wanweipedia

Jewish population by country

Jews and those of sufficient Jewish descent to be eligible for Israeli citizenship under the Law of Return by country in proportion to the general population (per million people, 2018)
Jewish population by country (1,000s, 2018)

Eligible Jewish population by country (top 12, 2018)

  United States (51%)
  Israel (30%)
  France (3%)
  Canada (3%)
  Russia (3%)
  Argentina (1%)
  Germany (1%)
  Australia (1%)
  Brazil (1%)
  Ukraine (1%)
  Hungary (1%)
 Other (2%)

At the beginning of 2019, the world's "core" Jewish population, those identifying as Jews above all else, was estimated at 14.7 million (or 0.2% of the 7.89 billion humans). The "connected" Jewish population, including those who say they are partly Jewish or that have Jewish background from at least a single Jewish parent, in addition to the core Jewish population, was 17.9 million. The "enlarged" Jewish population, including those who say they have Jewish background but not a Jewish parent, and all non-Jewish household members who live in households with Jews, in addition to the Jewish connected population, is 20.9 million. Counting all "eligible" to Israeli citizenship under Israel's Law of Return, in addition to Israeli Jews, totaled 23.7 million.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

Two countries, the United States (51%), and Israel (30%), including the West Bank (2%), account for 81% of those recognised as Jews or of sufficient Jewish ancestry to be eligible for citizenship in Israel under its Law of Return. France (3%), Canada (3%), Russia (3%), the United Kingdom (2%), Argentina (1%), Germany (1%), Ukraine (1%), Brazil (1%), Australia (1%) and Hungary (1%) hold an additional 16%, and the remaining 3% are spread around 98 other countries and territories with less than 0.5% each. With nearly 6.8 million Jews,[7] Israel is the only Jewish-majority and explicitly Jewish state.

In 1939, the core Jewish population reached its historical peak of 17 million. Due to the Holocaust, the number was reduced to 11 million by 1945.[8][9][10] The population grew to around 13 million by the 1970s and then recorded near-zero growth until around 2005, due to low fertility rates and to assimilation.[9] From 2005 to 2018, the world's Jewish population grew on average 0.63% annually (while world population grew 1.1% annually in the same period).[2] This increase primarily reflected the rapid growth of Haredi and some Orthodox sectors, who are becoming a growing proportion of Jews.[11]

Recent trends

Recent Jewish population dynamics are characterized by continued steady increase in the Israeli Jewish population and flat or declining numbers in other countries (the diaspora). The Jewish population of Israel increased from 630,000 at the country's inception in 1948 to 6,135,000 in 2014,[12] while the population of the diaspora has dropped from 10.5 to 8.1 million over the same period.[5] Current Israeli Jewish demographics are characterized by a relatively high fertility rate of 3 children per woman and a stable age distribution.[13] The overall growth rate of Jews in Israel is 1.7% annually.[14] The diaspora countries, by contrast, have low Jewish birth rates, an increasingly elderly age composition, and a negative balance of people leaving Judaism versus those joining.[5]

Immigration trends also favour Israel ahead of diaspora countries. The Jewish state has a positive immigration balance (called aliyah in Hebrew). Israel saw its Jewish numbers significantly buoyed by a million-strong wave of Jewish immigrants from the former Soviet Union in the 1990s,[15] and immigration growth has been steady (in the low tens of thousands) since then.[16] In the rest of the world, only the United States, Canada, Australia, and Germany have had a positive recent Jewish migration balance outside of Israel. In general, the modern English-speaking world has seen an increase in its share of the diaspora since the Holocaust and the foundation of Israel, while historic diaspora Jewish populations in Eastern Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East have significantly declined or disappeared.[17]

France continues to be home to the world's third largest Jewish community, at around 500,000,[18][19] but has shown an increasingly negative trend. As a long term tend, intermarriage has reduced its "core" Jewish population and increased its "connected" and "enlarged" Jewish populations. More recently, migration loss to Israel amongst French Jews reached the tens of thousands between 2014 and 2017, following a wave of anti-Semitic attacks.[20][21]

According to a 2017 Pew Research Center survey, between 2010 and 2015 "an estimated one million babies were born to Jewish mothers and roughly 600,000 Jewish died, meaning that the natural increase in the Jewish population – i.e., the number of births minus the number of deaths – was 500,000 over this period".[22] According to the same study, over the next four decades the number of Jews around the world is expected to increase from 14.2 million in 2015 to 20.3 million in 2060.[23]

Debate over United States numbers

The number of Jews in the United States has been the subject of much debate because of questions over counting methodology. In 2012, Sheskin and Dashefsky put forward a figure of 6.72 million based on a mixture of local surveys, informed local estimates, and US census data. They qualified their estimate with a concern over double counting and suggested the real figure may lie between 6 and 6.4 million.[24] Drawing on their work, the Steinhardt Social Research Institute released their own estimate of 6.8 million Jews in the United States in 2013.[25] These figures are in contrast to Israeli demographer Sergio Della Pergola's number of 5,425,000, also in 2012.[26] He has called high estimates “implausible” and “unreliable” although he revised the United States Jewish number upward to 5.7 million in subsequent years.[27][26] This controversy followed a similar debate in 2001 when the National Jewish Population Survey released a United States Jewish estimate as low as 5.2 million only to have serious methodological errors suggested in their survey.[26] In sum, a confidence interval of a million or more people is likely to persist in reporting on the number of Jewish Americans.

By country

Below is a list of Jewish populations in the world by country. All data below, but the last column, is from the Berman Jewish DataBank at Stanford University in the World Jewish Population (2018) report coordinated by Sergio DellaPergola at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.[28] The Jewish DataBank figures are primarily based on national censuses combined with trend analysis. "Core" Jewish population refers to those who consider themselves Jews to the exclusion of all else. The "connected" Jewish population, in addition to the core Jewish population, includes those who say they are partly Jewish or that have Jewish background from at least one Jewish parent. The "enlarged" Jewish population includes the Jewish connected population and those who say they have Jewish background but not a Jewish parent, and all non-Jews living in households with Jews. The Law of Return Jewish population includes all those eligible to immigration to Israel under its Law of Return. Note that the results below may not be entirely accurate, as other sources may have conflicting accounts of Jewish populations in certain countries.

