Jemmape (department)

Department of Jemmape

Département de Jemmape
Flag of Jemmape
Jemmape and other annexed departments
Jemmape and other annexed departments
StatusDepartment of the French First Republic and the French First Empire
50°27′N 3°53′E / 50.450°N 3.883°E / 50.450; 3.883
Official languagesFrench
Common languagesDutch
Historical eraFrench Revolutionary Wars
• Creation
1 October 1795
• Treaty of Paris, disestablished
30 May 1814
18123,766[1] km2 (1,454 sq mi)
• 1812
Preceded by Succeeded by
Austrian Netherlands
Prince-Bishopric of Liège
United Kingdom of the Netherlands
Today part of

Jemmape [ʒɛ.map] was a department of the First French Republic and of the First French Empire in present-day Belgium. It was named after the Battle of Jemappes, fought between the French and the Austrians in 1792 near the village of Jemappes, near Mons. Jemappes was spelled Jemmape, Jemmapes or Jemmappes at the time. Its territory corresponded more or less with that of the Belgian province of Hainaut. It was created on 1 October 1795, when the Austrian Netherlands and the Prince-Bishopric of Liège were officially annexed by the French Republic[2]. Before the reunion with France, its territory was part of the County of Hainaut, Tournai and the Tournaisis, a part of the County of Namur (Charleroi) and of the Bishopric of Liège (Thuin).

The Chef-lieu of the department was Mons. The department was subdivided into the following three arrondissements and cantons:

After Napoleon was defeated in 1814, the department was dissolved and later it became part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands as the province of Hainaut.

Map of the former Jemmape department



The Prefect was the highest state representative in the department.

Term start Term end Office holder
2 March 1800[3] 1 February 1805 Jean-Baptiste Étienne Garnier
1 February 1805[4] 7 August 1810 Patrice Charles Gislain De Coninck
7 August 1810[5] 8 February 1812 Jean-Baptiste Maximilien Villot de Fréville
8 February 1812[6] 9 March 1812 Benoît Joseph Holvoet
9 March 1812[7] 30 May 1814 Pierre-Clément de Laussat


The Secretary-General was the deputy to the Prefect.

Term start Term end Office holder
2 March 1800 30 May 1814 Robert La Vallée

Subprefects of Charleroi

Term start Term end Office holder
26 April 1800[8] 30 May 1814 Stanislas Joseph Troye

Subprefects of Mons

The office of Subprefect of Mons was held by the Prefect until 1811.

Term start Term end Office holder
14 January 1811[8] 11 April 1811 Philibert François Jean Baptiste Joseph Vander Haegen de Mussain
11 April 1811[8] 30 May 1814 Defraye de Schiplaecken

Subprefects of Tournai

Term start Term end Office holder
25 April 1800[8] 3 February 1804 François Magloire Joseph Goblet
3 February 1804[8] 30 May 1814 Nicolas Lahure


  1. ^ a b Almanach Impérial. Imprimerie de Sa Majesté. 1812. p. 415.
  2. ^ Duvergier, Jean-Baptiste (1835). Collection complète des lois, décrets, ordonnances, réglemens et avis du Conseil d'état, t. 8. p. 300.
  3. ^ Archives Nationales. "GARNIER, Jean-Baptiste Étienne". francearchives.fr. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  4. ^ Archives Nationales. "DE CONINCK DIT CONINCK-OUTRIVE, Patrice Charles Gislain". francearchives.fr. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  5. ^ Archives Nationales. "VILLOT DE FRÉVILLE, Jean-Baptiste Maximilien". francearchives.fr. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  6. ^ Archives Nationales. "HOLVOET, Benoît Joseph". francearchives.fr. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  7. ^ Archives Nationales. "DE LAUSSAT, Pierre Clément". francearchives.fr. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  8. ^ a b c d e Tulard, Jean & Marie-José (2014). Napoléon et 40 millions de sujets: La centralisation et le premier empire. p. 308.

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