Today part ofMoldova

The Gagauz Republic (Gagauz: Gagauz Respublikası; Romanian: Republica Găgăuzia; Russian: Республика Гагаузия, Respublika Gagauzija) was an unrecognised state that separated from the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, but later peacefully joined the Republic of Moldova after being de facto independent from 1990 to 1995.[1]


The Special Congress of Representatives of the Gagauz people was held on 12 November 1989, in which the Gagauz Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was proclaimed in the Moldavian SSR, but on the next day the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Moldavian SSR abolished the Special Congress decisions, calling them unconstitutional.[2]

The Congress of People's Deputies of the Steppe South of the Moldavian SSR declared independence from the Moldavian SSR and the establishment of the Gagauz Republic on 19 August 1990.[3] Two days later, the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Moldavian SSR held an emergency meeting, and a decision was reached to declare the republic illegal and the congress unconstitutional.[4] A detachment of Moldovan volunteers and police units were sent to Gagauzia to quell the dissidence, but the arrival of Red Army soldiers prevented bloodshed.

In December 1994, on the basis of agreements reached by the Gagauz Republic and the Republic of Moldova, a document on the peaceful integration of Gagauzia with autonomous rights was signed. The integration was carried out from December 1994 to June 1995, when the Gagauz Republic legally dissolved and became the Autonomous Territorial Unit of Gagauzia.

See also


  1. ^ Marcin Kosienkowski (2017) The Gagauz Republic: An Autonomism-Driven De Facto State The Soviet and Post-Soviet Review, volume 44, no. 3, pp292–313
  2. ^ Фёдор Ангели (20 August 1990). "ГАГАУЗСКАЯ АВТОНОМИЯ. ЛЮДИ И ФАКТЫ (1989-2005)" (PDF) (in Russian).
  3. ^ "ГАГАУЗИЯ, ОБЩИЕ СВЕДЕНИЯ - Справка - БД "Лабиринт"". www.labyrinth.ru. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  4. ^ "ГАГАУЗЫ ОБЪЯВИЛИ О СОЗДАНИИ СВОЕЙ РЕСПУБЛИКИ И ВЫХОДЕ ИЗ МОЛДОВЫ". 20 August 1990. Retrieved 1 October 2018.

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