Table

Countries Core population Connected population Enlarged population Eligible population National
official
Total pct pmp Total pct pmp Total pct pmp Total pct pmp
  Israel[a] 6,246,700 40 731,198 6,455,611 36 755,651 6,664,509 32 780,103 6,664,509 28 780,103 [7]6,731,012 (2019)
  United States 5,700,000 36 17,378 8,000,000 45 24,390 10,000,000 48 30,488 12,000,000 51 36,585 [29]6,497,836 (2010)
  France[b] 450,000 2.9 6,908 550,000 3.1 8,443 650,000 3.1 9,979 750,000 3.2 11,514 N/A
  West Bank[c] 418,900 2.7 138,539 423,339 2.4 140,007 427,791 2.1 141,479 427,791 1.8 141,479 N/A
  Canada 392,000 2.5 10,538 450,000 2.5 12,262 550,000 2.7 14,986 700,000 3.0 19,074 [30]145,102 (2016)
  United Kingdom[d] 263,346 1.7 4,367 330,000 1.9 4,970 370,000 1.8 5,572 410,000 1.7 6,175 [31][32][33]272,264 (2020)
  Argentina 180,000 1.1 4,045 260,000 1.5 6,095 310,000 1.5 7,449 360,000 1.5 7,901 N/A
  Russia 165,000 1.0 1,120 320,000 1.8 2,180 460,000 2.2 2,997 600,000 2.6 4,087 [34]159,548 (2020)
  Australia 118,000 0.75 4,896 130,000 0.73 5,102 145,000 0.70 5,715 160,000 0.68 6,327 [35]91,932 (2020)
  Germany 118,000 0.75 1,425 150,000 0.84 1,805 225,000 1.1 2,708 275,000 1.2 3,309 [36]84,264 (2020)
  Brazil 92,600 0.59 442 120,000 0.67 577 150,000 0.73 722 180,000 0.77 866 [35]108,402 (2018)
  South Africa 67,500 0.43 1,170 75,000 0.42 1,327 80,000 0.39 1,416 85,000 0.36 1,504 [37]52,823 (2019)
  Ukraine 48,000 0.30 1,135 90,000 0.51 2,293 140,000 0.68 3,310 200,000 0.85 4,728 [38]106,535 (2020)
  Hungary 47,300 0.30 4,827 75,000 0.42 7,653 100,000 0.48 10,204 130,000 0.55 13,265 [35]11,075 (2018)
  Mexico 40,000 0.25 306 45,000 0.25 344 50,000 0.24 382 65,000 0.28 497 [35]68,151 (2018)
  Netherlands 29,800 0.19 1,733 43,000 0.24 2,500 53,000 0.26 3,081 63,000 0.27 3,663 [39]17,133 (2020)
  Belgium 29,100 0.18 2,553 35,000 0.20 3,070 40,000 0.19 3,509 45,000 0.19 3,947 N/A
  Italy 27,400 0.17 452 34,000 0.19 561 41,000 0.20 677 48,000 0.20 792 N/A
  Switzerland 18,500 0.12 2,176 22,000 0.12 2,588 25,000 0.12 2,941 28,000 0.12 3,294 [35]16,931 (2018)
  Chile 18,300 0.12 984 21,000 0.12 1,129 25,000 0.12 1,344 30,000 0.13 1,613 [35]15,126 (2018)
  Uruguay 16,600 0.11 4,743 20,000 0.11 5,714 24,000 0.12 6,857 28,000 0.12 8,000 N/A
  Turkey 14,800 0.094 182 19,000 0.11 234 21,000 0.10 258 23,000 0.098 283 N/A
  Sweden 15,000 0.095 1,471 20,000 0.11 1,961 25,000 0.12 2,451 30,000 0.13 2,941 N/A
  Spain 11,700 0.074 251 15,000 0.084 321 18,000 0.087 385 21,000 0.089 450 N/A
  Belarus 9,000 0.057 947 17,000 0.096 1,789 25,000 0.12 2,632 33,000 0.14 3,474 [40]13,064 (2020)
  Panama 10,000 0.063 2,381 11,000 0.062 2,619 12,000 0.058 2,857 13,000 0.055 3,095 N/A
  Romania 9,000 0.057 462 13,000 0.073 667 17,000 0.082 872 20,000 0.085 1,026 [35]3,554 (2018)
  Austria 10,000 0.063 1,136 14,000 0.079 1,591 17,000 0.082 1,932 20,000 0.085 2,273 [35]8,221 (2018)
  Iran 8,300 0.053 102 10,500 0.059 129 12,000 0.058 147 13,000 0.055 159 [35]9,924 (2018)
  Azerbaijan 7,500 0.048 758 10,500 0.059 1,061 15,500 0.075 1,566 20,500 0.087 2,071 [41]9,175 (2018)
  Venezuela 7,000 0.044 220 10,000 0.056 314 12,000 0.058 377 14,000 0.060 440 [42][43]9,595 (2020)
  New Zealand 7,500 0.048 1,531 8,500 0.048 1,735 9,500 0.046 1,939 10,500 0.045 2,143 [35]6,936 (2018)
  Denmark 6,400 0.041 1,103 7,500 0.042 1,293 8,500 0.041 1,466 9,500 0.040 1,638 N/A
  India 4,800 0.030 4 6,000 0.034 4 7,500 0.036 5 9,000 0.038 7 [44]4,697 (2020)
  Latvia 4,600 0.029 2,421 8,000 0.045 4,211 12,000 0.058 6,316 16,000 0.068 8,421 [45]8,292 (2020)
  Greece 4,200 0.027 396 5,200 0.029 491 6,000 0.029 566 7,000 0.030 660 N/A
  Czech Republic 3,900 0.025 368 5,000 0.028 472 6,500 0.031 613 8,000 0.034 755 [46]1,489 (2020)
  Moldova 1,900 0.012 543 3,800 0.021 1,086 7,500 0.036 2,143 10,000 0.043 2,857 [35]1,617 (2018)
  Uzbekistan 3,000 0.019 91 6,000 0.034 182 8,000 0.039 243 10,000 0.043 304 [47]95,636 (2020)
  Poland 4,500 0.029 117 7,000 0.039 182 10,000 0.048 260 13,000 0.055 339 [48]2,513 (2020)
  Kazakhstan 2,600 0.016 141 4,800 0.027 261 6,500 0.031 353 9,500 0.040 516 [35]5,334 (2018)
  China[e] 3,000 0.019 2 3,200 0.018 2 3,400 0.016 2 3,600 0.015 3 N/A
  Lithuania 2,400 0.015 857 4,700 0.026 1,679 7,500 0.036 2,679 10,500 0.045 3,750 [35]1,241 (2018)
  Slovakia 2,600 0.016 481 3,600 0.020 667 4,600 0.022 852 6,000 0.026 1,111 [49]603 (2020)
  Costa Rica 2,500 0.016 500 2,800 0.016 560 3,100 0.015 620 3,400 0.014 680 N/A
  Colombia 2,100 0.013 42 2,800 0.016 56 3,500 0.017 70 4,500 0.019 90 N/A
  Morocco 2,100 0.013 60 2,500 0.014 71 2,800 0.014 80 3,100 0.013 88 N/A
  Bulgaria 2,000 0.013 286 4,000 0.022 571 6,000 0.029 857 8,000 0.034 1,143 [50]1,174 (2020)
  Estonia 1,900 0.012 1,462 2,700 0.015 2,077 3,500 0.017 2,692 4,500 0.019 3,462 [51]1,940 (2020)
  Peru 1,900 0.012 59 2,400 0.013 75 3,000 0.015 93 3,500 0.015 109 N/A
  Croatia 1,700 0.011 415 2,400 0.013 585 3,100 0.015 756 3,800 0.016 927 [35]546 (2018)
  Georgia 1,500 0.0095 385 3,000 0.017 769 5,000 0.024 1,282 7,500 0.032 1,923 [35]1,431 (2018)
 Ireland 2,600 0.016 531 3,600 0.020 735 5,000 0.024 1,020 6,500 0.028 1,327 [52]1,940 (2020)
  Puerto Rico 1,500 0.0095 455 2,000 0.011 606 2,500 0.012 758 3,000 0.013 909 N/A
  Serbia 1,400 0.0089 200 2,100 0.012 300 2,800 0.014 400 3,500 0.015 500 [35]588 (2018)
  Finland 1,300 0.0082 236 1,600 0.0090 291 1,900 0.0092 345 2,200 0.0094 400 [53]1,104 (2020)
