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Jinan dialect

Jinan dialect
濟南話
Native toUrban Jinan in the People's Republic of China
RegionNortheastern China
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottologjina1245
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Jinan dialect (simplified Chinese: 济南话; traditional Chinese: 濟南話; pinyin: jǐnánhuà) is a Mandarin Chinese dialect spoken in Jinan in Shandong province.

Phonetics and Phonology

Consonants

Consonants of the Jinan dialect
  Labial Alveolar Alveolo-palatal Retroflex Velar
Nasal m n ɲ   ŋ
Plosive voiceless unaspirated p t     k
voiceless aspirated    
Affricate voiceless unaspirated   ts  
voiceless aspirated   tsʰ tɕʰ tʂʰ  
Fricative voiced       ʐ
voiceless f s ɕ ʂ x
Approximant   l    

Tones

Tone chart of the Jinan dialect
Tone number Tone name Tone contour Description
1 yin ping (陰平) ˨˩˧ (213) dipping
2 yang ping (陽平) ˥ (5) high
3 shang sheng (上聲) ˨˦ (24) rising
4 qu sheng (去聲) ˨˩ (21) low

See also

References

  • Běijīng dàxué zhōngguóyǔyánwénxuéxì yǔyánxué jiàoyánshì. (1989) Hànyǔ fāngyīn zìhuì. Běijīng: Wénzìgǎigé chūbǎnshè.(北京大學中國語言文學系語言學教研室. 1989. 漢語方音字匯. 北京: 文字改革出版社)
  • Norman, Jerry. [1988] (2002). Chinese. Cambridge, England: CUP ISBN 0-521-29653-6
  • Yuán, jiāhuá (1989). Hànyǔ fāngyán gàiyào (An introduction to Chinese dialects). Beijing, China: Wénzì gǎigé chūbǎnshè. (袁家驊. 1989. 漢語方言概要. 北京:文字改革出版社.)

External links



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