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Elective Governor Acts of 1968 Redirected from Guam Elective Governor Act

The Elective Governor Acts of 1968 are a pair of acts passed by the 90th United States Congress in 1968, which provide for the Governor of the U.S. Virgin Islands and the Governor of Guam to be popularly elected, rather than appointed as they had been up to that point. The two acts are individually titled the Virgin Islands Elective Governor Act (Pub.L. 90-496, 82 Stat. 837, passed 23 August 1968) and the Guam Elective Governor Act (Pub.L. 90-497, 82 Stat. 842, passed 1 September 1968). The impetus for the acts came from extensive lobbying efforts by both Guamanians and Virgin Islanders. The Guam Legislature, led by Speaker Antonio Borja Won Pat, had begun lobbying Congress for popular elections in 1962.[1] In the Virgin Islands, the act stemmed from the recommendations of the territory's first Constitutional Convention in 1964–5, which included the popular election of the governor.[2] The acts were seen as a breakthrough for political reform both in Guam and the Virgin Islands.[3][4] The Guam act was controversial, however, for authorizing federal auditing of the territory's accounts by the Interior Department—a practice that remained in place as of 1995.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Rogers, Robert F. (1995). Destiny's Landfall: A History of Guam. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. p. 242.
  2. ^ Dookhan, Isaac (1994). A History of the Virgin Islands of the United States. Kingston: Canoe Press. p. 293.
  3. ^ Fojas, Camilla (2014). Islands of Empire: Pop Culture and U.S. Power. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press. p. 171.
  4. ^ Leibowitz, Arnold H. (1989). Defining Status: A Comprehensive Analysis of United States Territorial Relations. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. p. 272.

External links


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