  Norway 1,300 0.0082 245 1,600 0.0090 302 2,000 0.0097 377 2,500 0.011 472 [54]811 (2020)
  Tunisia 1,000 0.0063 86 1,200 0.0067 103 1,400 0.0068 121 1,600 0.0068 138 N/A
  Japan 1,000 0.0063 8 1,200 0.0067 9 1,400 0.0068 11 1,600 0.0068 13 N/A
  Paraguay 1,000 0.0063 145 1,300 0.0073 188 1,600 0.0077 232 1,900 0.0081 275 [35]1,111 (2018)
  Guatemala 900 0.0057 52 1,200 0.0067 70 1,500 0.0073 87 1,800 0.0077 105 N/A
  Singapore 900 0.0057 155 1,000 0.0056 172 1,200 0.0058 207 1,400 0.0060 241 N/A
  Ecuador 600 0.0038 35 800 0.0045 47 1,000 0.0048 59 1,200 0.0051 71 N/A
  Gibraltar 700 0.0044 20,000 800 0.0045 22,857 900 0.0044 25,714 1,000 0.0043 28,571 [35]772 (2018)
  Luxembourg 600 0.0038 1,000 800 0.0045 1,333 1,000 0.0048 1,667 1,200 0.0051 2,000 N/A
  Portugal 600 0.0038 58 800 0.0045 78 1,000 0.0048 97 1,200 0.0051 117 [35]3,092 (2018)
  Bolivia 500 0.0032 44 700 0.0039 62 900 0.0044 80 1,100 0.0047 97 N/A
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 500 0.0032 143 800 0.0045 229 1,100 0.0053 314 1,400 0.0060 400 [55]270 (2020)
  Cuba 500 0.0032 45 1,000 0.0056 90 1,500 0.0073 135 2,000 0.0085 180 N/A
 U.S. Virgin Islands 400 0.0025 3,810 600 0.0034 5,714 700 0.0034 6,667 800 0.0034 7,619 N/A
  Kyrgyzstan 400 0.0025 66 700 0.0039 115 1,000 0.0048 164 1,500 0.0064 246 [56]458 (2020)
 Bahamas 300 0.0019 750 500 0.0028 1,250 700 0.0034 1,750 900 0.0038 2,250 [35]202 (2018)
  Kenya 300 0.0019 6 500 0.0028 10 700 0.0034 14 900 0.0038 18 N/A
 Netherlands Antilles 300 0.0019 926 500 0.0028 1,543 700 0.0034 2,160 900 0.0038 2,778 N/A
  Jamaica 200 0.0013 69 300 0.0017 103 400 0.0019 138 500 0.0021 172 [35]516 (2018)
  Suriname 200 0.0013 333 400 0.0022 667 600 0.0029 1,000 800 0.0034 1,333 [57]190 (2020)
  Thailand 200 0.0013 3 300 0.0017 5 400 0.0019 6 500 0.0021 8 N/A
  Turkmenistan 200 0.0013 34 400 0.0022 68 600 0.0029 102 800 0.0034 136 [58]1,552 (2020)
  Zimbabwe 200 0.0013 14 400 0.0022 29 600 0.0029 43 800 0.0034 57 N/A
  Armenia 100 0.00063 33 300 0.0017 100 500 0.0024 167 700 0.0030 233 [59]137 (2020)
 Bermuda 100 0.00063 1,639 200 0.0011 3,279 300 0.0015 4,918 400 0.0017 6,557 [35]146 (2018)
  Botswana 100 0.00063 45 200 0.0011 91 300 0.0015 136 400 0.0017 182 N/A
  DR Congo 100 0.00063 1 200 0.0011 2 300 0.0015 4 400 0.0017 5 N/A
  Cyprus 100 0.00063 83 200 0.0011 167 300 0.0015 250 400 0.0017 333 N/A
  Dominican Republic 100 0.00063 9 200 0.0011 19 300 0.0015 28 400 0.0017 37 N/A
  Egypt 100 0.00063 1 200 0.0011 2 300 0.0015 3 400 0.0017 4 N/A
  El Salvador 100 0.00063 15 200 0.0011 31 300 0.0015 46 400 0.0017 62 N/A
  Ethiopia 100 0.00063 1 500 0.0028 5 1,000 0.0048 9 2,500 0.011 23 N/A
  Indonesia 100 0.00063 0 200 0.0011 1 300 0.0015 1 400 0.0017 2 N/A
  Malta 100 0.00063 200 200 0.0011 400 300 0.0015 600 400 0.0017 800 N/A
  Namibia 100 0.00063 40 200 0.0011 80 300 0.0015 120 400 0.0017 160 N/A
  Nigeria 100 0.00063 1 200 0.0011 1 300 0.0015 2 400 0.0017 2 N/A
 North Macedonia 100 0.00063 48 200 0.0011 95 300 0.0015 143 400 0.0017 190 [60]72 (2020)
  Madagascar 100 0.00063 4 200 0.0011 8 300 0.0015 11 400 0.0017 15 N/A
  Philippines 100 0.00063 1 200 0.0011 2 300 0.0015 3 400 0.0017 4 N/A
  Slovenia 100 0.00063 48 200 0.0011 95 300 0.0015 143 400 0.0017 190 [35]119 (2018)
  South Korea 100 0.00063 2 200 0.0011 4 300 0.0015 6 400 0.0017 8 N/A
  Syria[f] 100 0.00063 5 200 0.0011 11 300 0.0015 16 400 0.0017 22 N/A
  Taiwan 100 0.00063 4 200 0.0011 8 300 0.0015 13 400 0.0017 17 N/A
 Uganda N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [61]7,261 (2020)
 Aruba N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [35]365 (2018)
 Nicaragua N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [35]215 (2018)
 Barbados N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [35]113 (2018)
 Mauritius N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [35]53 (2018)
 Tajikistan N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [41][62]49 (2020)
 Anguilla N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [35]36 (2018)
 Faroe Islands N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [63]22 (2020)
  Montenegro N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [35]30 (2018)
 British Virgin Islands N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [35]22 (2018)
  Liechtenstein N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [64]47 (2020)
 Falkland Islands N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A [35]16 (2018)
 World 15,782,024 100% 2,005 17,794,400 100% 2,260 20,687,800 100% 2,628 23,472,400 100% 2,982 N/A
  1. ^ Including East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights, not including the West Bank.
  2. ^ Figures includes France and Monaco. See: History of the Jews in France and History of the Jews in Monaco.
  3. ^ West Bank total population (without East Jerusalem): 2,548,700; Gaza: 1,839,900; Total: 4,388,600. The West Bank also includes 404,600 Jews and 8,600 non-Jewish members of Jewish households, for a total of 413,200 Jews and others. The Jewish population of the West Bank consists of Israeli citizens living in Israeli settlements who are treated as residents of Israel under Israeli law. The reported West Bank total of 2,961,900 includes Palestinian, Jewish and other residents.
  4. ^ Including the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man.
  5. ^ Figures include mainland China and Hong Kong SAR. See: History of the Jews in China and History of the Jews in Hong Kong.
  6. ^ Includes Lebanon.

