wanweipedia

Green line (Taichung Metro)

Green line
Train of Taichung MRT.jpg
Taichung Metro Electric Multiple Unit
Overview
Native name臺中捷運綠線
LocaleTaichung, Taiwan
TerminiBeitun Main
HSR Taichung station
Stations18 u/c
6 planned
Service
TypeRapid transit
Depot(s)Beitun Depot
Technical
Line length16.71 km (10.4 mi)
Number of tracks2
CharacterElevated
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 812 in)
ElectrificationThird rail (750 volts DC)
Operating speed70 km/h

The Green line is a rapid transit line under construction in Taichung as part of Taichung Metro.[1][2] Two extensions, one heading east and the other reaching south into Changhua, are also planned.[3][4]

Route overview

Trains at Beitun Depot.

The current line is known as the Wuri-Wenxin-Beitun Line (烏日文心北屯線). It begins in Beitun District at Beitun Main metro station and runs westward, crossing the TRA Taichung Line at Songzhu metro station. It then follows Wenxin Road, passing through Xitun and Nantun and forming a wide semicircle around the city center. At Daqing metro station, the line runs parallel to the Taichung Line until its western terminus at Taichung HSR Station in Wuri. The line is fully elevated except for small sections at each terminus.[5]

Planned extensions

There are two planned extensions to the line. The first, known as the Dakeng Extension, branches east from Jioushe metro station and runs along Songzhu Roadto the base of Dakeng. The second, known as the Changhua Extension, runs west past Taichung HSR Station and crosses the Dadu River to Changhua. The extensions add two and five more stations respectively, and will cost an additional $25 billion NTD.[3][4]

History

Planning and construction

President Tsai Ing-wen inspecting the new trains.

A metro system in Taichung was discussed since 1990, which would connect various suburbs including Caotun, Zhongxing New Village, and others. The plan was dropped due to high cost and low projected ridership. A new proposal was renewed and approved in 2004, but construction did not begin immediately because of costs exceeding estimates and disagreements over where stations would be.[6][7][8]

In 2010, preliminary work began by relocating trees on the median and rerouting the utilities that run under those roads.[9] Progress plagued with various delays, including conflicts between the city and electrical contractors, problems with land acquisition, and the bankruptcy of a major utilities contractor. Because of the delays, mayor Jason Hu and his administration were heavily criticized by rivaling political parties.[10][11]

Formal construction began in May 2013.[12][13] Two separate incidents occurred during construction. On 19 August 2014, a crane malfunctioned and broke off its arm, falling on top of a restaurant. No injuries were reported.[14][15] Then, on 10 April 2015, a crane's arm snapped while lifting a 209-ton I-beam, causing the beam to fall and crushing a car underneath. Workers atop the beam were also thrown off. The driver of the car and three workers lost their lives, while four other works sustained heavy injuries.[16][17] Construction was halted for three months following the incident.[18] On 30 June 2016, construction of the line was completed, and testing began soon after.[19][20]

Initially, the stations numbers were numbered sequentially from G1 to G20, with the "G" representing green. However, since G8 is pronounced similar to chi-bai, which is considered profane in Hokkien, the "G" prefix was changed to "1", which stands for the fact that the Green line is the first line constructed.[21] The station's English names were initially written in a mix of Tongyong Pinyin and Hanyu Pinyin;[22] on 24 August 2020, the Taichung City Council decided to use Hanyu Pinyin for all stations except for Sihwei Elementary School.[23]

Operations

Beginning on 17 November 2020, the Green line was opened to the public for testing, with the entire line free to ride until its formal opening on 19 December. On the first day, 70,977 passengers used the line.[24] However, on 21 November, the couplers on one of the trains snapped in half; the line was closed to the public the next day.[25] Then, on 27 November, another coupler was found to be broken.[26]

