wanweipedia

Harákmbut–Katukinan languages

Harákmbut–Katukinan
Geographic
distribution
Peru, Brazil
Linguistic classificationProposed language family
Subdivisions
GlottologNone

Harákmbut–Katukinan is a proposal linking the South American indigenous language families Harákmbut and Katukinan. There is reasonably good evidence that the two are related.[1] Jolkesky (2011) also adds Arawan to the Harákmbut–Katukinan group.[2]

Family division

Jolkesky (2011) considers Arawan to be closer to Harákmbut than to Katukinan.[2]

Internal branching of the Arawá-Katukína-Harakmbet family according to Jolkesky (2011):[2]

Katukína

Arawá

Harakmbet

Language contact

Jolkesky (2016) notes that there are lexical similarities with Arawakan languages due to contact.[3]

Vocabulary

The following table from Adelaar (2000) lists lexical cognates between Kanamari and Harákmbut:[4]

no. Spanish gloss
(original)
English gloss
(translated)
Kanamarí Harakmbut
1 casa house hak hák
2 diente tooth i -id
3 pie foot i -iʔ
4 nariz nose o(h) pak -õh
5 cabeza head ki -kɨ
6 río river wa(h) -wɛ̃ʰ
7 huevo egg takarapu po 'objeto redondo (round object)'
8 lengua tongue noko nõʔ
9 mano hand ba -ᵐba
10 hoja leaf hakba, taroba eʔᵐba
11 estómago stomach ma wa-mẽʔ 'hígado (liver)'
12 ojo eye iko -kpo
13 sangre blood mimi mĩmĩ
14 barriga belly min -mĩn 'intestino (intestines)'
15 brazo arm pan wa-ᵐbaʔagᵑ 'omóplato (shoulderbone)'
16 jaguar jaguar pida(h) apetpet
17 nombre name wadik -ⁿdik
18 dentro, en inside, in naki wa-ẽk 'barriga (belly)'
19 yuca yucca tawa 'yuca (variedad dulce) (sweet variety of yuca)' táᵊre
20 campo cultivado cultivated field bao(h) [taʔ]ᵐba
21 negro black tik sik-ⁿda
22 camino road dan ⁿagᵑ
23 nuevo new (a)boawa -ᵐbo-ⁿda
24 palo, árbol stick, tree o(h)man wẽⁱmẽⁱ
25 carne meat barahai áiʔ 'hueso (bone)'; -hẽn 'carne (meat)'
26 comer eat pu pe
27 venir come dakdyi e-tʃiak
28 defecar defecate dokna ⁿdoʔ
29 llegar; ir arrive; go waokdyi 'llegar' waʔ 'ir'
30 leña firewood i(h)ta ɨtaʔ
31 tobillo ankle itakon itak-pi 'espinilla (shin)' (Huachipairi)
32 nube cloud kodo'omi kurudⁿ
33 cielo sky kodoh kɨ'rɨdⁿ
34 viejo; finado old; dead kidak 'ser viejo (be old)' kʉuⁿdak 'finado (dead)'
35 quebrar, romper break kuruk ketek
36 venado deer ba(h)tyi ᵐbáwiʰ
37 cargar load ik yʉuk
38 piel skin dak -síⁿdak
39 animal animal bara 'caza, animal (game, animal)' aᵐbʉuredⁿ
40 hermano brother aponpia pogᵑ 'hermano mayor de la mujer (elder brother of wife)'
41 padre father pama áːpagᵑ
42 madre mother nyama náŋʔ
43 cabello hair poi -wih 'vello (body hair)'
44 cuerpo body boro ᵐboroʔ 'grande (big)'
45 soplar blow po(h)po(h)[man] po
46 dormir sleep kitan táⁱʔ
47 niño boy opu 'hijo; pequeño (son; small)' wa-ʂí-po
48 humo smoke omi oʔsĩwĩ
49 hamaca hammock homo horoʔɛʔ
50 volver return kinhina korʉudⁿ
51 lluvia rain hin ówiʔ
52 hermana (vocativo) sister (vocative) miyo mĩŋʔ
53 testículos testicles pada kon wãⁿda 'fruita redonda u oblonga (round or oblong fruit)'

For a list of cognates sets by Jolkesky (2011),[2] see the corresponding Portuguese article.

References

  1. ^ Campbell, Lyle; Grondona, Verónica (2012). The Indigenous Languages of South America: A Comprehensive Guide. Walter de Gruyter. p. 91. ISBN 9783110258035.
  2. ^ a b c d Jolkesky, Marcelo. 2011. Arawá-Katukína-Harakmbet: correspondências fonológicas, morfológicas e lexicais. Encontro Internacional: Arqueologia e Linguística Histórica das Línguas Indígenas Sul-Americanas Brasília, 24 a 28 de outubro de 2011.
  3. ^ Jolkesky, Marcelo Pinho de Valhery (2016). Estudo arqueo-ecolinguístico das terras tropicais sul-americanas (Ph.D. dissertation) (2 ed.). Brasília: University of Brasília.
  4. ^ Adelaar, Willem F. H. 2000. Propuesta de un nuevo vínculo genético entre dos grupos lingüísticos indígenas de la Amazonía occidental: Harakmbut y Katukina. In Luis Miranda Esquerre (ed.), Actas del I Congreso de Lenguas Indígenas de Sudamérica, 219-236. Lima: Universidad Ricardo Palma, Facultad de Lenguas Modernas, Departamento Académico de Humanidades.

This page was last updated at 2020-12-14 09:32, update this pageView original page

All information on this site, including but not limited to text, pictures, etc., are reproduced on Wikipedia (wikipedia.org), following the . Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License


Top

If the math, chemistry, physics and other formulas on this page are not displayed correctly, please useFirefox or Safari