Remnant and vanished populations

The above table represents Jews that number at least a few dozen per country. Reports exist of Jewish communities remaining in other territories in the low single digits that are on the verge of disappearing, particularly in the Muslim world, as their reaction to the birth of Israel in 1948 was the persecution of Jews in nearly all Muslim lands; these are often of historical interest as they represent the remnant of much larger Jewish populations. For example, Egypt had a Jewish community of 80,000 in the early 20th century that numbered fewer than 40 as of 2014, mainly because of the forced expulsion movements to Israel and other countries at that time.[65] Afghanistan may have only one Jew left, Zablon Simintov, despite a 2,000 year history of Jewish presence.[66] In Syria, another ancient Jewish community saw mass exodus at the end of the 20th century and numbered fewer than 20 in the midst of the Syrian Civil War.[67] The size of the Jewish community in Indonesia has been variously given as 65, 100, or 18 at most over the last 50 years.[68][69]

Major Jewish population centers worldwide

Jewish population by city

Visualization of Urban Areas by Jewish Population

Censuses in many countries do not record religious or ethnic background, leading to a lack of certainty on the exact numbers of Jewish population.

City Country Number
New York City[70]  United States 1,100,000
Los Angeles[71]  United States 621,200
Jerusalem[72]  Israel 546,100
Miami[71]  United States 535,000
Tel Aviv[72]  Israel 401,500
San Francisco Bay Area[71]  United States 391,550
Chicago[71]  United States 291,800
Paris[73]  France 277,000
Boston[71]  United States 248,000
Rishon LeZiyyon[72]  Israel 229,300
Petah Tikva[72]  Israel 220,900
Haifa[72]  Israel 217,600
Washington, D.C.[71]  United States 215,600
Philadelphia[71]  United States 214,600
Ashdod[72]  Israel 200,400
Netanya[72]  Israel 196,300
Toronto[74]  Canada 188,710
Be'er Sheva[72]  Israel 181,000
Buenos Aires[73]  Argentina 180,000
Ramat Gan[75]  Israel 175,000
Atlanta[71]  United States 170,000
Moscow[76]  Russia 165,000
London[77]  United Kingdom 160,000
San Diego[71]  United States 100,000
Montreal[74]  Canada 90,780
Cleveland[78][79][80][81]  United States 86,600
Denver[82]  United States 83,900
Phoenix[83]  United States 82,900
Las Vegas[84]  United States 80,000
Budapest[85]  Hungary 80,000
São Paulo[86]  Brazil 75,000
Detroit[87]  United States 71,750
Marseille[88]  France 70,000
Minneapolis-St Paul[89]  United States 64,800
Seattle[90]  United States 63,400
Dallas[91]  United States 57,800
Melbourne[92]  Australia 55,643
St. Louis, Missouri[93]  United States 54,500
Tampa[94]  United States 51,100
Sydney[95]  Australia 50,000
Johannesburg[96]  South Africa 50,000
Houston[97]  United States 48,400
Portland[98]  United States 47,500
Pittsburgh[99]  United States 42,200
Saint Petersburg[76]  Russia 40,000
Rio de Janeiro[100]  Brazil 40,000
Mexico City[101]  Mexico 39,777
Hartford[102]  United States 34,500
New Haven[103]  United States 29,700
Cincinnati[104]  United States 27,000
Vancouver[105]  Canada 26,255
Milwaukee[106]  United States 25,800
Manchester[107]  United Kingdom 25,000
Berlin[108]  Germany 25,000
Lyon[109]  France 25,000
Istanbul[110]  Turkey 24,000
Toulouse[19][109]  France 23,000
Tucson[111][112]  United States 22,900
Rochester[113]  United States 22,500
Columbus[114]  United States 22,500
Perth[115]  Australia 20,000
Montevideo[116]  Uruguay 20,000
Amsterdam[117]  Netherlands 20,000
Antwerp[118]  Belgium 20,000
Brussels[119]  Belgium 20,000
Nice[109]  France 20,000
Kansas City[120]  United States 19,000
Orlando[121]  United States 19,000
Kyiv[122]  Ukraine 17,900
Austin[123]  United States 16,300
Strasbourg[124][109]  France 16,000
Cape Town[96][125]  South Africa 16,000
Porto Alegre[126]  Brazil 15,000
Jacksonville[127]  United States 15,000
Panama City[128]  Panama 15,000
Providence[129]  United States 14,200
Ottawa[74]  Canada 14,010
Winnipeg[74]  Canada 13,690
Rome[130]  Italy 13,000
Buffalo[131]  United States 13,000
San Antonio[132]  United States 12,740
Richmond[133]  United States 12,500
Albany[134]  United States 12,500
Charlotte[71]  United States 12,000
New Orleans[135]  United States 12,000
Munich[136][better source needed]  Germany 11,000
Nashville[137]  United States 11,000
Frankfurt[138]  Germany 10,500
Indianapolis[139]  United States 10,000
Córdoba[107]  Argentina 9,000
Stockholm[140]  Sweden 9,000
Louisville[141]  United States 8,700
Calgary[74]  Canada 8,335
Milan[130]  Italy 8,000
Rosario[107]  Argentina 8,000
Leeds[142]  United Kingdom 8,000
Grenoble[109]  France 8,000
Vienna[143]  Austria 7,000
Chapel Hill[71]  United States 6,000
Raleigh[71]  United States 6,000
Zurich[144]  Switzerland 6,000
Edmonton[74]  Canada 5,550
Birmingham[145]  United States 5,300
Hong Kong[146]  Hong Kong 5,000
El Paso[147]  United States 5,000
Madison[148]  United States 5,000
Santa Fe[107]  Argentina 5,000
Bogotá[149]  Colombia 5,500
Metz[109]  France 4,000
Nancy[109]  France 4,000
Dayton[150]  United States 4,000
Toledo[150]  United States 3,900
Glasgow[151]  United Kingdom 3,500
Youngstown[152]  United States 3,200
Prague[153]  Czech Republic 3,000
Greensboro[154]  United States 3,000
Durban[96]  South Africa 2,700
Chișinău[155]  Moldova 2,649
Bucharest[156]  Romania 2,481
Brisbane[157]  Australia 2,195
Curitiba[158]  Brazil 1,774
Belo Horizonte[158]  Brazil 1,714
İzmir[159]  Turkey 1,500
Pretoria[96]  South Africa 1,500
Dublin[160]  Ireland 1,439
Recife[161]  Brazil 1,300
Helsinki[162]  Finland 1,200
Montgomery[163]  United States 1,200
Brasília[164]  Brazil 1,103
Florence[130]  Italy 1,000
Casablanca[165]  Morocco 1,000
Asunción[166]  Paraguay 1,000
Guadalajara[167]  Mexico 900
Bratislava[168]  Slovakia 800
Monterrey[169]  Mexico 500

