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Jaikó language

Jaikó
Native toBrazil
RegionJaicós, southeastern Piauí
Extinct19th century
Macro-Jê ?
  • Jaikó
Language codes
ISO 639-3None (mis)
Glottologgeic1236[1]

Jaikó (Jeicó, Jeikó, Yeico, Geico, Eyco) is an extinct language of southeastern Piauí, Brazil.

Classification

Based on a 67-word list from the 19th century in von Martius (1867, v. 2, p. 143),[2] it appears to be a Jê language.

However, Ramirez et al. (2015: 260–261) doubts the accuracy of von Martius' list, and notes that the word list may actually consist of a wide mixture of languages spoken in Piauí, including from Pimenteira (Cariban) and Masakará (Kamakã).[3] Nevertheless, Nikulin (2020) still finds convincing evidence that Jaikó was a Macro-Jê language, but does not consider it to be within the branch.[4]

Distribution

Jaikó was spoken around the aldeia (village) of Cajueiro, located in what is now southeastern Piauí state. The name is derived from the town of Jaicós, which was located in the Jaikó people's territory around the Canindé River and Gurgueia River.[4]

Word list

The full Geicó word list from von Martius (1867),[2] with both the original Latin glosses and translated English glosses, is reproduced below.

Latin gloss
(original)
English gloss
(translated)
Geicó
aethiopissa black woman tacayo
asso, are roast tiloschung
audio, ire hear uschiegkó
auris ear aischeroh
avunculus uncle iquaté
brachium arm aepang
brevis, e short nohtutudäng
calidus, a, um hot ijahú
capillus hair grangsché
caput head grangblá
coelum sky maecó
collum neck aepurgó
costa rib aemantaelä
dens tooth ayanté
diabolus devil pocklaeschü aqälé
dies day fipiaco
digitus finger aenaenongklang
domus house y(l)rouró
dormio, ire sleep uhliong
edo, ere eat tiqua
femur thigh aecroh
filia daughter scharrepiú
filius son scharrété
foedus, a, um treaty nohmĕlĕniheh
folium leaf arandische
frigidus a, um cold ohntü(hl)
homo albus white man tipiaeung
homo niger black man tickah
ignis fire ping
juvenis young oopáung
lavo, are wash namblú
lingua tongue aenettá
longus, a, um long nohriähniheng
luna moon paang
macer, a, um thin (person) nohnpütü(hl)
mamma mother aejussi
manus hand aenaenong
mater mother
membr. vir. man, male aereng
membr. mul. woman, female aeoaénū
morior die nong(e)roh
nasus nose aenecopiöh
nox night coco
occido fall tiuing
oculus eye alepuh
os, oris mouth aingko
paler stick
patera cucurbitina gourd bowl ae(e)rû
pectus breast aejussi
pes foot aepähno
pinguis, e fat (adj.) nohtŏnĭheh
puella girl juckqué
pulcher, a, um beautiful nohr(l)äniheh
ramus branch arandische
semiaethiops (mulatto) mulatto mandattú
sol sun chügkrá
soror sister nempiaepiú
stella star bräcklüh
sylva forest oütü
tabacum tobacco pâeih
terra earth chgkü
trulla ladle cărá
venter belly aepu
ventus wind ongkthü
video, ere see u(l)epú
umbilicus navel aequakrüng
unguis fingernail aenaenongsiaé

References

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Geico". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ a b von Martius, Carl Friedrich Philip. 1867. Wörtersammlung Brasilianischer Sprachen. (Beiträge zur Ethnographie und Sprachenkunde Amerikas zumal Brasiliens, II.) Leipzig: Friedrich Fleischer. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ Ramirez, H., Vegini, V., & França, M. C. V. de. (2015). Koropó, puri, kamakã e outras línguas do Leste Brasileiro. LIAMES: Línguas Indígenas Americanas, 15(2), 223 - 277. doi:10.20396/liames.v15i2.8642302
  4. ^ a b Nikulin, Andrey. 2020. Proto-Macro-Jê: um estudo reconstrutivo. Doctoral dissertation, University of Brasília.

This page was last updated at 2020-11-24 04:01, update this pageView original page

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