Rolling stock

The line will run eighteen EMU trains equipped with automatic train operation. The trains are powered by a direct current, 750 V third rail. Each train will have a capacity of roughly 536 people divided into two cars, each car having ten doors and two air conditioning units. Of the eighteen trains, nine are built by Kawasaki Heavy Industries in Kobe, Japan, while the remaining nine are built in Taiwan.[27][28][29]

Station list

Wurih-Wunsin-Beitun Line

No. Name Connections Location
District County
103a Beitun Main 北屯總站   Beitun Taichung
103 Jiushe 舊社 Taichung Metro:  G  Dakeng Extension (planned)
104 Songzhu 松竹 Taiwan Railways Administration Taiwan Railways Administration: Taichung Line
105 Sihwei Elementary School (Erfenpu) 四維國小 (二分埔)  
106 Wenxin Chongde 文心崇德  
107 Wenxin Zhongqing (Tianjin Shopping Distrist) 文心中清 (天津商圈) Taichung Metro:  O  Orange Line (planned) North
108 Wenhua Senior High School 文華高中   Xitun
109 Wenxin Yinghua 文心櫻花  
110 Taichung City Hall 市政府 Taichung Metro:  B  Blue Line (planned)
111 Shui-an Temple 水安宮   Nantun
112 Wenxin Forest Park 文心森林公園  
113 Nantun (Wucyuan West Wunsin) 南屯 (五權西文心)  
114 Feng-le Park 豐樂公園  
115 Daqing (Chung Shan Medical University) 大慶 (中山醫大) Taiwan Railways Administration Taiwan Railways Administration: Taichung Line South
116 Jiuzhangli 九張犁   Wuri
117 Jiude 九德  
118 Wuri 烏日 Taiwan Railways Administration Taiwan Railways Administration: Taichung Line (out of station transfer)
119 HSR Taichung station 高鐵臺中站 Taiwan Railways Administration Taiwan Railways Administration: Taichung Line (via Xinwuri railway station)
Taiwan High Speed Rail Taiwan High Speed Rail (via Taichung HSR station)
Taichung Metro:  G  Changhua Extension (planned)

Dakeng Extension

No. Name Connections Location
District County
101 Yuanshan New Village 圓山新村   Beitun Taichung
102 Jungongliao 軍功寮  
103 Jioushe 舊社 Taichung Metro:  G  Wurih-Wunsin-Beitun Line

Changhua Extension

No. Name Connections Location
District County
119 HSR Taichung station 台中高鐵站 Taiwan Railways Administration Taiwan Railways Administration: Taichung Line (via Xinwuri railway station)
Taiwan High Speed Rail Taiwan High Speed Rail(via Taichung HSR station)
Taichung Metro:  G  Wurih-Wunsin-Beitun Line
Wuri Taichung
120 Chenggongling 成功嶺  
121 Xialaoxu 下勞胥  
122 Duchuantou 渡船頭   Changhua City Changhua
123 Kulingjiao 苦苓腳
124 Jinma 金馬 Taiwan Railways Administration Taiwan Railways Administration: Taichung Line (via Jinma Station, planned)