Jewish population by towns and villages as a percentage of total population

List does not include cities in Israel.

City Country Percent Number
Qırmızı Qəsəbə[170]  Azerbaijan 100 3,300
Kiryas Joel[171]  United States 99 22,000
Deal[citation needed]  United States 91 600
Beachwood[172]  United States 90.4 10,700
Hampstead[173]  Canada 74.2 5,170
Côte-Saint-Luc[174]  Canada 69.1 20,146
Lakewood[175]  United States 59 59,607
Teaneck[176]  United States 50 18,000
Livingston[citation needed]  United States 46 12,600
Caulfield North[177]  Australia 41.4 6,319
Caulfield South[178]  Australia 33.9 4,008
Rose Bay[179]  Australia 27.3 2,744
Sarcelles[180]  France 25 15,000
Mercer Island[181]  United States 25 5,000
St Kilda East[182]  Australia 24.8 3,246
Créteil[183]  France 24.4 22,000
Vaucluse[184]  Australia 23.2 2,163
Westmount[185]  Canada 23.2 4,495
Bellevue Hill[186]  Australia 21.4 2,300
Dollard-des-Ormeaux[187]  Canada 21.1 10,115
Vaughan[188]  Canada 18.2 33,090
Elsternwick[189]  Australia 17.8 1,846
Montreal West[190]  Canada 13.8 710
Newton, Massachusetts[191]  United States 21 18,000
New York City[192]  United States 18 1,540,000
Bondi[193]  Australia 12.7 1,272
Los Angeles[192]  United States 12.5 519,000
Mount Royal[194]  Canada 12.0 2,205
San Jose, California[195]  United States 4 40,000
Marseille[196]  France 9 70,000
Buenos Aires[197]  Argentina 8.22 244,000
Newton Mearns[198]  United Kingdom 5.98 1,431
Philadelphia[199][failed verification]  United States 4.89 276,000
Toronto[200]  Canada 4.21 103,500

