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Iakoba Italeli


Sir Iakoba Italeli

Iakoba Italeli May 2015.jpg
Governor-General of Tuvalu
In office
16 April 2010 – 22 August 2019
MonarchElizabeth II
Prime MinisterApisai Ielemia
Maatia Toafa
Willy Telavi
Enele Sopoaga
Preceded byKamuta Latasi
Succeeded byTeniku Talesi Honolulu
(Acting)
Member of the Tuvaluan Parliament
for Nui
In office
3 August 2006 – 16 September 2010
Preceded byTaom Tanukale
Succeeded byTaom Tanukale
Attorney General of Tuvalu
In office
2002–2006
Preceded byFeleti Teo
Succeeded byEselealofa Apinelu
Personal details
Political partyIndependent
Spouse(s)Lady Koling Italeli Taeia
Alma materInternational Maritime Law Institute at the University of Malta

Sir Iakoba Taeia Italeli, GCMG, is a Tuvaluan politician who was the Governor-General of Tuvalu from 16 April 2010,[1][2][3] until 22 August 2019,[4] when he resigned to contest in the 2019 general election.[5]

He is also a former attorney general of Tuvalu who served from 2002 to 2006. He was the chancellor of the University of the South Pacific from July 2014 to June 2015.[6]

Career

Italeli is a graduate of International Maritime Law Institute at the University of Malta in 2001. He was appointed as acting Attorney General in 2002, a position kept until 2006. Italeli ran for public office for the first time in the Tuvaluan general election in 2006. He won the election, and became the representative of the Nui district in the Parliament of Tuvalu, a position kept for 4 more years.[7] He also served as the Minister of Education, Sports and Health, in the government of the Prime Minister, Apisai Ielemia.[7] He remained as minister until 2010 when he was appointed as governor-general.

He was appointed to the Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George as a Knight Grand Cross (GCMG) on 21 June 2010.

Constituency background

Italeli was elected to represent Nui in the Parliament of Tuvalu on a non-partisan basis; this lack of alignment is not unusual in the politics of Tuvalu; unusually for Tuvalu, Italeli represented a constituency where trilingualism is a feature, since many inhabitants of Nui originate from Kiribati, and thus speak Gilbertese, in addition to Tuvaluan and English, the fluency of which varies among local people.

His younger brother, Isaia Italeli, was elected to Parliament, also as MP for Nui, in the September 2010 general election, and subsequently became Speaker, then Minister for Works and Natural Resources.[8][9]

Governor-General

In 2010, Italeli was appointed Governor-General of Tuvalu by Elizabeth II, Queen of Tuvalu.

In 2013, Italeli faced a political crisis when Prime Minister Willy Telavi's government lost a crucial by-election on 28 June and thereby lost its majority in parliament. The opposition thereafter held a majority of seats (eight to seven) and immediately called for the Prime Minister to advise that parliament be reconvened.[10] Telavi responded that, under the constitution, parliament was required to convene only once a year and he was thus under no obligation to advise the Governor-General to summon it until December 2013.[11] The opposition turned to Italeli and, on 3 July, he exercised his reserve powers by summoning parliament, against the Prime Minister's wishes, on 30 July.[12] With only five members of the governing party and eight members of the opposition party in the legislature,[13] the Speaker of the Parliament, Kamuta Latasi, still refused to allow a vote of non-confidence and Taom Tanukale, a member of Telavi's party, resigned his seat in parliament, prompting Telavi to assert that no confidence vote should be held until a by-election was conducted in Tanukale's district, but without giving a date for such an election.[14] The opposition subsequently appealed again to the Governor-General,[14] who then, on 1 August, replaced Telavi with the former opposition leader Enele Sopoaga as prime minister and ordered that parliament sit until 2 August to allow for the vote of non-confidence regarding Telavi's government to take place.[15] On the same day, Telavi declared he had written to Elizabeth II, the Queen of Tuvalu, advising her to replace Italeli as governor general and that Italeli "had been fired".[16] The Queen gave no indication of her reaction to Telavi's letter, leaving Italeli's position secure.[15]

See also

Government offices
Preceded by
Kamuta Latasi
Acting
Governor General of Tuvalu
2010–2019
Succeeded by
Mrs. Teniku Talesi Honolulu
Acting

References

  1. ^ "HE Sir Iakoba Taeia Italeli, GCMG". Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 7 December 2012.
  2. ^ "New Tuvaluan MPs get key cabinet portfolios", Pacific Islands News Association, 29 September 2010
  3. ^ Hassall, Graham (2006). "The Tuvalu General Election 2006". Democracy and Elections project, Governance Program, University of the South Pacific. Retrieved 11 April 2015.
  4. ^ "United Nations - Heads Of State" (PDF). United Nations - Protocol and Liaison Service. 2020. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  5. ^ "GG's Appointment: Nanumaga Continues To Defy Government's Request". Kitiona Tausi, Tuvalu Paradise - Issue No. 44/2020. 9 October 2020. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  6. ^ "Chancellor". University of the South Pacific. August 2018. Retrieved 17 January 2019.
  7. ^ a b Hassall, Graham (2006). "The Tuvalu General Election 2006". Democracy and Elections project, Governance Program, University of the South Pacific. Retrieved 11 April 2015.
  8. ^ Tuvalu: 2010 general election, Inter-Parliamentary Union
  9. ^ Tuvalu: Cabinet Archived 28 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine, Central Intelligence Agency
  10. ^ "Tuvalu’s Opposition waiting to hear from GG" Archived 8 January 2014 at the Wayback Machine, Islands Business, 1 July 2013
  11. ^ "Parliament needs one yearly meeting only says defiant Tuvalu PM", Radio New Zealand International, 2 July 2013
  12. ^ "Tuvalu’s parliament convenes July 30" Archived 21 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine, Islands Business, 3 July 2013
  13. ^ Matau, Robert (30 July 2013). "Tuvalu govt bombshells". Island Business. Archived from the original on 29 April 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
  14. ^ a b Matau, Robert (1 August 2013). "GG appoints Sopoaga as Tuvalu's caretaker PM". Island Business. Archived from the original on 10 October 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
  15. ^ a b "Tuvalu government faces constitutional crisis". Australia Network News. 1 August 2013. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
  16. ^ Cooney, Campbell (6 August 2013). "Confident Tuvalu PM voice for climate change". ABC. Retrieved 8 August 2013.

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