References

  1. ^ 劉朱松 (April 23, 2019). "台中捷運綠線 拚明年全線通車" (in Chinese). China Times. Retrieved October 12, 2019.
  2. ^ 郝雪卿、蘇木春 (2020-11-15). "台中捷運綠線試營運16日起1個月免費搭 市民興奮終於等到了[影]". 中央通訊社.
  3. ^ a b 洪敬浤 (September 30, 2019). "台中捷運延伸彰化、大坑 中市府再送中央審查" (in Chinese). United Daily News. Retrieved October 12, 2019.
  4. ^ a b 黃鐘山 (September 11, 2018). "〈中部〉捷運綠線延伸大坑 交通部年底審查" (in Chinese). Liberty Times. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  5. ^ 蘇木春 (December 5, 2018). "台中捷運目前規劃哪3條 一次看懂". Central News Agency (in Chinese). Retrieved October 12, 2019.
  6. ^ "烏日文心北屯線". Rapid Transit System Office of Taichung City (in Chinese). Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  7. ^ 唐在馨 (April 1, 2009). "〈中部〉新增3站…台中捷運綠線確定設18站" (in Chinese). Liberty Times. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  8. ^ 黃如萍 (April 22, 2008). "臺中捷運烏日文心北屯線---綠線". Pixnet (in Chinese). China Times. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  9. ^ "第拾玖章 中區工程處" (PDF). Taipei Metro (in Chinese). p. 109-111. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 23, 2018. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  10. ^ 唐在馨 (December 8, 2010). "〈中部〉捷運機電標三度流標 市府信誓旦旦工期不會受到影響" (in Chinese). Liberty Times. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  11. ^ 曾鴻儒; 唐在馨 (December 31, 2012). "中捷徵地受阻動不了工 通車延定了" (in Chinese). Liberty Times. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  12. ^ 賴淑禎 (April 25, 2013). "中市捷運綠線將展開工程 文心路5月1日設施工圍籬". Now News (in Chinese). Archived from the original on June 30, 2018. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  13. ^ 陳世宗 (April 26, 2019). "捷運綠線5路段 5月1日起架圍籬" (in Chinese). China Times. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  14. ^ "台中捷運首傳意外 大吊車翻覆砸餐廳" (in Chinese). Public Television Service. August 19, 2014. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  15. ^ 黃進恭; 盧金足 (August 20, 2014). "捷運工程吊臂墜落 毀餐廳" (in Chinese). China Times. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  16. ^ 許國楨 (April 10, 2015). "台中捷運工程驚傳鋼樑掉落砸車 4死4傷" (in Chinese). Liberty Times. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  17. ^ "【更新】台中捷運工程驚傳橫樑砸車 至少四死四傷" (in Chinese). Apple Daily. April 10, 2015. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  18. ^ 盧金足 (July 6, 2015). "中捷停工近3月 大陸工程低調復工" (in Chinese). China Times. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  19. ^ 賴淑禎 (June 30, 2016). "中市捷運綠線最後吊梁作業完成 全線高架橋串連" (in Chinese). Now News. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  20. ^ 李鴻典 (March 15, 2018). "林佳龍:台中捷運綠線年底試運轉、2020年全線通車" (in Chinese). SET News. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  21. ^ 張菁雅 (April 7, 2020). "不再「G」了! 台中捷運綠線站名更新編號 - 生活 - 自由時報電子報". Liberty Times (in Chinese). Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  22. ^ 張菁雅 (June 2, 2019). "台中捷運綠線部分站名英文拼音與路名牌不同 外國旅客恐混淆". Liberty Times (in Chinese). Retrieved October 12, 2019.
  23. ^ 趙麗妍 (2020-08-24). "台中捷運綠線年底通車 18站名初步審議通過". CNA (in Chinese). Retrieved 2020-12-05. 台中市議會交通地政委員會今天初步審議通過捷運綠線18站的站名,其中4站有副名,英文名則依據原來道路指示牌擬定。
  24. ^ Everington, Keoni (17 November 2020). "Taichung MRT Green Line draws 70,000 on first day of free rides". Taiwan News. Retrieved 5 December 2020.
  25. ^ 趙麗妍 (22 November 2020). "台中捷運重大故障 22日起暫停試營運" (in Chinese). CNA. Retrieved 5 December 2020.
  26. ^ 蘇孟娟 (2 December 2020). "台中捷運列車連結器軸心斷2支 市議員:無法拆卸檢查的6支成隱憂" (in Chinese). Liberty Times. Retrieved 5 December 2020.
  27. ^ "交通局長親赴川崎重工神戶工廠 正組裝的捷運綠線車廂首度曝光". Taichung City Government (in Chinese). April 3, 2016. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  28. ^ 張菁雅 (May 14, 2017). "台中捷運18列電聯車 預計年底全數交車" (in Chinese). Liberty Times. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
  29. ^ "車輛介紹". Taichung Metro (in Chinese). Retrieved July 30, 2020.

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