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ DellaPergola, Sergio (2020), Dashefsky, Arnold; Sheskin, Ira M. (eds.), "World Jewish Population, 2019", American Jewish Year Book 2019: The Annual Record of the North American Jewish Communities Since 1899, American Jewish Year Book, Cham: Springer International Publishing, 119, pp. 263–353, doi:10.1007/978-3-030-40371-3_8, ISBN 978-3-030-40371-3, retrieved 21 April 2021
  2. ^ a b DellaPergola, Sergio (2019), "World Jewish Population, 2018", in Dashefsky, Arnold; Sheskin, Ira M. (eds.), American Jewish Year Book 2018, American Jewish Year Book, 118, Springer International Publishing, pp. 361–449, doi:10.1007/978-3-030-03907-3_8, ISBN 9783030039066
  3. ^ DellaPergola, Sergio (2018), "World Jewish Population, 2017", in Dashefsky, Arnold; Sheskin, Ira M. (eds.), American Jewish Year Book 2017, American Jewish Year Book, 117, Springer International Publishing, pp. 297–377, doi:10.1007/978-3-319-70663-4_7, ISBN 9783319706627
  4. ^ DellaPergola, Sergio (2017), "World Jewish Population, 2016", in Dashefsky, Arnold; Sheskin, Ira M. (eds.), American Jewish Year Book 2016, American Jewish Year Book, 116, Springer International Publishing, pp. 253–332, doi:10.1007/978-3-319-46122-9_17, ISBN 9783319461212
  5. ^ a b c DellaPergola, Sergio (2016), "World Jewish Population, 2015", in Dashefsky, Arnold; Sheskin, Ira M. (eds.), American Jewish Year Book 2015, American Jewish Year Book, 115, Springer International Publishing, pp. 273–364, doi:10.1007/978-3-319-24505-8_7, ISBN 9783319245034
  6. ^ DellaPergola, Sergio (2015), "World Jewish Population, 2014", in Dashefsky, Arnold; Sheskin, Ira (eds.), American Jewish Year Book 2014, American Jewish Year Book, 114, Springer International Publishing, pp. 301–393, doi:10.1007/978-3-319-09623-0_19, ISBN 9783319096223
  7. ^ a b "Israel's Population Crosses 9 Million Mark!". United With Israel. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  8. ^ "World Jewish Population - Latest Statistics". Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  9. ^ a b "The continuing decline of Europe's Jewish population". 9 February 2015.
  10. ^ "Chart: The decline of Europe's Jewish population". Washington Post.
  11. ^ "Haredi Orthodox account for bulk of Jewish population growth in New York City - Nation". Jewish Journal. 22 January 2013. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  12. ^ Yaakov Levi. "Israel Population Now 8.3 Million - 75% Are Jewish". Israel National News. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
  13. ^ "Fertility Rates, by Age and Religion". Statistical Abstract of Israel. Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 11 September 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
  14. ^ "Data: Arab Growth Slows, Still Higher than Jewish Rate". Israel National News. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
  15. ^ Post-Soviet Aliyah and Jewish Demographic Transformation - Mark Tolts.
  16. ^ "Immigration to Israel by Year". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
  17. ^ "Demography". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
  18. ^ European Jewish Congress. "The Jewish Community of France". Archived from the original on 29 December 2016. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  19. ^ a b "La communauté juive de France compte 550.000 personnes, dont 25.000 à Toulouse". France info. 19 March 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  20. ^ "France tops list for Jewish emigration to Israel". RFI. 6 September 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
  21. ^ "Why 5,000 Jews emigrated from France to Israel last year". The Local Europe AB. 9 January 2017. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  22. ^ The Changing Global Religious Landscape: Babies born to Muslims will begin to outnumber Christian births by 2035; people with no religion face a birth dearth
  23. ^ The Changing Global Religious Landscape: Babies born to Muslims will begin to outnumber Christian births by 2035; people with no religion face a birth dearth
  24. ^ Sheskin, Ira; Dashefsky, Arnold (2 November 2012). Dashefsky, Arnold; Sheskin, Ira (eds.). "Jewish Population in the United States, 2012" (PDF). Current Jewish Population Reports. Storrs, Connecticut: North American Jewish Data Bank. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
  25. ^ Tighe, Elizabeth; et al. (September 2013). "American Jewish Population Estimates: 2012" (PDF). Brandeis University: Steinhardt Social Research Institute. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
  26. ^ a b c "US Jewish Population is Anywhere Between 5.425 Million and 6.722 Million". Jewish Political News and Updates. 18 February 2013. Archived from the original on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
  27. ^ DellaPergola, Sergio (2016). Dashefsky, Arnold; Sheskin, Ira (eds.). "World Jewish Population, 2016". Current Jewish Population Reports. The American Jewish Year Book (Dordrecht: Springer). 116. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  28. ^ DellaPergola, Sergio (2018). "World Jewish Population, 2018" (PDF). In Dashefsky, Arnold; Sheskin, Ira M. (eds.). The American Jewish Year Book, 2018. American Jewish Year Book. 118. Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 361–452. ISBN 9783030039066.
  29. ^ Bureau, US Census. "Section 1. Population". www.census.gov. Retrieved 30 September 2019.
  30. ^ "Data tables, 2016 Census". Statistics of Canada. 25 October 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  31. ^ "DC2107EW - Religion by sex by age". Nomis - official labour market statistics.
  32. ^ "Scotland's Census 2011 - National Records of Scotland" (PDF). Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  33. ^ "'I've undertaken three Jewish heritage walks in Northern Ireland and 200 people from all sections of wider society took part. One of them told me it was a pleasure to do something in Belfast which related to neither Protestant or Catholic history...'". Belfast Telegraph. 3 December 2018. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  34. ^ "Приложение 2. Национальный состав населения по субъектам Российской Федерации". Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  35. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae "Population by religion, sex and urban/rural residence". Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  36. ^ "Personen nach Religion (ausführlich) für Deutschland". Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  37. ^ "The Jews of South Africa in 2019" (PDF). Retrieved 18 August 2020.
  38. ^ "The distribution of the population by nationality and mother tongue". Statistics of Ukraine. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  39. ^ "De religieuze kaart van Nederland, 2010–2015" (in Dutch). Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  40. ^ "Национальный статистический комитет Республики Беларусь" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 October 2013. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  41. ^ a b "Population by national and/or ethnic group, sex and urban/rural residence". Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  42. ^ "Cuadro 8. Autodefinición en materia religiosa (GIS XXI, 2011)" (PDF). p. 216. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  43. ^ "Jewish community in Venezue... JPost - Jewish World - Jewish News". archive.is. 5 September 2012. Archived from the original on 5 September 2012. Retrieved 25 September 2019.
  44. ^ "For India's Jewish Community, Wait for Minority Status Continues". 28 July 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  45. ^ "Latvijas iedzīvotāju sadalījums pēc nacionālā sastāva un valstiskās piederības (Datums=01.07.2019)" (PDF) (in Latvian). Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 July 2019. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  46. ^ "WJC - Czechia". Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  47. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года. Национальный состав населения по республикам СССР". Demoscope.ru. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  48. ^ "Tabl. 4.2. Ludność według rodzaju i kolejności identyfikacji narodowo-etnicznych w 2011 roku" (PDF). Statistics of Poland. p. 91. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  49. ^ "Bilancia podľa národnosti a pohlavia - SR-oblasť-kraj-okres, m-v [om7002rr]" (in Slovak). Statistics of Slovakia. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  50. ^ "Етнически малцинствени общности | NCCEDI". nccedi.government.bg (in Bulgarian).
  51. ^ "Ethnic composition: 2019 estimation". Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  52. ^ "EY036: Actual and Percentage Change in Population Usually Resident and Present 2011 to 2016 by Sex, Religion, CensusYear and Statistic". Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  53. ^ "016 -- Population by religious community, age and sex in 2000 to 2017". Statistics of Finland. Archived from the original on 24 November 2018. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  54. ^ "Members of religious and life stance communities outside the Church of Norway, by religion/life stance. Per 1 January1". Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  55. ^ "1. Stanovništvo prema etničkoj/nacionalnoj pripadnosti - detaljna klasifikacija". Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  56. ^ 5.01.00.03 Национальный состав населения. [5.01.00.03 Total population by nationality] (XLS). Bureau of Statistics of Kyrgyzstan (in Russian, Kyrgyz, and English). 2018.
  57. ^ "Definitieve Resultaten Achtste Algemene Volkstelling (Vol. I)" (PDF). p. 39. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  58. ^ "Archived copy" Итоги всеобщей переписи населения Туркменистана по национальному составу в 1995 году.. asgabat.net (in Russian). asgabat.net. Archived from the original on 13 March 2013. Retrieved 31 July 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  59. ^ "ԱԶԳԱՅԻՆ ՓՈՔՐԱՄԱՍՆՈՒԹՅՈՒՆՆԵՐԸ ՀԱՅԱՍՏԱՆՈՒ". Archived from the original on 10 October 2017. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  60. ^ "T-03.01.3: Население според припадноста кон етничка заедница, по пописи" (PDF). p. 71. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  61. ^ "Table A9: Population by Religion, Sex and Residence" (PDF). p. 73. Retrieved 17 January 2019.
  62. ^ Национальный состав, владение языками и гражданство населения Республики Таджикистан Том III (PDF) (in Russian and Tajik). Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  63. ^ "CS 10.1.2 Population by religious faith, educational attainment, occupation, country of birth, year of arrival in the country and place of usual residence". Archived from the original on 2 October 2015. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  64. ^ "Wohnbevölkerung nach Religion und Herkunft, 1990 - 2000". Retrieved 17 January 2019.
  65. ^ "Egypt's Jewish community buries deputy leader". Al Jazeera. 12 March 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  66. ^ Donati, Jessica; Harooni, Mirwais (12 November 2013). "Last Jew in Afghanistan faces ruin as kebabs fail to sell". Reuters. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  67. ^ "Syria". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  68. ^ CIA World Fact Book
  69. ^ Levenda 2007, pp. 188.
  70. ^ Kravitz, Derek (1 October 2013). "New York City Area's Jewish Population Rises". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  71. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Jewish US population 2016" (PDF). Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  72. ^ a b c d e f g h "הלשכה המרכזית לסטטיסטיקה - מקורות גידול האוכלוסייה, לפי צורת יישוב, קבוצת אוכלוסייה ודת - 2017
    (ISRAEL CENTRAL BUREAU OF STATISTICS - SOURCES OF POPULATION GROWTH, BY TYPE OF LOCALITY, POPULATION GROUP AND RELIGION - 2017)"
    . Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  73. ^ a b "Jewish world population 2016" (PDF). Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  74. ^ a b c d e f "Basic Demographics of the Canadian Jewish Community". CIJA. Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 6 August 2019.
  75. ^ "יישובים וחלוקות גאוגרפיות אחרות". Retrieved 16 April 2020.
  76. ^ a b "Russian Federation". European Jewish Congress. Archived from the original on 4 September 2014. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
  77. ^ "2011 Census: Key Statistics for England and Wales, March 2011". Office for National Statistics. 11 December 2012. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
  78. ^ "Jewish Map of the United States - Comenetz 2011 - [North American Jewish Data Bank]". Jewishdatabank.org. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
  79. ^ "The Virtual Jewish History Tour - Cleveland". Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  80. ^ "Demographic and Attitudinal Survey of the Jewish Population of Akron, 1975 - [North American Jewish Data Bank]". Jewishdatabank.org. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  81. ^ "The Demographic Study of the Jewish Population of Canton, Ohio, 1955 - [North American Jewish Data Bank]". Jewishdatabank.org. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  82. ^ "2007 Jewish Community Study Points to Growth, Diversity, Emerging Needs". Jewishcolorado.org. 22 January 2008. Archived from the original on 20 February 2012. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  83. ^ "Population booms". Jewishaz.com. 6 December 2002. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  84. ^ Steve Friess, Chronicle Correspondent (5 April 2004). "Jewish settlers find Las Vegas to be a good bet / Their numbers have doubled in the past decade". Sfgate.com. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  85. ^ "Budapest, Hungary Jewish History Tour". www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org.
  86. ^ "Brazil - Modern-Day Community". www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/. 2013. Retrieved 22 December 2013.
  87. ^ Headapohl, Jackie. "Metro Detroit – Jewish Population Snapshot". thejewishnews.com. Jewish Renaissance Media. Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  88. ^ "France". World Jewish Congress. Archived from the original on 23 October 2014. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
  89. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 November 2020. Retrieved 21 November 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  90. ^ "Seattle's Jewish Community Grew 70 Percent in Last 15 Years". Tablet. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
  91. ^ "Best Places to Live in the United States". Bestplaces.net. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  92. ^ "2016 Census Community Profiles: Greater Melbourne". www.censusdata.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  93. ^ http://www.jewishdatabank.org/Studies/downloadFile.cfm?FileID=3016
  94. ^ "Tampa Bay Map & Jewish Demographics". The Real Florida Jewish Directory. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  95. ^ "2016 Census Community Profiles: Greater Sydney". www.censusdata.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  96. ^ a b c d "History of the Jewish Community in South Africa". South African Jewish Board of Deputies. Retrieved 30 June 2015.
  97. ^ "Best Places to Live in the United States". Bestplaces.net. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  98. ^ "How the Jewish Population of Portland, Ore., Doubled Overnight". tabletmag.com. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  99. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 December 2009. Retrieved 14 July 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  100. ^ "Brazil - International Religious Freedom Report 2009". www.state.gov/. 26 October 2009. Retrieved 22 December 2013.
  101. ^ World Jewish Population
  102. ^ "Best Places to Live in the United States". Bestplaces.net. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  103. ^ "Best Places to Live in the United States". Bestplaces.net. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  104. ^ Business Courier (11 September 2008). "Survey: Cincinnati Jewish population stable - Business Courier". Cincinnati.bizjournals.com. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  105. ^ "Statistics Canada - Community profiles - Vancouver Metropolitan Area". 2.statcan.ca. 12 March 2002. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  106. ^ "Revised community study finds fewer Milwaukee Jews | Wisconsin Jewish Chronicle". www.jewishchronicle.org.
  107. ^ a b c d "JDC Programs Worldwide". American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. 16 March 2005. Archived from the original on 28 March 2009. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  108. ^ "World Jewish Population | Latest Statistics". Simpletoremember.com. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  109. ^ a b c d e f g "France". World Jewish Congress. Archived from the original on 23 October 2014. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  110. ^ https://www.allaboutturkey.com/jews.html
  111. ^ "Best Places to Live in the United States". Bestplaces.net. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  112. ^ "The 2002 Tucson Jewish Community Study - [North American Jewish Data Bank]". Jewishdatabank.org. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  113. ^ "New York State". Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  114. ^ "Columbus". Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  115. ^ "2016 Census Community Profiles: Greater Perth". www.censusdata.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  116. ^ "Touring Montevideo's Jewish Quarter". Forward.com. 8 March 2011. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  117. ^ "Jewish culture, history and religion in Amsterdam". amsterdam.info. 8 March 2011. Retrieved 14 January 2016.
  118. ^ https://www.visitflanders.com/en/themes/red-star-line/jewish-heritage-in-flanders/
  119. ^ https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/brussels
  120. ^ "Kansas City". Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. 28 March 1908. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  121. ^ "Orlando Map & Jewish Demographics". The Real Florida Jewish Directory. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  122. ^ "A tour of Jewish Kiev". Jewishaz.com. 25 June 2004. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  123. ^ "Best Places to Live in the United States". Bestplaces.net. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  124. ^ "Virtual Jewish World: Strasbourg, France". Virtual Jewish World. Retrieved 21 September 2014.
  125. ^ "About the Jewish Community « Cape Town Jewish Board of Deputies". www.capebod.org.za. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
  126. ^ "Federação Israelita do Rio Grande do Sul". firgs.org.br. 2009. Archived from the original on 28 May 2009. Retrieved 25 December 2013.
  127. ^ [1] Archived 18 June 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  128. ^ Kramer, Lauren (17 August 2017). "The Vibrant Jewish Community of Panama". cjnews.com. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  129. ^ "Rhode Island". Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  130. ^ a b c "THE JEWISH COMMUNITY OF ITALY". www.eurojewcong.org. Archived from the original on 13 March 2013. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
  131. ^ Population Report: More Jews Live in the U.S. than in Israel Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, University of Miami research report 10 October 2010.
  132. ^ "Best Places to Live in the United States". Bestplaces.net. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  133. ^ "Richmond". Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  134. ^ "Albany". Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  135. ^ "US_Jewish_Population_2016 | j. the Jewish news weekly of Northern California" (PDF). Jweekly.com. 9 September 2005. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  136. ^ Jewish population in Munich
  137. ^ "The 2015 Nashville and Middle Tennessee Jewish Community Study | Brandeis University". www.brandeis.edu. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  138. ^ "Mitglieder Zentralrat (mouseover landmarks)". www.zentralratdjuden.de. Retrieved 16 January 2015.
  139. ^ "Indianapolis". Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  140. ^ "Judar i Sverige | Judiska museet".
  141. ^ "Louisville". Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  142. ^ "Jewish Communities and Records UK". Retrieved 25 June 2014.
  143. ^ "Jewish Community (Israelitische Kultusgemeinde)". Wien.gv.at. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  144. ^ Jewish demographic map Archived 16 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine (in German)
  145. ^ "ISJL". www.isjl.org/alabama-birmingham-encyclopedia.html. Retrieved September 2017
  146. ^ Ember, Melvin; Ember, Carol R.; Skoggard, Ian (30 November 2004). Encyclopedia of Diasporas: Immigrant and Refugee Cultures Around the World. Volume I: Overviews and Topics; Volume II: Diaspora Communities. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 9780306483219 – via Google Books.
  147. ^ "El Paso". www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org.
  148. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 31 May 2014. Retrieved 19 August 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  149. ^ Congress, World Jewish. "World Jewish Congress". www.worldjewishcongress.org.
  150. ^ a b Ohio's Jewish Population Archived 2 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine, by the Jewish Federation of Columbus
  151. ^ "Scottish Jewry is now 'below 6,000'". 7 October 2013 – via www.thejc.com.
  152. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 November 2013. Retrieved 9 October 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  153. ^ "Organization - Federation of Jewish Communities in Czech Republic". www.fzo.cz. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  154. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  155. ^ Moldovan Census 2004
  156. ^ "Population by ethnicity in censuses" (PDF). insse.ro. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  157. ^ "2016 Census Community Profiles: Greater Brisbane". www.censusdata.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  158. ^ a b "Censo Demográfico Brasileiro de 2000". 2000.
  159. ^ "Turkey Virtual Jewish History Tour | Jewish Virtual Library". www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 22 February 2016.
  160. ^ "Population 1891 to 2016 by County, Religion, CensusYear and Statistic - StatBank - data and statistics". www.cso.ie.
  161. ^ "Recife, Brazil". www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  162. ^ "Helsingin juutalainen seurakunta |".
  163. ^ "Montgomery's Jewish Community". Encyclopedia of Alabama. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
  164. ^ "Tabela 2094: População residente por cor ou raça e religião". www.sidra.ibge.gov.br. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  165. ^ "World Jewish Congress website". www.worldjewishcongress.org. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  166. ^ "Luxner - Articles". www.luxner.com. Archived from the original on 10 September 2016. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  167. ^ "La gaceta UdeG | La comunidad judía en Guadalajara". www.gaceta.udg.mx.
  168. ^ https://www.slovakia.org/society-jews.htm
  169. ^ Israelita, Tribuna. "LA COMUNIDAD ISRAELITA DE MONTERREY Ana Portnoy de Berner". www.tribuna.org.mx. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  170. ^ "It's an all-Jewish town, but no, it's not in Israel". 14 July 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  171. ^ "Kiryas Joel is 'a holistic cradle-to-grave Jewish society'". 18 March 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2013.
  172. ^ "2011 Greater Cleveland Jewish Population Study". 1 January 2011. Retrieved 1 July 2013.
  173. ^ "Statistics Canada - Community profiles - Hampstead". 2.statcan.ca. 12 March 2002. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  174. ^ "Statistics Canada - Community profiles - Côte Saint-Luc". 2.statcan.ca. 12 March 2002. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  175. ^ "Lakewood CDP, New Jersey)". United States Census. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
  176. ^ "Teaneck CDP, New Jersey)". United States Census. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
  177. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "2016 Community Profiles: Postcode 3161, Victoria". 2016 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 27 June 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  178. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "2016 Community Profiles: Caulfield South (State Suburb)". 2016 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 27 June 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  179. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "2016 Community Profiles: Rose Bay (NSW) (State Suburb)". 2016 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 27 June 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  180. ^ "Statistics on Sarcelles". L'Express. 9 June 1994. Retrieved 21 September 2014.
  181. ^ "Seattle's Jewish population jumped by 70 percent, study finds". 2 February 2015. Archived from the original on 22 September 2018. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  182. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "2016 Community Profiles: St Kilda East (State Suburb)". 2016 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 27 June 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  183. ^ "Statistics on Créteil". Le Parisien. 24 September 2005. Retrieved 21 September 2014.
  184. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "2016 Community Profiles: Vaucluse (State Suburb)". 2016 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 27 June 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  185. ^ "Statistics Canada - Community profiles - Westmount". 2.statcan.ca. 12 March 2002. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  186. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "2016 Community Profiles: Bellevue Hill (State Suburb)". 2016 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 27 June 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  187. ^ "Statistics Canada - Community profiles - Dollard-des-Ormeaux". 2.statcan.ca. 12 March 2002. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  188. ^ "Religions in Canada". 2.statcan.ca. 15 May 2001. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  189. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "2016 Community Profiles: Elsternwick (State Suburb)". 2016 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 27 June 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  190. ^ "Statistics Canada - Community profiles - Montreal West". 2.statcan.ca. 12 March 2002. Archived from the original on 23 March 2015. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  191. ^ https://www.totallyjewishtravel.com/Kosher_Tours-TL3567-newton_massachusetts-Vacations.html
  192. ^ a b "World Jewish Population". SimpleToRemember.com – Judaism Online. Retrieved 2 September 2012.
  193. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "2016 Community Profiles: Bondi (State Suburb)". 2016 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 27 June 2016. Edit this at Wikidata
  194. ^ "Statistics Canada - Community profiles - Mount Royal". 2.statcan.ca. 12 March 2002. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  195. ^ "San Jose". The American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise (AICE) . Retrieved 1 November 2013.
  196. ^ Refugees, United Nations High Commissioner for. "Refworld | World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - France : Jews". Retrieved 30 September 2016.
  197. ^ "Son 244.000 los judíos que viven en la ciudad, según un censo poblacional" (in Spanish). La Nación. 6 June 2005. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
  198. ^ "2011 Standard Outputs". Scotland's Census. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
  199. ^ "America's 30 Most Jewish Cities". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 1 November 2013.
  200. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2.statcan.ca. 12 March 2002. Retrieved 11 June 2012.

External links


This page was last updated at 2021-06-04 19:18, update this pageView original page

All information on this site, including but not limited to text, pictures, etc., are reproduced on Wikipedia (wikipedia.org), following the . Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License


Top

If the math, chemistry, physics and other formulas on this page are not displayed correctly, please useFirefox or Safari